Amal of the Months

The First Month of the Islamic year is the Month of Ramazan

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ عَمْرٍو الشَّامِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّماواتِ وَ الْأَرْضَ فَغُرَّةُ الشُّهُورِ شَهْرُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ وَ هُوَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ قَلْبُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ وَ نُزِّلَ الْقُرْآنُ فِي أَوَّلِ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَاسْتَقْبِلِ الشَّهْرَ بِالْقُرْآنِ.

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Abdullah Bin Al Mugheira, from Amro Al Shamy,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘The number of months in the Presence of Allah-azwj are twelve months in the Book of Allah-azwj, from the day He-azwj Created the skies and the earth.

So the commencement of the months is the Month of Allah-azwj and it is the Month of Ramazan; and the heart of the Month of Ramazan is the Night of Pre-destination; and the Quran was Revealed in the first night of the Month of Ramazan. Therefore, welcome the Month with the Quran’.[1]

وَ فِي الْعِلَلِ الَّتِي تُرْوَى عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ النَّيْسَابُورِيِّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ وَ يُذْكَرُ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَهَا مِنَ الرِّضَا ع َّ أَوَّلَ شُهُورِ السَّنَةِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْحَقِّ شَهْرُ رَمَضَان

And (it has been narrated) from Fadl ibn Hazan Alnisabure – may Allah-azwj be Pleased with himandrecalled thathe had heard:

I heard from (Imam Ali) Al-Reza-asws that the first month of the year for the people of ‘Haq’ is the month of Ramazan.[2]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنِ الْعَبْدِ الصَّالِحِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ ادْعُ بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُسْتَقْبِلَ دُخُولِ السَّنَةِ وَ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ مُحْتَسِباً مُخْلِصاً لَمْ تُصِبْهُ فِي تِلْكَ السَّنَةِ فِتْنَةٌ وَ لَا آفَةٌ يُضَرُّ بِهَا دِينُهُ وَ بَدَنُهُ وَ وَقَاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ شَرَّ مَا يَأْتِي بِهِ تِلْكَ السَّنَةَ

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Mahboub, from Ali Bin Raib,

(It has been narrated) from Al-Abd Al-Salih-asws (7th Imam-asws) having said: ‘Supplicate with this supplication during the Month of Ramazan, welcoming the entry of the (new) year’, and he-asws mentioned that the one who supplicates with it, in expectation, sincerely, would neither be hit during that year with ‘فِتْنَةٌ’ strife nor ‘آفَةٌ’ an affliction by which his Religion and his body would be harmed, and Allah-azwj would Save him from the evil of what that year would be coming with. See the complete Hadith below:

Days in an Islamic Month:

عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ثَلَاثُونَ يَوْماً لَا يَنْقُصُ أَبَداً.

Ali Bin Muhammad, from Salih Bin Abu Hammad, from Ibn Sinan, from Huzeyfa Bin Mansour,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘The Month of Ramazan is of thirty days, not being deficient, ever!’

وَ عَنْهُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ مِثْلَهُ‏.

And from, from Al Hassan Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn Sinan, from Huzeyfa – similar to it.[3]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ بْنِ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ثَلَاثُونَ يَوْماً لَا يَنْقُصُ‏ وَ اللَّهِ‏ أَبَداً.

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Ibn Sinan, from Huzeyfa Bin Mansour, from Moaz Bin Kaseer,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘The Month of Ramazan is of thirty days, not being deficient, by Allah-azwj, ever!’[4]

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى خَلَقَ الدُّنْيَا فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ‏ ثُمَّ اخْتَزَلَهَا عَنْ أَيَّامِ السَّنَةِ وَ السَّنَةُ ثَلَاثُمِائَةٍ وَ أَرْبَعٌ وَ خَمْسُونَ يَوْماً- شَعْبَانُ لَا يَتِمُ‏ أَبَداً رَمَضَانُ لَا يَنْقُصُ وَ اللَّهِ أَبَداً وَ لَا تَكُونُ فَرِيضَةٌ نَاقِصَةً إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقُولُ- وَ لِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَ شَوَّالٌ تِسْعَةٌ وَ عِشْرُونَ يَوْماً وَ ذُو الْقَعْدَةِ ثَلَاثُونَ يَوْماً لِقَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ- وَ واعَدْنا مُوسى‏ ثَلاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَ أَتْمَمْناها بِعَشْرٍ فَتَمَّ مِيقاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً وَ ذُو الْحِجَّةِ تِسْعَةٌ وَ عِشْرُونَ يَوْماً وَ الْمُحَرَّمُ ثَلَاثُونَ يَوْماً ثُمَّ الشُّهُورُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ‏ شَهْرٌ تَامٌ‏ وَ شَهْرٌ نَاقِصٌ‏.

A number of our companions, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from one of his companions,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘Allah-azwj Blessed and High Created the world in six days, then Reduced these from the days of the year; and the year is of three hundred and fifty four (354) days. Shaban will never be complete[5], ever; Ramazan will never be deficient, by Allah-azwj, ever! And the Obligation would never happen to be deficient.

Allah Mighty and Majestic is Saying [2:185] and (He Desires) that you should complete the number; and Shawwal is of twenty nine days; and Zilqaada is of thirty days due to the Words of Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic [7:142] And We Appointed with Musa a time of thirty nights and Completed them with ten (more), so the Appointed time of his Lord was complete forty nights; and Zilhijja is of twenty nine days; and Al-Muharran is of thirty days. Then, the months after that would be either a complete month or an incomplete month’.[6]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْمَدَنِيِّ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ الزَّعْفَرَانِيِّ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِنَّ السَّمَاءَ تُطْبِقُ عَلَيْنَا بِالْعِرَاقِ الْيَوْمَ وَ الْيَوْمَيْنِ وَ الثَّلَاثَةَ فَأَيَّ يَوْمٍ نَصُومُ قَالَ انْظُرِ الْيَوْمَ‏ الَّذِي‏ صُمْتَ‏ مِنَ‏ السَّنَةِ الْمَاضِيَةِ وَ صُمْ يَوْمَ الْخَامِسِ.

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from one of our companions, from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin Ubeyd, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Al Madany, from Imran Al Za’afrany who said,

‘I said to Abu Abdullah-asws said: ‘They remain cloudy upon us in Al-Iraq for the day, and the two days, and the three. So which day should we be Fasting?’ He-asws said: ‘Look at which day you Fasted the past year, and Fast on the fifth day’.[7]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ الْخُدْرِيِّ عَنْ بَعْضِ مَشَايِخِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: صُمْ فِي الْعَامِ الْمُسْتَقْبَلِ يَوْمَ الْخَامِسِ مِنْ يَوْمِ صُمْتَ فِيهِ عَامَ أَوَّلَ.

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Al Abbas Bin Marouf, from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Usman Al Khudry, from one of his elders,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘Fast in the coming year on the fifth day from the day you Fasted in during the former year’.[8]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ السَّيَّارِيِّ قَالَ: كَتَبَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْفَرَجِ إِلَى الْعَسْكَرِيِّ ع يَسْأَلُهُ عَمَّا رُوِيَ مِنَ الْحِسَابِ فِي الصَّوْمِ عَنْ آبَائِكَ فِي عَدِّ خَمْسَةِ أَيَّامٍ بَيْنَ أَوَّلِ السَّنَةِ الْمَاضِيَةِ وَ السَّنَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ الَّتِي تَأْتِي فَكَتَبَ صَحِيحٌ وَ لَكِنْ عُدَّ فِي كُلِّ أَرْبَعِ سِنِينَ خَمْساً وَ فِي السَّنَةِ الْخَامِسَةِ سِتّاً فِيمَا بَيْنَ الْأُولَى وَ الْحَادِثِ وَ مَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ خَمْسَةٌ خَمْسَةٌ قَالَ السَّيَّارِيُّ وَ هَذِهِ مِنْ جِهَةِ الْكَبِيسَةِ قَالَ وَ قَدْ حَسَبَهُ أَصْحَابُنَا فَوَجَدُوهُ صَحِيحاً قَالَ وَ كَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْفَرَجِ فِي سَنَةِ ثَمَانٍ وَ ثَلَاثِينَ وَ مِائَتَيْنِ هَذَا الْحِسَابُ لَا يَتَهَيَّأُ لِكُلِّ إِنْسَانٍ أَنْ يَعْمَلَ عَلَيْهِ إِنَّمَا هَذَا لِمَنْ يَعْرِفُ السِّنِينَ وَ مَنْ يَعْلَمُ مَتَى كَانَتِ السَّنَةُ الْكَبِيسَةُ ثُمَّ يَصِحُّ لَهُ هِلَالُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَوَّلَ لَيْلَةٍ فَإِذَا صَحَّ الْهِلَالُ لِلَيْلَتِهِ وَ عَرَفَ السِّنِينَ صَحَّ لَهُ ذَلِكَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ.

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Sayyari who said,

‘Muhammad Bin Al-Faraj wrote to (Imam) Al-Askari-asws asking him-asws about what is reported from the accounting regarding the Fasting, from your-asws forefathers-asws regarding the counting of five days between the first year which is past, and the second year which is coming. So he-asws wrote: ‘Correct, but count during every four years, five, and in the fifth year, six, regarding what is between the former and the new (year), and what is besides that, so it is five, five’.

Al-Sayyari said, ‘And this is from the direction of the leap year’ He (the narrator) said, ‘And our companions have calculated it, so they found it to be correct’.

He (the narrator) said, ‘And Muhammad Bin Al-Faraj wrote to him in the year two hundred and thirty eight (238), ‘This calculation is not possible for every human being that he acts upon it. But rather, this is for the one who understands the years, and the one who know when the leap year was, then it would be correct for him, the crescent of the Month of Ramaza of the first night. So when the crescent is correct for its night, and he understands the years, so that would be correct for him, if Allah-azwj so Desires it’.[9]

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْأَحْوَلِ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ الزَّعْفَرَانِيِّ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِنَّا نَمْكُثُ فِي الشِّتَاءِ الْيَوْمَ وَ الْيَوْمَيْنِ لَا تُرَى شَمْسٌ وَ لَا نَجْمٌ فَأَيَّ يَوْمٍ نَصُومُ قَالَ انْظُرِ الْيَوْمَ الَّذِي صُمْتَ مِنَ السَّنَةِ الْمَاضِيَةِ وَ عُدَّ خَمْسَةَ أَيَّامٍ وَ صُمِ الْيَوْمَ الْخَامِسَ.

A number of our companions, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Mansour Bin Al Abbas, from Ibrahim Al Ahowl, from Imran Al Za’afrany who said,

‘I said to Abu Abdullah-asws, ‘We remain in the winter for the day, and the two days, not seeing the sun, or stars. So which day should we be Fasting?’ He-asws said; ‘Look at the day in which you had Fasted from the past year, and count five days, and Fast on the fifth day’.[10].

The four Sacred Months:

محمد بن إبراهيم النعماني، قال: أخبرنا علي بن الحسين، قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، قال: حدثنا محمد بن حسان  الرازي، عن محمد بن علي الكوفي، عن إبراهيم بن محمد بن يوسف، عن محمد ابن عيسى، عن محمد بن سنان، عن فضيل الرسان، عن أبي حمزة الثمالي، قال: كنت عند أبي جعفر محمد بن علي الباقر (عليهما السلام) ذات يوم، فلما تفرق من كان عنده، قال لي: «يا أبا حمزة، من المحتوم الذي لا تبديل له عند الله، قيام قائمنا، فمن شك فيما أقول لقي الله و هو به كافر، و له جاحد».

Muhammad Bin Ibrahim Al No’mani said, ‘Ali Bin Al Husayn Informed us, from Muhammad Bin Yahya Al Ataar, Muhammad Bin Hasaan Al Razy, from Muhammad Bin Ali Kufy, from Ibrahim Bin Muhammad Bin Yunus, from Muhammad Ibn Isa, from Muhammad Bin Sinan, from Fazeyl Al rasaan, from Abu Hamza Al Sumaly who said,

‘I was in the presence of Abu Ja’far Muhammad-asws Bin Ali Al-Baqir-asws one day. So when those who were in his-asws presence dispersed, he-asws said to me: ‘O Abu Hamza! From the Ordained (matters) for which there would not be a change in the presence of Allah-azwj, is the rising of our-asws Qaim-asws. So the one who doubts in regards to what I-asws am saying would meet Allah-azwj whilst having disbelieved by it, and ungrateful for it’.

ثم قال: «بأبي أنت و أمي، المسمى باسمي، و المكنى بكنيتي، السابع من بعدي، بأبي من يملأ الأرض قسطا و عدلا كما ملئت ظلما و جورا».

Then he-asws said: ‘By my-asws father-asws and my-asws mother-asws! The named one with my-asws name, and the teknonymed with my-asws teknonym, the seventh from after me-asws. The one who would fill the earth with equity and justice just as it had been filled with injustice and tyranny (beforehand)’.

ثم قال: «يا أبا حمزة، من أدركه فلم يسلم له فما سلم لمحمد و علي (عليهما السلام) و قد حرم الله عليه الجنة، و مأواه النار و بئس مثوى الظالمين. و أوضح من هذا- بحمد الله- و أنور و أبين و أزهر لمن هداه الله و أحسن إليه قول الله عز و جل في محكم كتابه: إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّماواتِ وَ الْأَرْضَ مِنْها أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ذلِكَ الدِّينُ الْقَيِّمُ فَلا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ و معرفة الشهور- المحرم و صفر و ربيع و ما بعده، و الحرم منها، هي: رجب، و ذو القعدة، و ذو الحجة، و المحرم-

Then he-asws said: ‘O Abu Hamza! The one who meets him-asws, and does not submit to him-asws, so he has not submitted to Muhammad-saww and Ali-asws, and Allah-azwj would Prohibit the Paradise to him, and his abode would be the Fire, and evil is the home of the unjust. And clearer than this – by the Praise of Allah-azwj – and (with) more light, and explanatory, and bright, for the one whom Allah-azwj Guides, and Favour him are the Words of Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic in the Decisive of His-azwj Book [9:36] Surely the number of months with Allah is twelve months in Allah’s Book since the day He Created the skies and the earth, from these four are Sacred; that is Al Qayyim Religion; therefore be not unjust to yourselves regarding them. And the recognition of the months – Al-Muharran, and Safar, and Rabi’e and what is after it. And the Sacred from these are – Rajab, and Zil Qadah, and Zil Hijjaj, and Al-Muharram.

لا تكون دينا قيما لأن اليهود و النصارى و المجوس و سائر الملل و الناس جميعا من الموافقين و المخالفين يعرفون هذه الشهور، و يعدونها بأسمائها، و إنما هم الأئمة القوامون بدين الله (عليهم السلام)، و الحرم منها: أمير المؤمنين علي (عليه السلام) الذي اشتق الله تعالى له اسما من اسمه العلي، كما اشتق لرسوله (صلى الله عليه و آله) اسما من اسمه المحمود، و ثلاثة من ولده، أسماؤهم علي بن الحسين، و علي بن موسى، و علي بن محمد، فصار لهذا الاسم المشتق من اسم الله جل و عز حرمة به، و صلوات الله على محمد و آله المكرمين المحترمين به».

These cannot become our-asws ‘Qayyima’ Religion because the Jews, and the Christians, and the Magians, and the rest of the nations and the people altogether from the approvers and the opponents. They are recognising these months, and are calling these by their names. But rather, they-asws are the Imams-asws who are the foundation of the Religion of Allah-azwj. And the Sacred ones from these – Amir-ul-Momineen Ali-asws for whom Allah-azwj the High Derived his-asws name from His-azwj Own Name ‘The Most High’ (العلي), just as He -azwj Derived it for His-azwj Rasool-saww a name from His-azwj Own Name ‘The Most Praised One’ (المحمود), and three from his-asws sons, their-asws names are Ali-asws Bin Al Husayn-asws, and Ali-asws Bin Musa-asws, and Ali-asws Bin Muhammad-asws. So the derivatives of these names are from the Name of Allah-azwj Majestic and Mighty Sanctified by it. And the Blessing of Allah-azwj be upon Muhammad-saww, and his-saww Progeny-asws, the Honourable, Revered’.[11]

Fasting on the last day of Shaban ‘Yom-e-Shuuk’:

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ يَعْلَى عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ آدَمَ عَنِ الْكَاهِلِيِّ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع- عَنِ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي يُشَكُّ فِيهِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ قَالَ لَأَنْ أَصُومَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَعْبَانَ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنْ أَنْ أُفْطِرَ يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.

A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Hamza Bin Ya’la, from Zakariyya Bin Adam, from Al Kahily who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws about the day in which there is a doubt, it is from Shaban. He-asws said: ‘If I-asws were to Fast a day from Shaban, it would be more beloved to me-asws than if I-asws were to break the Fast of the Month of Ramazan’.[12]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ‏ عَنِ‏ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي يُشَكُّ فِيهِ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لَا يَدْرِي أَ هُوَ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ أَوْ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ فَصَامَهُ فَكَانَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ قَالَ هُوَ يَوْمٌ وُفِّقَ لَهُ وَ لَا قَضَاءَ عَلَيْهِ.

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus, from Sama’at who said,

‘I asked him-asws about the day in which there is a doubt, whether it is from the Month of Ramazan, one does not know whether it is from Shaban or from Ramazaan, so one Fasts it as if it was from the Month of Ramazan. He-asws said: ‘It is a ‘يَوْمٌ وُفِّقَ’ day commensurate for him, and there is no fulfilment (making up for it) upon it’.[13]

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي الصُّهْبَانِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بَكْرِ بْنِ جَنَاحٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ شَجَرَةَ عَنْ بَشِيرٍ النَّبَّالِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ الشَّكِّ فَقَالَ صُمْهُ فَإِنْ يَكُ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ كَانَ تَطَوُّعاً وَ إِنْ يَكُ مِنْ‏ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ‏ فَيَوْمٌ‏ وُفِّقْتَ‏ لَهُ‏.

Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Al Suhban, from Muhammad Bin Bakr Bin Janah, from Ali Bin Shajara, from Bashir Al Nabbal,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws, said, ‘I asked him-asws about a Fast of the day of doubt. So he-asws said: ‘Fast it. So, if it was from Shaban, it was a voluntary (Fast), and if it was from the Month of Ramazan, so it would be a commensurate day for it’.[14]

عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن حمزة بن أبي يعلى، عن محمد ابن الحسن بن أبي خالد رفعه، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) إذا صح هلال شهر رجب فعد تسعة وخمسين يوما وصم يوم الستين.

Imam Abi Abdullah-asws said:  Upon sighting of the Rajab moon count 59 days and then fast on the 60th day (as there will always be 30 days in the months of Rajab and 29 in Shaban).[15]

Short Summary:

As Per above Ahadith, the number of days in the Islamic months will be as below:

Moharram                      30

Shabaan                          29 or 30 days in the leap year (after every four years)

Month of Ramdhan      30

Shawwal                          29

Zilhajj                              29

The other months will either be 30 or 29.  Total number of days in an Islamic year, therefore are 354.  The moon cycle around earth takes 354 days and few hours, therefore, one day needs to be added after every four years (in the fifth year) to the month of Shabaan (this is the reason behind the fast on the ‘Yom-e-Shuuk’.

With this background we present further Ahadith related to the Ammal of each month, starting with the first Islamic month, the month of Ramazan, see each month file, uploaded separately.

The First Month of the Islamic year is the Month of Ramazan

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ عَمْرٍو الشَّامِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنا عَشَرَ شَهْراً فِي كِتابِ اللَّهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّماواتِ وَ الْأَرْضَ فَغُرَّةُ الشُّهُورِ شَهْرُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ وَ هُوَ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ قَلْبُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ وَ نُزِّلَ الْقُرْآنُ فِي أَوَّلِ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَاسْتَقْبِلِ الشَّهْرَ بِالْقُرْآنِ.

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Abdullah Bin Al Mugheira, from Amro Al Shamy,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘The number of months in the Presence of Allah-azwj are twelve months in the Book of Allah-azwj, from the day He-azwj Created the skies and the earth.

So the commencement of the months is the Month of Allah-azwj and it is the Month of Ramazan; and the heart of the Month of Ramazan is the Night of Pre-destination; and the Quran was Revealed in the first night of the Month of Ramazan. Therefore, welcome the Month with the Quran’.[16]

وَ فِي الْعِلَلِ الَّتِي تُرْوَى عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ النَّيْسَابُورِيِّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ وَ يُذْكَرُ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَهَا مِنَ الرِّضَا ع َّ أَوَّلَ شُهُورِ السَّنَةِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْحَقِّ شَهْرُ رَمَضَان

And (it has been narrated) from Fadl ibn Hazan Alnisabure – may Allah-azwj be Pleased with himandrecalled thathe had heard:

I heard from (Imam Ali) Al-Reza-asws that the first month of the year for the people of ‘Haq’ is the month of Ramazan.[17]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنِ الْعَبْدِ الصَّالِحِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ ادْعُ بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُسْتَقْبِلَ دُخُولِ السَّنَةِ وَ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ مُحْتَسِباً مُخْلِصاً لَمْ تُصِبْهُ فِي تِلْكَ السَّنَةِ فِتْنَةٌ وَ لَا آفَةٌ يُضَرُّ بِهَا دِينُهُ وَ بَدَنُهُ وَ وَقَاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ شَرَّ مَا يَأْتِي بِهِ تِلْكَ السَّنَةَ

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Mahboub, from Ali Bin Raib,

(It has been narrated) from Al-Abd Al-Salih-asws (7th Imam-asws) having said: ‘Supplicate with this supplication during the Month of Ramazan, welcoming the entry of the (new) year’, and he-asws mentioned that the one who supplicates with it, in expectation, sincerely, would neither be hit during that year with ‘فِتْنَةٌ’ strife nor ‘آفَةٌ’ an affliction by which his Religion and his body would be harmed, and Allah-azwj would Save him from the evil of what that year would be coming with. See the complete Hadith below:

The Month of Ramazan:

Month of Ramazan

 

2 3

 

4 5 6 7
8 9

 

10

Shahadat Syeda Malika tul Arab–asws

11 12

 

13

 

14
15

Zahoor Imam Hassan–asws

 

16 17 18 19

Subh-e-Zarbat Amir-ul-Momineen–asws

20

 

21

Shahadat Amir-ul-Momineen–asws

22

 

23 24 25

 

 

26 27

 

28

 

29 30

Supplications at the start of the Month of Ramazan:

وَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابِ الْمُشَارِ إِلَيْهِ عَنِ الصَّادِقِ ع‏ مَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ لَا يَكُونَ بِهِ الْحِكَّةُ فَلْيَغْتَسِلْ أَوَّلَ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَإِنَّهُ مَنِ اغْتَسَلَ أَوَّلَ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لَا تُصِيبُهُ حِكَّةٌ وَ يَكُونُ سَالِماً مِنْهَا إِلَى شَهْرِ رَمَضَانٍ قَابِلٍ‏.

And from that book, the indicated to it,

‘From Al-Sadiq-asws: ‘One who loves for there not to be any itching for him, let him wash on the first night of a month of Ramazan, for the one who washes in the first night from a month of Ramazan, itching will not afflict him and he would be safe from it up to the next month of Ramazan’’.[18]

(1)

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عُمَرَ الْيَمَانِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إِذَا أَهَلَّ هِلَالَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ اسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ وَ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ فَقَالَ

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Ibrahim Bin Umar Al Yamany, from Amro Bin Shimr, from Jabir,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws having said: ‘Rasool-Allah-saww, whenever it was a crescent of a Month of Ramazan, would face the Qiblah and raise his-saww hands, so he-saww would say:

اللَّهُمَّ أَهِلَّهُ عَلَيْنَا بِالْأَمْنِ وَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ السَّلَامَةِ وَ الْإِسْلَامِ وَ الْعَافِيَةِ الْمُجَلِّلَةِ وَ الرِّزْقِ الْوَاسِعِ وَ دَفْعِ الْأَسْقَامِ اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنَا صِيَامَهُ وَ قِيَامَهُ وَ تِلَاوَةَ الْقُرْآنِ فِيهِ اللَّهُمَّ سَلِّمْهُ لَنَا وَ تَسَلَّمْهُ مِنَّا وَ سَلِّمْنَا فِيهِ .

‘O Allah-azwj! Welcome it (Month of Ramazan) upon us with the security, and the faith, and the peace, and the Islam, and the good spirited health, and the extensive sustenance, and Repel the illnesses. O Allah-azwj! Grace us its Fasts, and its standing (for the Prayer), and recitation of the Quran therein. O Allah-azwj! Give it as a safety for us, and Receive it back in safety from us, and Keep us safe within’.[19]

(2)

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَةَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَى السَّابَاطِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) إِذَا كَانَ أَوَّلُ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَقُلِ

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Ahmad Bin Al Hassan Bin Ali, from Amro Bin Saeed, from Musaddaq Bin Sadaqa, from Ammar Bin Musa Al Sabaty who said,

‘Abu Abdullah-asws said: ‘Whenever it is the first night a Month of Ramazan, so say,

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَ مُنْزِلَ الْقُرْآنِ هَذَا شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنَ وَ أَنْزَلْتَ فِيهِ آيَاتٍ بَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْهُدَى وَ الْفُرْقَانِ اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنَا صِيَامَهُ وَ أَعِنَّا عَلَى قِيَامِهِ

‘O Allah-azwj! Lord-azwj of the Month of Ramazan, and the One-azwj who Revealed of the Quran! This is the Month of Ramazan in which the Quran was Revealed, and there descended in it clear Verses of the Guidance and the Criterion. O Allah-azwj! Grace us its Fasts and Aid us upon its establishing.

اللَّهُمَّ سَلِّمْهُ لَنَا وَ سَلِّمْنَا فِيهِ وَ تَسَلَّمْهُ مِنَّا فِي يُسْرٍ مِنْكَ وَ مُعَافَاةٍ وَ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ الْمَحْتُومِ فِيمَا يُفْرَقُ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ الْحَكِيمِ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ الَّذِي لَا يُرَدُّ وَ لَا يُبَدَّلُ أَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الْحَرَامِ الْمَبْرُورِ حَجُّهُمْ الْمَشْكُورِ سَعْيُهُمْ الْمَغْفُورِ ذَنْبُهُمْ الْمُكَفَّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُهُمْ وَ اجْعَلْ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ أَنْ تُطِيلَ لِي فِي عُمُرِي وَ تُوَسِّعَ عَلَيَّ مِنَ الرِّزْقِ الْحَلَالِ .

O Allah-azwj! Give it as a safety for us, Keep us safe therein and Receive it back in safety from us in Ease from You-azwj, and Forgiveness, and Cause it what You-azwj have Judged and Ordained from the inevitable Commands, in what the Wise Commands are Made distinct during the Night of Pre-determination, from the Judgement which can neither be returned nor changed, if You-azwj could Write for me to be from the pilgrims of your-azwj Sacred House (Kabah), the ones whose Hajj is Accepted, whose Sa’ee (a ritual of Hajj) is Appreciated, ones whose sins are Forgiven, the ones who sins are Remedied, and Make to be in Your-azwj Judgement and Ordainment that You-azwj would Lengthen my life-span for me, and would Expand for me from the Permissible sustenance’.[20]

(3)

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنِ الْعَبْدِ الصَّالِحِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ ادْعُ بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مُسْتَقْبِلَ دُخُولِ السَّنَةِ وَ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ مُحْتَسِباً مُخْلِصاً لَمْ تُصِبْهُ فِي تِلْكَ السَّنَةِ فِتْنَةٌ وَ لَا آفَةٌ يُضَرُّ بِهَا دِينُهُ وَ بَدَنُهُ وَ وَقَاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ شَرَّ مَا يَأْتِي بِهِ تِلْكَ السَّنَةَ

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Mahboub, from Ali Bin Raib,

(It has been narrated) from Al-Abd Al-Salih-asws (7th Imam-asws) having said: ‘Supplicate with this supplication during the Month of Ramazan, welcoming the entry of the (new) year’, and he-asws mentioned that the one who supplicates with it, in expectation, sincerely, would neither be hit during that year with ‘فِتْنَةٌ وَ لَا آفَةٌ’ strife nor an affliction by which his Religion and his body would be harmed, and Allah-azwj would Save him from the evil of what that year would be coming with.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِاسْمِكَ الَّذِي دَانَ لَهُ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ الَّتِي وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ بِعِزَّتِكَ الَّتِي قَهَرْتَ بِهَا كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ بِعَظَمَتِكَ الَّتِي تَوَاضَعَ لَهَا كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ بِقُوَّتِكَ الَّتِي خَضَعَ لَهَا كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ بِجَبَرُوتِكَ الَّتِي غَلَبَتْ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ بِعِلْمِكَ الَّذِي أَحَاطَ بِكُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ

O Allah-azwj! I hereby Plead You-azwj by Your-azwj Name which every comes closer to it, and by Your-azwj Mercy which Extends over everything, and by Your-azwj Mighty by which everything is compelled, and by Your-azwj Magnificence to which everything is humbled, and by Your-azwj Strength to which everything is subdued, by Your-azwj Might which overcomes everything, and by Your-azwj Knowledge which everything is engulfed by.

يَا نُورُ يَا قُدُّوسُ يَا أَوَّلُ قَبْلَ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ يَا بَاقِي بَعْدَ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللَّهُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تُغَيِّرُ النِّعَمَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تُنْزِلُ النِّقَمَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تَقْطَعُ الرَّجَاءَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تُدِيلُ الْأَعْدَاءَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تَرُدُّ الدُّعَاءَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي يُسْتَحَقُّ بِهَا نُزُولُ الْبَلَاءِ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تَحْبِسُ غَيْثَ السَّمَاءِ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تَكْشِفُ الْغِطَاءَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تُعَجِّلُ الْفَنَاءَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تُورِثُ النَّدَمَ وَ اغْفِرْ لِيَ الذُّنُوبَ الَّتِي تَهْتِكُ الْعِصَمَ وَ أَلْبِسْنِي دِرْعَكَ الْحَصِينَةَ الَّتِي لَا تُرَامُ وَ عَافِنِي مِنْ شَرِّ مَا أُحَاذِرُ بِاللَّيْلِ وَ النَّهَارِ فِي مُسْتَقْبِلِ سَنَتِي هَذِهِ

O Light! O Holy! O Foremost before everything, and O Existing One after everything! O Allah-azwj! O beneficent! O Allah-azwj, Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww, and Forgive my those sins which change the Bounties, and Forgive for me the sins which bring down the Curses, and Forgive for me the sins which cut-off the hope, and Forgive for me the sins which cause the domination of the enemies, and Forgive for me the sins which repel the supplication, and Forgive for me the sins by which the descent of the afflictions is deserved, and Forgive for me the sins which withhold the rain of the sky, and Forgive for me the sins which uncover the privacy, and Forgive for me the sins which hasten the annihilation, and Forgive for me the sins which inherit the remorse, and Forgive for me the sins which rupture the innocence, and Clothe me with Your-azwj Fortified Shield which cannot be shot at (by the arrows), and Obliterate for me the evil of what I am cautious of at night and the day during this coming year of mine.

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ السَّمَاوَاتِ السَّبْعِ وَ الْأَرَضِينَ السَّبْعِ وَ مَا فِيهِنَّ وَ مَا بَيْنَهُنَّ وَ رَبَّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ وَ رَبَّ السَّبْعِ الْمَثَانِي وَ الْقُرْآنِ الْعَظِيمِ وَ رَبَّ إِسْرَافِيلَ وَ مِيكَائِيلَ وَ جَبْرَئِيلَ وَ رَبَّ مُحَمَّدٍ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ سَيِّدِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَ خَاتَمِ النَّبِيِّينَ

O Allah-azwj! Lord-azwj of the seven skies and the seven firmaments, and whatever is in these, and whatever is between these; and Lord-azwj of the Magnificent Throne, and Lord-azwj of the seven doubles and the Magnificent Quran, and Lord-azwj of Israfeel-as, and Mikaeel-as, and Jibraeel-as, and Lord-azwj of Muhammad-saww, and his-saww family-asws, chief of the Mursil Prophets-as, and the seal of the Prophets-as.

أَسْأَلُكَ بِكَ وَ بِمَا سَمَّيْتَ يَا عَظِيمُ أَنْتَ الَّذِي تَمُنُّ بِالْعَظِيمِ وَ تَدْفَعُ كُلَّ مَحْذُورٍ وَ تُعْطِي كُلَّ جَزِيلٍ وَ تُضَاعِفُ مِنَ الْحَسَنَاتِ بِالْقَلِيلِ وَ الْكَثِيرِ وَ تَفْعَلُ مَا تَشَاءُ يَا قَدِيرُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا رَحِيمُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَلْبِسْنِي فِي مُسْتَقْبِلِ هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ سِتْرَكَ وَ نَضِّرْ وَجْهِي بِنُورِكَ وَ أَحِبَّنِي بِمَحَبَّتِكَ وَ بَلِّغْنِي رِضْوَانَكَ وَ شَرِيفَ كَرَامَتِكَ وَ جَزِيلَ عَطَائِكَ مِنْ خَيْرِ مَا عِنْدَكَ وَ مِنْ خَيْرِ مَا أَنْتَ مُعْطٍ أَحَداً مِنْ خَلْقِكَ وَ أَلْبِسْنِي مَعَ ذَلِكَ عَافِيَتَكَ

I hereby plead You-azwj by Yourself-azwj, and by what You-azwj have been Named with, O Magnificent! You-azwj are the One Who Favours with the Magnificence, and Repels every hazard and Gives everyone a lot, and doubles from the Rewards with the little and the more, and You-azwj do whatever You-azwj so Desire to. O Powerful! O Allah-azwj! O Beneficent! O Merciful! Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and his-saww family-asws, and Clothe me during this coming year with Your-azwj veil, and Freshen my face with Your-azwj Light, and Make me to be loveable with Your-azwj Love, and Make Your-azwj Pleasure to reach me, and the Nobility of Your-azwj Benevolence, and abundance of Your-azwj Grants from goodness of what is in Your-azwj Presence, and from goodness of what You-azwj have not Conferred upon anyone from Your-azwj creatures, and Clothe me along with that, with good health from You-azwj.

يَا مَوْضِعَ كُلِّ شَكْوَى وَ يَا شَاهِدَ كُلِّ نَجْوَى وَ يَا عَالِمَ كُلِّ خَفِيَّةٍ وَ يَا دَافِعَ كُلِّ مَا تَشَاءُ مِنْ بَلِيَّةٍ يَا كَرِيمَ الْعَفْوِ يَا حَسَنَ التَّجَاوُزِ تَوَفَّنِي عَلَى مِلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَ فِطْرَتِهِ وَ عَلَى دِينِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ سُنَّتِهِ وَ عَلَى خَيْرِ وَفَاةٍ فَتَوَفَّنِي مُوَالِياً لِأَوْلِيَائِكَ مُعَادِياً لِأَعْدَائِكَ

O Place of every complaint, and O Witness of every whispering, and O Knowledgeable of every concealment, and O Repeller of everything what You-azwj so Desire to from the afflictions! O Benevolent, the Forgiver! O best of the Overlookers, Make me to die upon the nation of Ibrahim-as and his-as nature, and upon the Religion of Muhammad-saww and his-saww Sunnah, and upon a good death. So Make me to die as a friend of Your-azwj Friends, an enemy of Your-azwj enemies.

اللَّهُمَّ وَ جَنِّبْنِي فِي هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ كُلَّ عَمَلٍ أَوْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ فِعْلٍ يُبَاعِدُنِي مِنْكَ وَ اجْلِبْنِي إِلَى كُلِّ عَمَلٍ أَوْ قَوْلٍ أَوْ فِعْلٍ يُقَرِّبُنِي مِنْكَ فِي هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ وَ امْنَعْنِي مِنْ كُلِّ عَمَلٍ أَوْ فِعْلٍ أَوْ قَوْلٍ يَكُونُ مِنِّي أَخَافُ ضَرَرَ عَاقِبَتِهِ وَ أَخَافُ مَقْتَكَ إِيَّايَ عَلَيْهِ حَذَراً أَنْ تَصْرِفَ وَجْهَكَ الْكَرِيمَ عَنِّي فَأَسْتَوْجِبَ بِهِ نَقْصاً مِنْ حَظٍّ لِي عِنْدَكَ يَا رَءُوفُ يَا رَحِيمُ

O Allah-azwj, and Keep me aside during this year, from every work, or word, or deed which distances me from You-azwj, and Bring me to every work, or word, or deed which nears me to You-azwj during this year. O most Merciful of the merciful ones, and Prevent me from every work, or deed, or word which occurs from me which I fear its end result, and I fear cut-off from You-azwj, which is hazardous for me that You-azwj would Turn Your-azwj Benevolent Face away from me, so it would be Obligated by it a reduction from a share of mine in Your-azwj Presence, O Kind, O Merciful!

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي فِي مُسْتَقْبِلِ هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ فِي حِفْظِكَ وَ جِوَارِكَ وَ كَنَفِكَ وَ جَلِّلْنِي سِتْرَ عَافِيَتِكَ وَ هَبْ لِي كَرَامَتَكَ عَزَّ جَارُكَ وَ جَلَّ ثَنَاءُ وَجْهِكَ وَ لَا إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي تَابِعاً لِصَالِحِ مَنْ مَضَى مِنْ أَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ أَلْحِقْنِي بِهِمْ وَ اجْعَلْنِي مُسْلِماً لِمَنْ قَالَ بِالصِّدْقِ عَلَيْكَ مِنْهُمْ

O Allah-azwj! Make me to be, in this coming year, to be in Your-azwj Protection, and Your-azwj Proximity, and Your-azwj Shelter, and Cover me with a Veil of ‘عَافِيَتِكَ’ good health (and peace of mind) from You-azwj, and Endow to me Your-azwj Prestige. Honourable is Your-azwj Proximity and Majestic is the Praise of Your-azwj Grace, and there is no god apart from You-azwj. O Allah-azwj! Make me a follower of the righteous ones from the past ones from Your-azwj Guardians-as, and Attach me with them, and Make me a submitter to the one who speaks with the Truthfulness upon You-azwj from them.

وَ أَعُوذُ بِكَ يَا إِلَهِي أَنْ تُحِيطَ بِهِ خَطِيئَتِي وَ ظُلْمِي وَ إِسْرَافِي عَلَى نَفْسِي وَ اتِّبَاعِي لِهَوَايَ وَ اشْتِغَالِي بِشَهَوَاتِي فَيَحُولَ ذَلِكَ بَيْنِي وَ بَيْنَ رَحْمَتِكَ وَ رِضْوَانِكَ فَأَكُونَ مَنْسِيّاً عِنْدَكَ مُتَعَرِّضاً لِسَخَطِكَ وَ نَقِمَتِكَ

And I seek Refuge with You-azwj, O my God-azwj, that my sins should surround me, and my injustices, and my extravagance upon myself, and my following of my own desires, and my pre-occupation with my lustful desires, so they would end up as a barrier between me and Your-azwj Mercy, and Your-azwj Pleasure. Thus, I would end upon being Forsaken in Your-azwj Presence, presented for Your-azwj Wrath and Your-azwj Curse.

اللَّهُمَّ وَفِّقْنِي لِكُلِّ عَمَلٍ صَالِحٍ تَرْضَى بِهِ عَنِّي وَ قَرِّبْنِي بِهِ إِلَيْكَ زُلْفَى

O Allah-azwj! Incline me towards every righteous deed You-azwj are Pleased with and I can get closer to You-azwj by it in position.

اللَّهُمَّ كَمَا كَفَيْتَ نَبِيَّكَ مُحَمَّداً ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) هَوْلَ عَدُوِّهِ وَ فَرَّجْتَ هَمَّهُ وَ كَشَفْتَ غَمَّهُ وَ صَدَقْتَهُ وَعْدَكَ وَ أَنْجَزْتَ لَهُ مَوْعِدَكَ بِعَهْدِكَ اللَّهُمَّ بِذَلِكَ فَاكْفِنِي هَوْلَ هَذِهِ السَّنَةِ وَ آفَاتِهَا وَ أَسْقَامَهَا وَ فِتْنَتَهَا وَ شُرُورَهَا وَ أَحْزَانَهَا وَ ضِيقَ الْمَعَاشِ فِيهَا وَ بَلِّغْنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ كَمَالَ الْعَافِيَةِ بِتَمَامِ دَوَامِ الْعَافِيَةِ وَ النِّعْمَةِ عِنْدِي إِلَى مُنْتَهَى أَجَلِي

O Allah-azwj! Just as You-azwj Sufficed Your-azwj Prophet-as Muhammad-saww from the horrors of his-saww enemies, and Relieved his-saww worries, and Removed his-saww grief, and Ratified to him-saww Your-azwj Promise, and Completed for him-saww Your-azwj Appointment by the Covenant, so, O Allah-azwj! Suffice me by that, from the horrors of this year, and its afflictions, and its illnesses, and its evils, and its grief, and the constriction of the livelihood therein; and Make it reach me with Your-azwj Mercy, perfectly good health with completeness and continued good health, and the Bounties with me up to the end of my term (life-span).

أَسْأَلُكَ سُؤَالَ مَنْ أَسَاءَ وَ ظَلَمَ وَ اعْتَرَفَ وَ أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي مَا مَضَى مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ الَّتِي حَصَرَتْهَا حَفَظَتُكَ وَ أَحْصَتْهَا كِرَامُ مَلَائِكَتِكَ عَلَيَّ وَ أَنْ تَعْصِمَنِي إِلَهِي مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ فِيمَا بَقِيَ مِنْ عُمُرِي إِلَى مُنْتَهَى أَجَلِي

I hereby ask You-azwj by a begging of the one who has sinned and been unjust, and acknowledged. And I hereby ask You-azwj if You-azwj could Forgive for me what is past from the sins which Your-azwj Preservers (Recording Angels) have listed and Your-azwj Honourable Angels have numbered upon me, and if You-azwj could Exempt me, my Allah-azwj, from the sins in what is remaining from my life up to the end of my term.

يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آتِنِي كُلَّ مَا سَأَلْتُكَ وَ رَغِبْتُ إِلَيْكَ فِيهِ فَإِنَّكَ أَمَرْتَنِي بِالدُّعَاءِ وَ تَكَفَّلْتَ لِي بِالْإِجَابَةِ .

O Allah-azwj! O Beneficent! Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww, and upon the People-asws of the Household of Muhammad-saww, and Give me everything what I have asked for, and hoped to you with regards to it, for You-azwj have Commanded me with the supplication and Guaranteed me with its Answering’.[21]

(4)

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ مِسْكِينٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ شِمْرٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) يَقُولُ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ إِذَا أَهَلَّ هِلَالَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ أَقْبَلَ إِلَى الْقِبْلَةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ

Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Husayn, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Al Hakam Bin Miskeen who said, ‘Amro Bin Shimr narrated to me saying,

‘I heard Abu Abdullah-asws saying: ‘Amir Al-Momineen-asws, whenever the crescent of the Month of Ramazan commenced, used to face towards the Qiblah, then would say;

اللَّهُمَّ أَهِلَّهُ عَلَيْنَا بِالْأَمْنِ وَ الْإِيمَانِ وَ السَّلَامَةِ وَ الْإِسْلَامِ وَ الْعَافِيَةِ الْمُجَلِّلَةِ اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنَا صِيَامَهُ وَ قِيَامَهُ وَ تِلَاوَةَ الْقُرْآنِ فِيهِ اللَّهُمَّ سَلِّمْهُ لَنَا وَ تَسَلَّمْهُ مِنَّا وَ سَلِّمْنَا فِيهِ .

‘O Allah-azwj! Commence upon us with the Favours, and the faith, and the safety, and Al-Islam, and the good spirited health. O Allah-azwj! Grace us its Fasts, and its establishment, and recitation of the Quran therein. O Allah-azwj! Give it as a safety for us, and Receive it back in safety from us, and Keep us safe therein’.[22]

(5)

عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ كَانَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) يَدْعُو بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ

Ali, from his father, from Ismail Bin Marrar, from Yunus, from Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Muslim and Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin Is’haq, from Sa’dan, from Abu Baseer who said,

‘Abu Abdullah-asws used to supplicate with this supplication during the Month of Ramazan:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي بِكَ أَتَوَسَّلُ وَ مِنْكَ أَطْلُبُ حَاجَتِي مَنْ طَلَبَ حَاجَةً إِلَى النَّاسِ فَإِنِّي لَا أَطْلُبُ حَاجَتِي إِلَّا مِنْكَ وَحْدَكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ وَ أَسْأَلُكَ بِفَضْلِكَ وَ رِضْوَانِكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ

‘O Allah-azwj! It is to You-azwj I beseech, and from You-azwj I seek my needs. (There are) ones who seek needs to the people, but I-asws do not seek my-asws needs except from You-azwj and You-azwj Alone, there being no associates for You-azwj; and I-asws ask You-azwj with Your-azwj Grace and Your-azwj Pleasure, that You-azwj Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household.

وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ لِي فِي عَامِي هَذَا إِلَى بَيْتِكَ الْحَرَامِ سَبِيلًا حَجَّةً مَبْرُورَةً مُتَقَبَّلَةً زَاكِيَةً خَالِصَةً لَكَ تُقِرُّ بِهَا عَيْنِي وَ تَرْفَعُ بِهَا دَرَجَتِي وَ تَرْزُقُنِي أَنْ أَغُضَّ بَصَرِي وَ أَنْ أَحْفَظَ فَرْجِي وَ أَنْ أَكُفَّ بِهَا عَنْ جَمِيعِ مَحَارِمِكَ حَتَّى لَا يَكُونَ شَيْ‏ءٌ آثَرَ عِنْدِي مِنْ طَاعَتِكَ وَ خَشْيَتِكَ وَ الْعَمَلِ بِمَا أَحْبَبْتَ وَ التَّرْكِ لِمَا كَرِهْتَ وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنْهُ

And if You-azwj were to Make for me-asws, in this year of mine-asws, a way to Your-azwj Sacred House for Hajj which is correct, Accepted, pure, sincerely for You-azwj, my-asws eyes would be delighted by it, and my-asws Level would be raised by it. Grace me-asws that I-asws should lower my-asws gaze, and that I-asws should preserve my-asws private parts, and that I-asws should refrain by it from the entirety of Your-azwj Prohibitions until there does not happen to be anything more preferable in my-asws presence that obedience to You-azwj, and fearing You-azwj, and acting with what You-azwj Love, and leaving what You-azwj Abhor and Forbid from.

وَ اجْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فِي يُسْرٍ وَ يَسَارٍ وَ عَافِيَةٍ وَ أَوْزِعْنِي شُكْرَ مَا أَنْعَمْتَ بِهِ عَلَيَّ وَ أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ وَفَاتِي قَتْلًا فِي سَبِيلِكَ تَحْتَ رَايَةِ نَبِيِّكَ مَعَ أَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تَقْتُلَ بِي أَعْدَاءَكَ وَ أَعْدَاءَ رَسُولِكَ وَ أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُكْرِمَنِي بِهَوَانِ مَنْ شِئْتَ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ وَ لَا تُهِنِّي بِكَرَامَةِ أَحَدٍ مِنْ أَوْلِيَائِكَ

And Make that to be in difficulty and ease, and good health, and Apportion gratefulness to me-asws for whatever You-azwj have Favoured with upon me-asws. And, I-asws ask You-azwj that You-azwj Make my-asws passing away as one killed in Your-azwj Way, under the flag of Your-azwj Prophet-saww, along with Your-azwj friends. And, I-asws ask You-azwj that You-saww Kill by me-asws, Your-azwj enemies and the enemies of Your-azwj Rasool-saww. And, I-asws ask You-azwj that You-azwj Honour me-asws by Humiliating whoever You-azwj so Desire to from Your-azwj creatures, and do not by Honouring anyone from Your-azwj friends.

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ لِي مَعَ الرَّسُولِ سَبِيلًا حَسْبِيَ اللَّهُ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ .

O Allah-azwj! Make a way to be for me-asws with the Rasools-saww. Sufficient for me-asws is Allah-azwj, whatever He-azwj so Desires to’.[23]

(6)

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ رِجَالِهِ أَنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) كَانَ يَدْعُو بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ

Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Husayn, from Ja’far Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Abdul Rahman Bin Bashir, from one of his men that,

‘Ali-asws Bin Al-Husayn-asws used to supplicate with this supplication during every day from the Month of Ramazan:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ هَذَا شَهْرُ الصِّيَامِ وَ هَذَا شَهْرُ الْإِنَابَةِ وَ هَذَا شَهْرُ التَّوْبَةِ وَ هَذَا شَهْرُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ وَ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ هَذَا شَهْرُ الْعِتْقِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَ الْفَوْزِ بِالْجَنَّةِ

‘O Allah-azwj! This is the Month of Ramazan, and this is the month of the Fasts, and this is the month of the representation, and this is the month of the repentance, and this is the month of the Forgiveness and the Mercy, and this is the month of emancipation from the Fire and the success with the Paradise.

اللَّهُمَّ فَسَلِّمْهُ لِي وَ تَسَلَّمْهُ مِنِّي وَ أَعِنِّي عَلَيْهِ بِأَفْضَلِ عَوْنِكَ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِطَاعَتِكَ وَ فَرِّغْنِي فِيهِ لِعِبَادَتِكَ وَ دُعَائِكَ وَ تِلَاوَةِ كِتَابِكَ وَ أَعْظِمْ لِي فِيهِ الْبَرَكَةَ وَ أَحْسِنْ لِي فِيهِ الْعَاقِبَةَ وَ أَصِحَّ لِي فِيهِ بَدَنِي وَ أَوْسِعْ فِيهِ رِزْقِي وَ اكْفِنِي فِيهِ مَا أَهَمَّنِي وَ اسْتَجِبْ لِي فِيهِ دُعَائِي وَ بَلِّغْنِي فِيهِ رَجَائِي

O Allah-azwj! Therefore, submit it to me-asws and receive it from me-asws, and aid me over it with the Grace, and Incline me-asws in it for being obedient to You-azwj, and Free me-asws for Your-azwj worship, and Your-azwj supplication, and recitation of Your-azwj book; and Magnify for me-asws the Blessings in it, and better the end-results for me-asws in it, and correct my-asws body for me-asws in it, and Expand my-asws sustenance in it, and Suffice for me-asws for what concerns me-asws, and Answer my-asws supplication for me-asws in it, and Make my-asws hopes reach fruition in it.

اللَّهُمَّ أَذْهِبْ عَنِّي فِيهِ النُّعَاسَ وَ الْكَسَلَ وَ السَّأْمَةَ وَ الْفَتْرَةَ وَ الْقَسْوَةَ وَ الْغَفْلَةَ وَ الْغِرَّةَ اللَّهُمَّ جَنِّبْنِي فِيهِ الْعِلَلَ وَ الْأَسْقَامَ وَ الْهُمُومَ وَ الْأَحْزَانَ وَ الْأَعْرَاضَ وَ الْأَمْرَاضَ وَ الْخَطَايَا وَ الذُّنُوبَ وَ اصْرِفْ عَنِّي فِيهِ السُّوءَ وَ الْفَحْشَاءَ وَ الْجَهْدَ وَ الْبَلَاءَ وَ التَّعَبَ وَ الْعَنَاءَ إِنَّكَ سَمِيعُ الدُّعَاءِ

O Allah-azwj! Remove from me-asws therein, the laziness, and the indolence, and the tiredness, and the indifference, and the cruelty, and the negligence, and the deception. O Allah-azwj! Keep aside from me-asws therein, the aches, and the illnesses, and the worries, and the grief, and the symptoms, and the diseases, and the errors, and the sins. And, Repel from me-asws, the evil, and the immoralities, and denials, and the afflictions, and the exhaustion, and the tiredness, You-azwj are the Hearer of the supplications.

اللَّهُمَّ أَعِذْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ وَ هَمْزِهِ وَ لَمْزِهِ وَ نَفْثِهِ وَ نَفْخِهِ وَ وَسْوَاسِهِ وَ كَيْدِهِ وَ مَكْرِهِ وَ حِيَلِهِ وَ أَمَانِيِّهِ وَ خُدَعِهِ وَ غُرُورِهِ وَ فِتْنَتِهِ وَ رَجْلِهِ وَ شَرَكِهِ وَ أَعْوَانِهِ وَ أَتْبَاعِهِ وَ أَخْدَانِهِ وَ أَشْيَاعِهِ وَ أَوْلِيَائِهِ وَ شُرَكَائِهِ وَ جَمِيعِ كَيْدِهِمْ

O Allah-azwj! Shelter me-asws therein from the Pelted Satanla, and hisla slandering, and hisla defaming, and hisla whispering, and hisla blowings, and hisla indecisiveness, and hisla traps, and hisla plans, and hisla tricks, and hisla betrayals, and hisla deceptions, and hisla vanities, and hisla ‘فِتْنَتِهِ’ strife, and hisla infantry, and hisla associates, and hisla helpers, and hisla followers, and hisla deceivers, and hisla adherents, and hisla friends, and hisla partners, and the entirety of hisla plots.

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ تَمَامَ صِيَامِهِ وَ بُلُوغَ الْأَمَلِ فِي قِيَامِهِ وَ اسْتِكْمَالَ مَا يُرْضِيكَ فِيهِ صَبْراً وَ إِيمَاناً وَ يَقِيناً وَ احْتِسَاباً ثُمَّ تَقَبَّلْ ذَلِكَ مِنَّا بِالْأَضْعَافِ الْكَثِيرَةِ وَ الْأَجْرِ الْعَظِيمِ

O Allah-azwj! Grace me-asws in it, the completion of its Fasts, and the fulfilment of the deeds during its establishment, and the perfection of what Pleases You-azwj therein of patience, and faith, and conviction, and anticipation, then Accept that from us-asws with the abundant increase, and the magnificent Recompense.

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ الْجِدَّ وَ الِاجْتِهَادَ وَ الْقُوَّةَ وَ النَّشَاطَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ وَ الرَّهْبَةَ وَ الْجَزَعَ وَ الرِّقَّةَ وَ صِدْقَ اللِّسَانِ وَ الْوَجَلَ مِنْكَ وَ الرَّجَاءَ لَكَ وَ التَّوَكُّلَ عَلَيْكَ وَ الثِّقَةَ بِكَ وَ الْوَرَعَ عَنْ مَحَارِمِكَ بِصَالِحِ الْقَوْلِ وَ مَقْبُولِ السَّعْيِ وَ مَرْفُوعِ الْعَمَلِ وَ مُسْتَجَابِ الدُّعَاءِ وَ لَا تَحُلْ بَيْنِي وَ بَيْنَ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ بِعَرَضٍ وَ لَا مَرَضٍ وَ لَا هَمٍّ وَ لَا غَمٍّ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

O Allah-azwj! Grace me-asws in it, the struggling, and the striving, and the strength, and the activity, and the representation, and the repentance, and the desire, and the dread, and the dismay, and the tenderness, and the truthfulness of the tongue, and the scruples from You-azwj, and the wishing to You-azwj, and the reliance upon You-azwj, and the steadfastness with You-azwj, and the abstinence from Your-azwj Prohibition by the correct speech, and the Accepted works, and the raising of the deeds, and the Answering of the supplications. And, do not Permit between me-asws and anything from that, by an accident, nor an illness, nor a worry, nor a grief, by Your-azwj Mercy, O Most Merciful of the merciful ones’.[24]

Those Who Cannot Fast (Due to Advance Age/being Unwell)

عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن عبد الملك بن عتبة الهاشمي قال: سألت أبا الحسن (عليه السلام) عن الشيخ الكبير والعجوز الكبيرة التي تضعف عن الصوم في شهر رمضان، قال: تصدق في كل يوم بمد حنطة.

Imam Aba Al-Hassan-asws said, those who cannot, among men and women, keep fast in the month of Ramazan, they should give away alms equivalent to one ‘Mud’[25] wheat for every lapsed fast.[26]

Supplication Prior to breaking of Fast

(1)

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ آبَائِهِ ( عليهم السلام ) أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) كَانَ إِذَا أَفْطَرَ قَالَ

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Al Nowfaly, from Al Sakuny,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws, from his-asws forefathers-asws that Rasool-Allah-saww, whenever he-saww used to break Fast, said:

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْنَا وَ عَلَى رِزْقِكَ أَفْطَرْنَا فَتَقَبَّلْهُ مِنَّا ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَ ابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ وَ بَقِيَ الْأَجْرُ

‘O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj, we Fast, and upon Your-azwj sustenance we break, therefore Accept it from us. The thirst is gone, and the veins are wet, and the Recompense remains (outstanding)’.[27]

(2)

الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ تَقُولُ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عِنْدَ الْإِفْطَارِ إِلَى آخِرِهِ

Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin Is’haq, from Sa’dan, from Abu Baseer,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘One should be saying during every night from the Month of Ramazan, during the breaking of the Fast up to its end:

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَعَانَنَا فَصُمْنَا وَ رَزَقَنَا فَأَفْطَرْنَا اللَّهُمَّ تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا وَ أَعِنَّا عَلَيْهِ وَ سَلِّمْنَا فِيهِ وَ تَسَلَّمْهُ مِنَّا فِي يُسْرٍ مِنْكَ وَ عَافِيَةٍ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي قَضَى عَنَّا يَوْماً مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ .

‘The Praise is for Allah-azwj, Who Aided us, so we Fasted, and Graced us, so we broke. O Allah-azwj! Accept from us, and Aid us upon it, and Secure us in it, and Receive is from us in ease from You-azwj and good health. The Praise is for Allah-azwj, Who Accomplished for us one day from the Month of Ramazan’.[28]

The bathing during the Month of Ramazan

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ وَ فُضَيْلٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْغُسْلُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ عِنْدَ وُجُوبِ الشَّمْسِ قُبَيْلَهُ ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي ثُمَّ يُفْطِرُ .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Hammad Bin Isa, from Hareyz, from Zurara and Fuzayl,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws having said: ‘The bathing during the Month of Ramazan is during the setting of the sun, shortly before it. Then one should Pray, then break the Fast’.[29]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) كَمْ أَغْتَسِلُ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ لَيْلَةً قَالَ لَيْلَةَ تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ وَ لَيْلَةَ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ قَالَ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ شَقَّ عَلَيَّ قَالَ فِي إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ شَقَّ عَلَيَّ قَالَ حَسْبُكَ الْآنَ .

Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan, from Safwan Bin Yahya, from Mansour Bin Hazim, from Suleyman Bin Khalid who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws, ‘In how many nights should one bathe during the Month of Ramazan?’ He-asws said: ‘The night of 19th, and night of 21st and 23rd’. I said, ‘Supposing it was difficult upon me?’ He-asws said: ‘During 21st and 23rd’. I said, ‘Supposing it was (still) difficult upon me?’ He-asws said: ‘Enough, now!’[30]

صَفْوَانُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ اللَّيْلَةِ الَّتِي يُطْلَبُ فِيهَا مَا يُطْلَبُ مَتَى الْغُسْلُ فَقَالَ مِنْ أَوَّلِ اللَّيْلِ وَ إِنْ شِئْتَ حَيْثُ تَقُومُ مِنْ آخِرِهِ وَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْقِيَامِ فَقَالَ تَقُومُ فِي أَوَّلِهِ وَ آخِرِهِ .

Safwan Bin Yahya, from Ays Bin Al Qasim who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws about the night in which to seek what is sought, when to bathe?’ So he-asws said: ‘From the beginning of the night; and if you so desire to, when you are standing (for Prayer) at its end’. And I asked him-asws about the standing (for the Prayer), so he-asws said: ‘You should be standing during its beginning and its end’.[31]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) قَالَ الْغُسْلُ فِي لَيَالٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ وَ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ أُصِيبَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ فِي لَيْلَةِ تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ وَ قُبِضَ فِي لَيْلَةِ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ وَ الْغُسْلُ فِي أَوَّلِ لَيْلَةٍ وَ هُوَ يُجْزِئُ إِلَى آخِرِهِ .

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn and Safwan Bin yahya, and Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Al A’ala Bin Razeyn, from Muhammad Bin Muslim,

(It has been narrated) from one of the two (5th or 6th Imam-asws) having said: ‘The bathing during a night from the Month of Ramazan is during the 19th, and 21st, and 23rd. And, Amir Al-Momineen-asws was injured during the night of the 19th, and he-asws passed away during the night of the 21st’. He-asws said: ‘The bathing is during the beginning of a night, and it suffices up to its end’.[32]

The Devotion during the Last Days of the Month of Ramazan:

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إِذَا دَخَلَ الْعَشْرُ الْأَوَاخِرُ شَدَّ الْمِئْزَرَ وَ اجْتَنَبَ النِّسَاءَ وَ أَحْيَا اللَّيْلَ وَ تَفَرَّغَ لِلْعِبَادَةِ .

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Usman Bin Isa, from Sama’at, from Abu Baseer who said,

‘Abu Abdullah-asws said: ‘Rasool-Allah-saww, whenever the last days (of a Month of Ramazan) entered, would tighten the gown, and keep away from the women, and revive the night, and be free for the worship’.[33]

Laylat Al-Qadr (the Night of Pre-determnation)

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ حَسَّانَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ فَقَالَ الْتَمِسْهَا فِي لَيْلَةِ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ أَوْ لَيْلَةِ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ .

A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Hassan Bin Mihran,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws, said, ‘I asked him-asws about the Night of Pre-determination, so he-asws said: ‘Seek it during the night of the 21st, or the night of 23rd’.[34]

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْجَوْهَرِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَصِيرٍ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ اللَّيْلَةُ الَّتِي يُرْجَى فِيهَا مَا يُرْجَى فَقَالَ فِي إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ أَوْ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ قَالَ فَإِنْ لَمْ أَقْوَ عَلَى كِلْتَيْهِمَا فَقَالَ مَا أَيْسَرَ لَيْلَتَيْنِ فِيمَا تَطْلُبُ قُلْتُ فَرُبَّمَا رَأَيْنَا الْهِلَالَ عِنْدَنَا وَ جَاءَنَا مَنْ يُخْبِرُنَا بِخِلَافِ ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَرْضٍ أُخْرَى فَقَالَ مَا أَيْسَرَ أَرْبَعَ لَيَالٍ تَطْلُبُهَا فِيهَا

Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Qasim Bin Muhammad Al Jowhary, from Ali Bin Abu Hamza Al Sumaly who said,

‘I was in the presence of Abu Abdullah-asws, so Abu Baseer said to him-asws, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! The night during which one hopes for what is hoped for?’ So he-asws said: ‘During the 21st or 23rd’. He said, ‘Supposing I am not strong enough upon both these nights?’ So he-asws said: ‘What is easier than two nights regarding who you seek?’ I said, ‘Sometimes we see the crescent with us, and there come to us the ones who inform us with the opposite of that, from another land’. So he-asws said; ‘What is easier than four nights for you to seek therein’.

قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ لَيْلَةُ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةُ الْجُهَنِيِّ فَقَالَ إِنَّ ذَلِكَ لَيُقَالُ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ إِنَّ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ خَالِدٍ رَوَى فِي تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ يُكْتَبُ وَفْدُ الْحَاجِّ فَقَالَ لِي يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَفْدُ الْحَاجِّ يُكْتَبُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ الْمَنَايَا وَ الْبَلَايَا وَ الْأَرْزَاقُ وَ مَا يَكُونُ إِلَى مِثْلِهَا فِي قَابِلٍ فَاطْلُبْهَا فِي لَيْلَةِ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ صَلِّ فِي كُلِّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهُمَا مِائَةَ رَكْعَةٍ وَ أَحْيِهِمَا إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ إِلَى النُّورِ وَ اغْتَسِلْ فِيهِمَا

I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! The night of the 23rd is a night of Al-Juhanny’. So he-asws said: ‘That is what it is called’. I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! Suleyman Bin Khalid is reporting regarding the 19th that the delegations of the Hajj are Ordained therein?’  So he-asws said to me: ‘O Abu Muhammad! The delegations of the Hajj are Ordained during the night of the Pre-destination (Laylat Al-Qadr), and the immunities, and the afflictions, and the livelihoods and whatever is to transpire up to the like of it during the coming year. Therefore, seek in during the night of the 21st, and 23rd, and Pray during each one of these two, one hundred Cycles, and stay awake during it in accordance to your ability up to the daylight, and bathe during these two’.

قَالَ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ لَمْ أَقْدِرْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ وَ أَنَا قَائِمٌ قَالَ فَصَلِّ وَ أَنْتَ جَالِسٌ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ لَمْ أَسْتَطِعْ قَالَ فَعَلَى فِرَاشِكَ لَا عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَكْتَحِلَ أَوَّلَ اللَّيْلِ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ النَّوْمِ إِنَّ أَبْوَابَ السَّمَاءِ تُفَتَّحُ فِي رَمَضَانَ وَ تُصَفَّدُ الشَّيَاطِينُ وَ تُقْبَلُ أَعْمَالُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نِعْمَ الشَّهْرُ رَمَضَانُ كَانَ يُسَمَّى عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) الْمَرْزُوقَ .

He (the narrator) said, ‘I said: ‘Supposing I am not able upon that, and while standing (for the Prayer)?’ He-asws said: ‘So Pray, while seated’. I said, ‘Supposing I am not able?’ He-asws said: ‘So (Pray lying) upon your bed. It is not upon you that you indulge with something from the sleep during the beginning of the night. The Gateways of the skies are opened during Ramazan, and the devils are chained, and the deeds of the believers are Accepted. The best of the Months is Ramazan. It used to be referred to, in the era of Rasool-Allah-azwj, as Al-Marzooq (The Month in which sustenance is Determined)’.[35]

Salat during the 21st and 23rd of Month of Ramazan:

(1)

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ ( عليه السلام ) صَلِّ لَيْلَةَ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ لَيْلَةَ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ مِائَةَ رَكْعَةٍ تَقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ .

Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Husayn Bin Saeed, from Al Hassan, from Suleyman Al Ja’fary who said,

‘Abu Al-Hassan-asws said: ‘Pray one hundred Cycles in the night of 21st and the night of 23rd, reciting in each Cycle, [112:1] Say: He, Allah, is One (the whole Chapter), ten times’.[36]

(2)

عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُطَهَّرٍ أَنَّهُ كَتَبَ إِلَى أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليه السلام ) يُخْبِرُهُ بِمَا جَاءَتْ بِهِ الرِّوَايَةُ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَ غَيْرِهِ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ ثَلَاثَ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً مِنْهَا الْوَتْرُ وَ رَكْعَتَا الْفَجْرِ

Ali Bin Muhammad,

(It has been narrated) from Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Mutahhar who wrote to Abu Muhammad-asws informing him-asws with what had come with the reports that the Prophet-saww used to Pray during a Month of Ramazan, and others, from the night, thirteen Cycles, from these was the solitary, and two Cycles of Al-Fajr’.

فَكَتَبَ ( عليه السلام ) فَضَّ اللَّهُ فَاهُ صَلَّى مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي عِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ عِشْرِينَ رَكْعَةً ثَمَانِيَ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَ اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ بَعْدَ الْعِشَاءَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ اغْتَسَلَ لَيْلَةَ تِسْعَ عَشْرَةَ وَ لَيْلَةَ إِحْدَى وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ لَيْلَةَ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ وَ صَلَّى فِيهِمَا ثَلَاثِينَ رَكْعَةً اثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ بَعْدَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَ ثَمَانِيَ عَشْرَةَ بَعْدَ عِشَاءِ الْآخِرَةِ وَ صَلَّى فِيهِمَا مِائَةَ رَكْعَةٍ يَقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ فَاتِحَةَ الْكِتَابِ وَ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ وَ صَلَّى إِلَى آخِرِ الشَّهْرِ كُلَّ لَيْلَةٍ ثَلَاثِينَ رَكْعَةً كَمَا فَسَّرْتُ لَكَ .

So he-asws wrote: ‘May Allah-azwj Break his mouth. Rasool Allah-saww Prayed from a Month of Ramazan, during the twenty nights, each night twenty Cycles, eight being after Al-Magrib, and twelve after Al-Isha the last; and he-saww bathed the night of 19th, and night of twenty first, and night of 23rd, and he-saww Prayed in these thirty Cycles, twelve being after Al-Maghrib, and eighteen being after Isha the last, and he-saww Prayed one hundred Cycles in these, reciting in each Cycle, the Opening of the Book (Chapter 1), and [112:1] Say: He, Allah, is One (the whole Chapter), ten times, and he-saww Prayed up to the end of the Month, each night, thirty Cycles, just as I-asws have explained it to you’.[37]

The Supplication during the last ten (days) of a Month of Ramazan

(1)

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ عَنْهُمْ ( عليهم السلام ) دُعَاءُ الْعَشْرِ الْأَوَاخِرِ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْأُولَى يَا مُولِجَ اللَّيْلِ فِي النَّهَارِ وَ مُولِجَ النَّهَارِ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَ مُخْرِجَ الْحَيِّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَ مُخْرِجَ الْمَيِّتِ مِنَ الْحَيِّ يَا رَازِقَ مَنْ يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحِيمُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ

Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Husayn, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Ayoub Bin Yaqteen, or someone else,

(It has been narrated) from them-asws (One of the Imams-asws) having said: ‘A supplication for the last ten (days of Month of Ramazan), you should be saying during the first night, ‘O the One Who Causes the entry of the night into the day, and the entry of the day into the night, and the Exractor of the living from the dead, and the Extractor of the dead from the living! O the One Who Sustains whoever He-azwj so Desires to without measure. O Allah-asws! O Beneficent! O Allah-azwj! O Merciful! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj!

لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً

For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Exalted Examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness! I hereby as plead to You-azwj that You-azwj Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and that You-azwj should Make my name, in this night, to be among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my disobedience having been Forgiven.

وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يَذْهَبُ بِالشَّكِّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنَا فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام )

and that You-azwj should Endow conviction unto me to gladden my heart by it, and faith with doubts having been removed from me, and Cause me to be pleased with whatever You-azwj have Distributed for me, and Give me goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save me from the Incinerating Punishment, and Grace us therein with Your-azwj remembrance, and gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hopefulness to You-azwj, and the representation, and the inclination towards whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ يَا سَالِخَ النَّهَارِ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَإِذَا نَحْنُ مُظْلِمُونَ وَ مُجْرِيَ الشَّمْسِ لِمُسْتَقَرِّهَا بِتَقْدِيرِكَ يَا عَزِيزُ يَا عَلِيمُ وَ مُقَدِّرَ الْقَمَرِ مَنَازِلَ حَتَّى عَادَ كَالْعُرْجُونِ الْقَدِيمِ يَا نُورَ كُلِّ نُورٍ وَ مُنْتَهَى كُلِّ رَغْبَةٍ وَ وَلِيَّ كُلِّ نِعْمَةٍ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا قُدُّوسُ يَا أَحَدُ يَا وَاحِدُ يَا فَرْدُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا ثُمَّ تَعُودُ إِلَى الدُّعَاءِ الْأَوَّلِ إِلَى قَوْلِهِ أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ إِلَى آخِرِ الدُّعَاءِ

And you should be saying during the second night, ‘O Creator of the day from the night, so we are in darkness, and the sun Flows to is Oradined course by You-azwj Measurement! O Mighty! O Knowledgeable, and the Ordainer of the moon [36:39] stages till it becomes again as an old dry palm branch. O Light of every light, and the destination of every hope, and the Provider of every Bounty! O Allah-azwj! O Beneficent! O Allah-azwj! O Holy! O One! O Alone! O Solitary! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj!

For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names and the Exalted Examples!’ Then you should return to the first supplication up to his-asws words, ‘I hereby ask You-azwj that You-azwj should Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and the People-asws of his-saww Household’ – up to the end of the supplication.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ يَا رَبَّ لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ وَ جَاعِلَهَا خَيْراً مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ وَ رَبَّ اللَّيْلِ وَ النَّهَارِ وَ الْجِبَالِ وَ الْبِحَارِ وَ الظُّلَمِ وَ الْأَنْوَارِ وَ الْأَرْضِ وَ السَّمَاءِ يَا بَارِئُ يَا مُصَوِّرُ يَا حَنَّانُ يَا مَنَّانُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا قَيُّومُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا بَدِيعُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ

‘And you should be saying during the third night, ‘O Lord-azwj of the Night of Pre-destination, and Maker of it to be better than a thousand months, and Lord-azwj of the night, and the day, and the mountains, and the oceans, and the darknesses, and the lights, and the earth, and the sky! O Designer! O Fashioner! O Affectionate! O Benefactor! O Allah-azwj! O Beneficent! O Allah-azwj! O Eternal! O Allah-azwj! O Initiator! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names and the Lofty Examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness!

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام ) .

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.[38]

(2)

ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي الدُّعَاءِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ تَقُولُ

Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Muhammad Bin Atiyya,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws regarding the supplication in a Month of Ramazan, during every night: ‘You should be saying,

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ فِيمَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ الْمَحْتُومِ فِي الْأَمْرِ الْحَكِيمِ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ الَّذِي لَا يُرَدُّ وَ لَا يُبَدَّلُ أَنْ تَكْتُبَنِي مِنْ حُجَّاجِ بَيْتِكَ الْحَرَامِ الْمَبْرُورِ حَجُّهُمْ الْمُكَفَّرِ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتُهُمْ الْمَغْفُورِ ذُنُوبُهُمْ الْمَشْكُورِ سَعْيُهُمْ

‘O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj regarding what You-azwj have Judged, and Measured out from the Ordained matters, regarding the Wise matters from the Determination which are neither returned, nor exchanged, that You-azwj Write for me to be from the Pilgrims of Your-azwj Sacred House, whose Hajj is Accepted from them, their wickedness having been expiated from them, their sins being Forgiven from them, their striving being Appreciated from them.

وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ فِي مَا تَقْضِي وَ تُقَدِّرُ مِنَ الْأَمْرِ الْمَحْتُومِ فِي الْأَمْرِ الْحَكِيمِ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ مِنَ الْقَضَاءِ الَّذِي لَا يُرَدُّ وَ لَا يُبَدَّلُ أَنْ تُطِيلَ عُمُرِي وَ أَنْ تُوَسِّعَ عَلَيَّ فِي رِزْقِي وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَنِي مِمَّنْ تَنْتَصِرُ بِهِ لِدِينِكَ وَ لَا تَسْتَبْدِلْ بِي غَيْرِي .

And, that You-azwj Make, with regards to whatever You-azwj Judged for me, and Measured out from the Ordained matters, regarding the Wise matters during the Night of Pre-destination, from the Judgements which are neither returned nor exchanged, that You-azwj Prolong my life-span, and Expand upon me in my sustenance, and Make me to be from the ones by whom Your-azwj Religion is helped by, and not Replace me with others’.[39]

(3)

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى بِإِسْنَادِهِ عَنِ الصَّالِحِينَ ( عليهم السلام ) قَالَ تُكَرِّرُ فِي لَيْلَةِ ثَلَاثٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ هَذَا الدُّعَاءَ سَاجِداً وَ قَائِماً وَ قَاعِداً وَ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ وَ فِي الشَّهْرِ كُلِّهِ وَ كَيْفَ أَمْكَنَكَ وَ مَتَى حَضَرَكَ مِنْ دَهْرِكَ تَقُولُ بَعْدَ تَحْمِيدِ اللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى وَ الصَّلَاةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) اللَّهُمَّ كُنْ لِوَلِيِّكَ فُلَانِ بْنِ فُلَانٍ فِي هَذِهِ السَّاعَةِ وَ فِي كُلِّ سَاعَةٍ وَلِيّاً وَ حَافِظاً وَ نَاصِراً وَ دَلِيلًا وَ قَاعِداً وَ عَوْناً وَ عَيْناً حَتَّى تُسْكِنَهُ أَرْضَكَ طَوْعاً وَ تُمَتِّعَهُ فِيهَا طَوِيلًا

Muhammad Bin Isa, by his chain,

(It has been narrated) from the Righteous Ones-asws having said: ‘You should keep repeating this supplication during the night of the 23rd Ramazan, prostrate, standing, and seating, and upon every state, and during the Month, whole of it, and howsoever it is possible for you, and whenever you are presented with your times, saying after the Praise of Allah-azwj Blessed and High, and the Belessings upon the Prophet-saww, ‘O Allah-azwj! Be, for You-azwj Guardian, so and so (12th Imam-asws), during this time, and during every time, a Guardian, and a Protector, and a Helper, and a Proof, and a Guide, and an Aider, and a Watcher, until You-azwj Settle him in Your-azwj earth willingly, and Cause him-asws to rejoice therein for a long time’.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ

And you should be saying during the fourth night,

 يَا فَالِقَ الْإِصْبَاحِ وَ جَاعِلَ اللَّيْلِ سَكَناً وَ الشَّمْسِ وَ الْقَمَرِ حُسْبَاناً يَا عَزِيزُ يَا عَلِيمُ يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَ الطَّوْلِ وَ الْقُوَّةِ وَ الْحَوْلِ وَ الْفَضْلِ وَ الْإِنْعَامِ وَ الْمُلْكِ وَ الْإِكْرَامِ يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَ الْإِكْرَامِ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا فَرْدُ يَا وَتْرُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا ظَاهِرُ يَا بَاطِنُ يَا حَيُّ يَا لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ

‘O Splitter of the mornings, and Maker of the night as a tranquility, and the sun and the moon for calculations! O Mighty! O Knowledgeable! O the One with Favours, and the Extensiveness, and the Strength, and the Awe, and the Grace, and the Bounties, and the Kingdom, and the Benevolence! O the One with Majesty, and the Benevolence! O Allah-azwj! O Beneficent! O Allah-azwj! O Solitary! O One! O Allah-azwj! O Manifest! O Hidden! O living! O, there is no god except for You-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Lofty examples, and the Greatness!

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يَذْهَبُ بِالشَّكِّ عَنِّي وَ رِضًا بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام )

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be in with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْخَامِسَةِ

And you should be saying during the fifth night,

يَا جَاعِلَ اللَّيْلِ لِبَاساً وَ النَّهَارِ مَعَاشاً وَ الْأَرْضِ مِهَاداً وَ الْجِبَالِ أَوْتَاداً يَا اللَّهُ يَا قَاهِرُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا جَبَّارُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا سَمِيعُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا قَرِيبُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا مُجِيبُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ

‘O the One Who Made the night as a covering, and the day for livelihood, and the earth as an expanse, and the mountains as pegs! O Allah-azwj! O Originator! O Allah-azwj! O Compeller! O Allah-azwj! O Listener! O Allah-azwj! O Near one! O Allah-azwj! O Answerer! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Lofty examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness.

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ رِضًا بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام )

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ السَّادِسَةِ

And you should be saying during the sixth night,

يَا جَاعِلَ اللَّيْلِ وَ النَّهَارِ آيَتَيْنِ يَا مَنْ مَحَا آيَةَ اللَّيْلِ وَ جَعَلَ آيَةَ النَّهَارِ مُبْصِرَةً لِتَبْتَغُوا فَضْلًا مِنْهُ وَ رِضْوَاناً يَا مُفَصِّلَ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ تَفْصِيلًا يَا مَاجِدُ يَا وَهَّابُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا جَوَادُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ

‘O Allah-azwj! O the One Who Made the night and the day as two signs! O the One Who Deletes the sign of the night and Makes a sign of the day to be visualised, in order for them (people) to seek Grace from it, and (Divine) Pleasure! O Decider of everything with a detailed Decision! O Glorious! O Endower! O Allah-azwj! O benevolent! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Lofty examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness.

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام )

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ السَّابِعَةِ

And you should be saying during the seventh night,

يَا مَادَّ الظِّلِّ وَ لَوْ شِئْتَ لَجَعَلْتَهُ سَاكِناً وَ جَعَلْتَ الشَّمْسَ عَلَيْهِ دَلِيلًا ثُمَّ قَبَضْتَهُ إِلَيْكَ قَبْضاً يَسِيراً يَا ذَا الْجُودِ وَ الطَّوْلِ وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَ الْآلَاءِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَ الشَّهَادَةِ الرَّحْمَنُ الرَّحِيمُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ يَا قُدُّوسُ يَا سَلَامُ يَا مُؤْمِنُ يَا مُهَيْمِنُ يَا عَزِيزُ يَا جَبَّارُ يَا مُتَكَبِّرُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا خَالِقُ يَا بَارِئُ يَا مُصَوِّرُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ

‘O the One Who Extends the shade, and day You-azwj so Desired to, You-azwj would have Made it to be stationary, and Made the sun to be an evidence over it. Then You-azwj Capture it to Yourself-saww with an easy capture. O the One with the benevolence, and the Extensiveness, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness. There is no god except for You-azwj, the Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Merciful. There is no god except for You-azwj, O Holy, O Grantor of safety, O Grantor of security, O Controller, O Honourable, O Compeller, O Supreme! O Allah-azwj! O Creator! O Maker! O Fashioner! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Lofty examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness.

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام )

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الثَّامِنَةِ

And you should be saying during the eighth night,

يَا خَازِنَ اللَّيْلِ فِي الْهَوَاءِ وَ خَازِنَ النُّورِ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَ مَانِعَ السَّمَاءِ أَنْ تَقَعَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ وَ حَابِسَهُمَا أَنْ تَزُولَا يَا عَلِيمُ يَا غَفُورُ يَا دَائِمُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا وَارِثُ يَا بَاعِثَ مَنْ فِي الْقُبُورِ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ

‘O Treasurer of the night in the atmosphere, and the Treasurer of the light in the sky, and the Preventor of the sky from falling upon the earth except by His-azwj Permission, and the Withholder of them both from declining. O Knowledgeable! O Forgiver! O Eternal! O Allah-azwj! O Inheritor! O Resurrector of the ones who are in the graves! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Lofty examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness.

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام )

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ التَّاسِعَةِ

And you should be saying during the ninth night,

يَا مُكَوِّرَ اللَّيْلِ عَلَى النَّهَارِ وَ مُكَوِّرَ النَّهَارِ عَلَى اللَّيْلِ يَا عَلِيمُ يَا حَكِيمُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا رَبَّ الْأَرْبَابِ وَ سَيِّدَ السَّادَاتِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ يَا أَقْرَبَ إِلَيَّ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ

‘O Coverer of the night upon the day, and the Coverer of the day upon the night! O Knowledgeable! O Wise! O Allah-azwj! O Lord of the lords, and Chief of the chiefs! There is no god except for You-azwj! O the One Who is nearer to me than the jugular vein! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Lofty examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness.

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام )

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.

وَ تَقُولُ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْعَاشِرَةِ

And you should be saying during the tenth night,

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَمَا يَنْبَغِي لِكَرَمِ وَجْهِهِ وَ عِزِّ جَلَالِهِ وَ كَمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ يَا قُدُّوسُ يَا نُورَ الْقُدْسِ يَا سُبُّوحُ يَا مُنْتَهَى التَّسْبِيحِ يَا رَحْمَانُ يَا فَاعِلَ الرَّحْمَةِ يَا عَلِيمُ يَا كَبِيرُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا لَطِيفُ يَا جَلِيلُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا سَمِيعُ يَا بَصِيرُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ يَا اللَّهُ لَكَ الْأَسْمَاءُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الْأَمْثَالُ الْعُلْيَا وَ الْكِبْرِيَاءُ وَ الْآلَاءُ

‘The Praise is for Allah-azwj. There are no associates for Him-azwj. The Praise is for Allah-azwj just as is befitting for the Benevolence of His-azwj Face, and the Honour of His-azwj Majesty, and just as He-azwj is Rightful for it. O Holy! O Light of Holiness! O Praiseworthy! O Final End-Point of Gloriousness! O Beneficent! O Dealer of Mercy! O Knowledgeable! O Great! O Allah-azwj! O Kind! O Majestic! O Allah-azwj! O Listener! O Seer! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj are the Beautiful Names, and the Lofty examples, and the Greatness, and the Loftiness.

أَسْأَلُكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ اسْمِي فِي هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ فِي السُّعَدَاءِ وَ رُوحِي مَعَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ إِحْسَانِي فِي عِلِّيِّينَ وَ إِسَاءَتِي مَغْفُورَةً وَ أَنْ تَهَبَ لِي يَقِيناً تُبَاشِرُ بِهِ قَلْبِي وَ إِيمَاناً يُذْهِبُ الشَّكَّ عَنِّي وَ تُرْضِيَنِي بِمَا قَسَمْتَ لِي وَ آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهَا ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ وَ الرَّغْبَةَ إِلَيْكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ وَ التَّوْبَةَ وَ التَّوْفِيقَ لِمَا وَفَّقْتَ لَهُ مُحَمَّداً وَ آلَ مُحَمَّدٍ ( عليهم السلام ) .

I ask You-azwj to Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and upon the People-asws of his-saww Household, and Make my name to be, during this night, among the fortunate ones, and my soul to be among the martyrs, and my good deeds to be with the Illiyeen, and my sins to be Forgiven, and to Endow conviction and faith to be upon me to gladden my heart by it, and Remove the doubts from me, and my being pleased with whatever You-azwj have Apportioned for me; and Grant us goodness in the world and goodness in the Hereafter, and Save us from the burning Punishment, and Grace me therein with Your-azwj Remembrance, and Gratefulness to You-azwj, and the hope to You-azwj, and the representations, and the repentance, and the inclination to whatever Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww excelled in’.[40]

Saying Farewell to the Month of Ramazan:

الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) فِي وَدَاعِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ قُلْتَ فِي كِتَابِكَ الْمُنْزَلِ شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ وَ هَذَا شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ وَ قَدْ تَصَرَّمَ فَأَسْأَلُكَ بِوَجْهِكَ الْكَرِيمِ وَ كَلِمَاتِكَ التَّامَّةِ إِنْ كَانَ بَقِيَ عَلَيَّ ذَنْبٌ لَمْ تَغْفِرْهُ لِي أَوْ تُرِيدُ أَنْ تُعَذِّبَنِي عَلَيْهِ أَوْ تُقَايِسَنِي بِهِ أَنْ يَطْلُعَ فَجْرُ هَذِهِ اللَّيْلَةِ أَوْ يَتَصَرَّمَ هَذَا الشَّهْرُ إِلَّا وَ قَدْ غَفَرْتَهُ لِي يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ

Al Husayn Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin Is’haq, from Sa’adan Bin Muslim, from Abu Baseer,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws regarding bidding farewell to a Month of Ramazan, ‘O Allah-azwj! You-azwj Said in Your-azwj Revealed Book [2:185] The Month of Ramazan is that in which the Quran was Revealed. And this is a Month of Ramazan, and it has come to an end. So I hereby ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Benevolent Face and Your-azwj Complete Word, if there were any sins remaining upon me which You-azwj have not Forgiven for me, or You-azwj Intend to Punish me upon, or Measured out to me with, do not Cause the dawn of this night to emerge, or this Month to end except that You-azwj have Forgiven me, O Most Merciful of the merciful ones.

اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ بِمَحَامِدِكَ كُلِّهَا أَوَّلِهَا وَ آخِرِهَا مَا قُلْتَ لِنَفْسِكَ مِنْهَا وَ مَا قَالَ الْخَلَائِقُ الْحَامِدُونَ الْمُجْتَهِدُونَ الْمَعْدُودُونَ الْمُوَقِّرُونَ ذِكْرَكَ وَ الشُّكْرَ لَكَ الَّذِينَ أَعَنْتَهُمْ عَلَى أَدَاءِ حَقِّكَ مِنْ أَصْنَافِ خَلْقِكَ مِنَ الْمَلَائِكَةِ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ وَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَ أَصْنَافِ النَّاطِقِينَ وَ الْمُسَبِّحِينَ لَكَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْعَالَمِينَ عَلَى أَنَّكَ بَلَّغْتَنَا شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ وَ عَلَيْنَا مِنْ نِعَمِكَ وَ عِنْدَنَا مِنْ قَسْمِكَ وَ إِحْسَانِكَ وَ تَظَاهُرِ امْتِنَانِكَ

O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj is the Praise with all its Praises, its beginning and its end, whatever You-azwj have Said for Yourself-azwj from it, and what the creatures said, the Praisers, the strivers, the diligent, the counted ones, the repeaters of Your-azwj Mention, and the ones grateful to You-azwj, those whom You-azwj have supported upon the fulfilment of Your-azwj right, from the varieties of Your-azwj creatures, from the Angels of Proximity, and the Prophets-as, and the Mursil Prophets-as, and the varieties of the speakers, and Glorifiers to You-azwj from the entirety of the worlds, upon that You-azwj Delivered to us a Month of Ramazan, and upon us from Your-azwj Bounties, and with us from Your-azwj Apportionment, and Your-azwj Favour, and expressing gratefulness to You-azwj.

فَبِذَلِكَ لَكَ مُنْتَهَى الْحَمْدِ الْخَالِدِ الدَّائِمِ الرَّاكِدِ الْمُخَلَّدِ السَّرْمَدِ الَّذِي لَا يَنْفَدُ طُولَ الْأَبَدِ جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُكَ أَعَنْتَنَا عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى قَضَيْنَا صِيَامَهُ وَ قِيَامَهُ مِنْ صَلَاةٍ وَ مَا كَانَ مِنَّا فِيهِ مِنْ بِرٍّ أَوْ شُكْرٍ أَوْ ذِكْرٍ

So, due to that, to You-azwj end the Praise, the eternal, the perpetual, the constant, the continuous, the length of which does not get interrupted ever. Majestic is Your-azwj Praise. You-azwj Supported us until we fulfilled its Fasts, and its standings from Prayers, and whatever was from us therein, from righteousness, or gratefulness, or remembrance.

اللَّهُمَّ فَتَقَبَّلْهُ مِنَّا بِأَحْسَنِ قَبُولِكَ وَ تَجَاوُزِكَ وَ عَفْوِكَ وَ صَفْحِكَ وَ غُفْرَانِكَ وَ حَقِيقَةِ رِضْوَانِكَ حَتَّى تُظْفِرَنَا فِيهِ بِكُلِّ خَيْرٍ مَطْلُوبٍ وَ جَزِيلِ عَطَاءٍ مَوْهُوبٍ وَ تُوَقِّيَنَا فِيهِ مِنْ كُلِّ مَرْهُوبٍ أَوْ بَلَاءٍ مَجْلُوبٍ أَوْ ذَنْبٍ مَكْسُوبٍ

O Allah-azwj! Accept from us with goodness of Your-azwj Acceptance, and Your-azwj Overlooking, and Your-azwj Excusing, and Your-azwj Pardoning, and Your-azwj Forgiveness, and reality of Your-azwj Pleasure, until we become successful in it with every goodness sought, with the Grants of beloved gifts, and Save us therein from every phobia, or affliction, or sin earned.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِعَظِيمِ مَا سَأَلَكَ بِهِ أَحَدٌ مِنْ خَلْقِكَ مِنْ كَرِيمِ أَسْمَائِكَ وَ جَمِيلِ ثَنَائِكَ وَ خَاصَّةِ دُعَائِكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ شَهْرَنَا هَذَا أَعْظَمَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مَرَّ عَلَيْنَا مُنْذُ أَنْزَلْتَنَا إِلَى الدُّنْيَا بَرَكَةً فِي عِصْمَةِ دِينِي وَ خَلَاصِ نَفْسِي وَ قَضَاءِ حَوَائِجِي وَ تُشَفِّعَنِي فِي مَسَائِلِي وَ تَمَامِ النِّعْمَةِ عَلَيَّ وَ صَرْفِ السُّوءِ عَنِّي وَ لِبَاسِ الْعَافِيَةِ لِي فِيهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj with the greatness of what no one from Your-azwj creatures asked with, from the Benevolence of Your-azwj Name, and the Beauty of Your-azwj Praise, and in particular I supplicate to You-azwj that You-azwj Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww, and You-azwj Make this Month of ours to be the greatest Month of Ramazan ever to have passed by us since You-azwj Caused us to descend into the world. Bless the innocence (artlessness) of my Religion, and sincerity of myself, and Fulfil my needs, and Heal me in my problems, and Complete the Bounties upon me, and Eliminate the evil from me, and Clothe the well-being for me therein.

وَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ مِمَّنْ خِرْتَ لَهُ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ وَ جَعَلْتَهَا لَهُ خَيْراً مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ فِي أَعْظَمِ الْأَجْرِ وَ كَرَائِمِ الذُّخْرِ وَ حُسْنِ الشُّكْرِ وَ طُولِ الْعُمُرِ وَ دَوَامِ الْيُسْرِ

And, Make me to be, by Your-azwj Mercy, to be from the ones for whom the Night of Pre-destination Poured upon, and You-azwj Made it to be better than a thousand months with regards to the magnification of the Recompense, and Benevolence of the hoarded treasures, and goodness of the gratefulness, and the prolonged life-span, and ease of the time.

اللَّهُمَّ وَ أَسْأَلُكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ وَ طَوْلِكَ وَ عَفْوِكَ وَ نَعْمَائِكَ وَ جَلَالِكَ وَ قَدِيمِ إِحْسَانِكَ وَ امْتِنَانِكَ أَنْ لَا تَجْعَلَهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنَّا لِشَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ حَتَّى تُبَلِّغَنَاهُ مِنْ قَابِلٍ عَلَى أَحْسَنِ حَالٍ وَ تُعَرِّفَنِي هِلَالَهُ مَعَ النَّاظِرِينَ إِلَيْهِ وَ الْمُعْتَرِفِينَ لَهُ فِي أَعْفَى عَافِيَتِكَ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Mercy, and Your-azwj Extensiveness, and Your-azwj Excusing, and Your-azwj Endowments, and Your-azwj Majesty, and Your-azwj Favouring from before, and Your-azwj Generousness, that You-azwj do not Make it as being the last of the promises from us of a Month of Ramazan, until You-azwj Deliver to us from the next one upon a good state, and Make us recognise its new moon along with the viewers to it, and the acknowledgers of it in the well-being of health from You-azwj.

وَ أَنْعَمِ نِعْمَتِكَ وَ أَوْسَعِ رَحْمَتِكَ وَ أَجْزَلِ قَسْمِكَ يَا رَبِّيَ الَّذِي لَيْسَ لِي رَبٌّ غَيْرُهُ لَا يَكُونُ هَذَا الْوَدَاعُ مِنِّي لَهُ وَدَاعَ فَنَاءٍ وَ لَا آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنِّي لِلِّقَاءِ حَتَّى تُرِيَنِيهِ مِنْ قَابِلٍ فِي أَوْسَعِ النِّعَمِ وَ أَفْضَلِ الرَّجَاءِ

And, Favour Your-azwj Bounties, and Extend Your-azwj Mercy, and the liberalness of Your-azwj Apportionment. O my Lord-azwj, the One besides Whom there is no lord for me apart from Him-azwj! This farewell from me should not happen to be a perishing farewell, nor the last promise from me of the meeting, until You-azwj Show me the next one in extensiveness of the Bounties, and best of the hopes.

وَ أَنَا لَكَ عَلَى أَحْسَنِ الْوَفَاءِ إِنَّكَ سَمِيعُ الدُّعَاءِ اللَّهُمَّ اسْمَعْ دُعَائِي وَ ارْحَمْ تَضَرُّعِي وَ تَذَلُّلِي لَكَ وَ اسْتِكَانَتِي وَ تَوَكُّلِي عَلَيْكَ وَ أَنَا لَكَ مُسَلِّمٌ لَا أَرْجُو نَجَاحاً وَ لَا مُعَافَاةً وَ لَا تَشْرِيفاً وَ لَا تَبْلِيغاً إِلَّا بِكَ وَ مِنْكَ

And (Make) me, in You-azwj (presence) upon the best of the loyalties. You-azwj are the Hearer of the supplications. O Allah-azwj! Hear my supplication, and have Mercy upon my supplication, and Humble me to You-azwj, and Cause me to rely upon You-azwj, and I am a submitter to You-azwj, not hoping for success, nor health, nor nobility, nor reaching (to anything) except with You-azwj and from You-azwj.

فَامْنُنْ عَلَيَّ جَلَّ ثَنَاؤُكَ وَ تَقَدَّسَتْ أَسْمَاؤُكَ بِتَبْلِيغِي شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ وَ أَنَا مُعَافًى مِنْ كُلِّ مَكْرُوهٍ وَ مَحْذُورٍ وَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْبَوَائِقِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَعَانَنَا عَلَى صِيَامِ هَذَا الشَّهْرِ وَ قِيَامِهِ حَتَّى بَلَّغَنِي آخِرَ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْهُ .

Therefore, Favour upon me, Majestic is Your-azwj Praise, and Holy are Your-azwj Names, by Delivering to me a Month of Ramazan, and I am in well-being from every abhorrence, and cautious from every obstacle. The Praise is for Allah-azwj, Who Supported us upon the Fasts of this Month, and its standing (in Prayer), until the last night from it reached me’.[41]

Al-I’tikaf (Fasting for 3 days while staying in a Masjid)

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنِ الِاعْتِكَافِ قَالَ لَا يَصْلُحُ الِاعْتِكَافُ إِلَّا فِي الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ أَوْ مَسْجِدِ الرَّسُولِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَوْ مَسْجِدِ الْكُوفَةِ أَوْ مَسْجِدِ جَمَاعَةٍ وَ تَصُومُ مَا دُمْتَ مُعْتَكِفاً .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Hammad, from Al Halby,

Once Abu Abdullah-asws was asked about the Itikaaf. He-asws said: ‘The Itikaaf is not valid (but) only in a Masjid like Masjid Al-Haram, or Masjid of the Rasool-saww, or Masjid of Al-Kufa, or a Masjid of Al-Jami, and you must Fast for as long as you are in Itikaaf’.[42]

Supplications for the Last Friday of the Month of Ramazan:

بحار الأنوار (ط – بيروت)، ج‏95، ص: 172

مَا رَوَاهُ الشَّيْخُ جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الدُّورْيَسْتِيُّ فِي كِتَابِ الْحُسْنَى بِإِسْنَادِهِ إِلَى جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ قَالَ: دَخَلْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص فِي آخِرِ جُمُعَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَلَمَّا بَصُرَ بِي قَالَ لِي يَا جَابِرُ هَذَا آخِرُ جُمُعَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَوَدِّعْهُ وَ قُلِ

What is reported by The Sheykh Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Ahmad Bin Al Abbas Bin Muhammad Al Dorosty in Kitab Al Husna, by his chain to Jabir Bin Abdullah Al Ansary who said,

‘I went over to Rasool-Allah-saww during the last Friday of a Month of Ramazan. So when he-saww saw me, said to me: ‘O Jabir! This is the last Friday of the Month of Ramazan, therefore bid it farewell and say,

**اللَّهُمَ‏ لَا تَجْعَلْهُ‏ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنْ‏ صِيَامِنَا إِيَّاهُ‏ فَإِنْ‏ جَعَلْتَهُ‏ فَاجْعَلْنِي‏ مَرْحُوماً وَ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي مَحْرُوماً**

**Alllahuma‏ la taj-alhu‏ akhir aleahd min‏ siamina ‘iiaahu‏ fa’iin‏ ja-altahu‏ fajealni‏ marhumaan w la taj-alni mahrumaan**

‘O Allah-azwj! Do not Make it to be the last of the Covenants from our Fasts of it (by ending my life), but if You-azwj do Make it to be so (last Fasting Month of my life), then Make me Mercied and do not Make Me deprived’.

فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ قَالَ ذَلِكَ ظَفِرَ بِإِحْدَى الْحُسْنَيَيْنِ إِمَّا بِبُلُوغِ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ مِنْ قَابِلٍ وَ إِمَّا بِغُفْرَانِ اللَّهِ وَ رَحِمَتِهِ.

So, the one who says that would succeed in one of the two goals. Either he would reach the next Month of Ramazan (in his life) or (reach) the Forgiveness of Allah-azwj and His-azwj Mercy’.[43]

Invocation for Friday

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏ لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ اللَّهُ رَبُّ الْمَلَائِكَةِ وَ الرُّوحِ وَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ وَ قَاهِرُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرَضِيينَ وَ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ مَالِكُهُ اكْفِنِي بَأْسَهُمْ وَ أَعْمِ أَبْصَارَهُمْ وَ قُلُوبَهُمْ وَ اجْعَلْ بَيْنَنَا وَ بَيْنَهُمْ حَرَساً وَ حُجَّاباً وَ مَدْفَعاً إِنَّكَ رَبُّنَا لَا حَوْلَ وَ لَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِكَ‏ عَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْنا وَ إِلَيْكَ أَنَبْنا وَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ عَافِ فُلَانَ بْنَ فُلَانَةَ مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ دَابَّةٍ أَنْتَ‏ آخِذٌ بِناصِيَتِها وَ مِنْ شَرِّ ما سَكَنَ فِي اللَّيْلِ وَ النَّهارِ وَ مِنْ شَرِّ كُلِّ سُوءٍ آمِينَ يَا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ وَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيِّ الرَّحْمَةِ وَ آلِهِ الطَّاهِرِينَ.

‘In the Name of Allah-azwj, the Merciful, the Compassionate. There is no might nor power except with Allah-azwj, the Most High, the Mighty, Allah-azwj, the Lord of of the angels and the Spirit, the Prophets-as and the Messengers-as, Subduer of those in the heavens and the earth, Creator of all things, and their King. Protect me from their might, and blind their sight and their hearts, and make between us and them a guard, and a barrier and a defence. Surely, You are our Lord-azwj. There is no might nor power except with You-azwj. In You-azwj we trust and to You-azwj we turn. You-azwj are the Mighty, the Wise. Protect so-and-so, son of so-and-so, from the evil of every creature You-azwj have taken by the forelock, and from the evil of what inhabits the night and day, and from the evil of every evil thing. Amen, O Lord of the Worlds, and Bless Muhammad-saww, the Prophet of mercy and his-saww pure family-asws.’[44]

Salat of Jumma:

وَ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص أَنَّهُ قَالَ: لَا جُمُعَةَ إِلَّا مَعَ‏ إِمَامٍ‏ عَدْلٍ‏ تَقِيٍ‏.

Jaffar Bin Mohammed-asws said: There is no Jumma, without the presence of Just and Taqi Imam-asws.[45]

وَ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ ع أَنَّهُ قَالَ: لَا يَصْلُحُ الْحُكْمُ وَ لَا الْحُدُودُ وَ لَا الْجُمُعَةُ إِلَّا بِإِمَامٍ‏ عَدْلٍ‏[46].

Ali-asws said:  The judgement, penalties and Friday Prayer are not in order except executed by the Just Imam-asws.[47]

Al-Fitrah –Donation/Charity due to Fasting:

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كُلُّ مَنْ ضَمَمْتَ إِلَى عِيَالِكَ مِنْ حُرٍّ أَوْ مَمْلُوكٍ فَعَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُؤَدِّيَ الْفِطْرَةَ عَنْهُ قَالَ وَ إِعْطَاءُ الْفِطْرَةِ قَبْلَ الصَّلَاةِ أَفْضَلُ وَ بَعْدَ الصَّلَاةِ صَدَقَةٌ .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin beyd, from Yunus, from Abdullah Bin Sinan,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘Every one you include into your dependents, be it from the free ones or slaves, so upon you is that you pay the Fitra on their behalf’. He-asws said: ‘And giving the Fitra before the Prayer is superior, and after the Prayer is (counted as) charity’.[48]

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ فَقَالَ عَلَى الصَّغِيرِ وَ الْكَبِيرِ وَ الْحُرِّ وَ الْعَبْدِ عَنْ كُلِّ إِنْسَانٍ صَاعٌ مِنْ حِنْطَةٍ أَوْ صَاعٌ مِنْ تَمْرٍ أَوْ صَاعٌ مِنْ زَبِيبٍ.

A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Najran and Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Safwan Al Jammal who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws about Al-Fitra, so he-asws said: ‘Upon the young, and upon the old, and the free, and the slave, from every human being, a Sa’a (a unit of measurement approximating to 3kg.) of wheat, or a Sa’a of dates, or a Sa’a of raisins’.[49]

 Appendix: Month of Ramazan

Supplication for the End of Sahr Time:

دعاء آخر في السحر

ANOTHER SUPPLICATION DURING THE PRE-DAWN

رَوَيْنَاهُ بِإِسْنَادِنَا إِلَى جَدِّي أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الطُّوسِيِّ بِإِسْنَادِهِ إِلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ مِنْ كِتَابِ الصِّيَامِ وَ رَوَاهُ أَيْضاً ابْنُ أَبِي قُرَّةَ فِي كِتَابِهِ وَ اللَّفْظُ وَاحِدٌ فَقَالا مَعاً عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ‏

We are reporting it by our chain to my grandfather Abu Ja’far Al Toosy, by his chain to Ali Bin Al-Hassan Bin Fazzal, from the Book of Fasting, and it is reported as well by Ibn Abu Qurra in his book, and the words are one, and they both said together, it is from Ayoub Bin Yaqteen,

إِنَّهُ كَتَبَ إِلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع يَسْأَلُهُ أَنْ يُصَحِّحَ لَهُ هَذَا الدُّعَاءَ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ نَعَمْ وَ هُوَ دُعَاءُ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع بِالْأَسْحَارِ فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ

He wrote to Abu Al-Hassan Al-Reza-asws asking him-asws that he-asws should correct this supplication for him. So he-asws wrote back to him: ‘Yes, and it is a supplication of my-asws father-asws Abu Ja’far-asws at the pre-dawn during the Month of Ramazan.

قَالَ أَبِي قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع‏ لَوْ يَعْلَمُ النَّاسُ مِنْ عِظَمِ هَذِهِ الْمَسَائِلِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَ سُرْعَةِ إِجَابَتِهِ لِصَاحِبِهَا لَاقْتَتَلُوا عَلَيْهِ وَ لَوْ بِالسُّيُوفِ‏ وَ اللَّهُ يَخْتَصُّ بِرَحْمَتِهِ مَنْ يَشاءُ 

He (the narrator) said, ‘He-asws said: ‘My-asws father-asws Abu Ja’far-asws said: ‘If the people knew of the greatness of this asking in the Presence of Allah-azwj and the quickness of its Answering to is performer, they would fight over it, and even though it be by the swords, and Allah-azwj Particularises with His-azwj Mercy the one whom He-azwj so Desires to’.

وَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ ع لَوْ حَلَفْتُ لَبَرَرْتُ أَنَّ اسْمَ اللَّهِ الْأَعْظَمِ قَدْ دَخَلَ فِيهَا فَإِذَا دَعَوْتُمْ فَاجْتَهِدُوا فِي الدُّعَاءِ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْ مَكْنُونِ الْعِلْمِ وَ اكْتُمُوهُ إِلَّا مِنْ أَهْلِهِ وَ لَيْسَ مِنْ أَهْلِهِ الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَ الْمُكَذِّبُونَ وَ الْجَاحِدُونَ وَ هُوَ دُعَاءُ الْمُبَاهَلَةِ تَقُولُ

And Abu Ja’far-asws said: ‘If I-asws was to swear on oath, I-asws would vindicate that the Magnificent Name of Allah-azwj (اسْمَ اللَّهِ الْأَعْظَمِ) has been included in it. Therefore, when you are supplicating, so strive in the supplication, for it is from the Hidden Knowledge, and conceal it except from its rightful ones, and they aren’t from its rightful ones, the hypocrites, and the beliers, and the ungrateful ones. And it is a supplication of the imprecation (الْمُبَاهَلَةِ). You should be saying: –

اللَّهُمَ‏ إِنِّي‏ أَسْأَلُكَ‏ مِنْ‏ بَهَائِكَ‏ بِأَبْهَاهُ‏ وَ كُلُ‏ بَهَائِكَ‏ بَهِيٌ‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِبَهَائِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Glory with its Splendour, and every Glory of Yours-azwj is Splendid. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Glory, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ جَمَالِكَ بِأَجْمَلِهِ وَ كُلُّ جَمَالِكَ جَمِيلٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِجَمَالِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Beauty, by its Beautifulness, and every Beauty of Yours-azwj is Beautiful. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Beauty, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ جَلَالِكَ بِأَجَلِّهِ وَ كُلُّ جَلَالِكَ جَلِيلٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِجَلَالِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Majesty, by its Majesty-ness, and every Majesty of Yours-azwj is Majestic. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Majesty, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ عَظَمَتِكَ بِأَعْظَمِهَا وَ كُلُّ عَظَمَتِكَ عَظِيمَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِعَظَمَتِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Magnificent, by its Magnificence, and every Magnificence of Yours-azwj is Magnificent. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Magnificence, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ نُورِكَ بِأَنْوَرِهِ وَ كُلُّ نُورِكَ نَيِّرٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِنُورِكَ كُلِّهُ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Light, by its Illumination, and every Light of Yours-azwj is Luminous.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ رَحْمَتِكَ بِأَوْسَعِهَا وَ كُلُّ رَحْمَتِكَ وَاسِعَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Mercy by its Capaciousness, and every Mercy of Yours-azwj is Capacious. O Allah-azwj!  I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Mercy, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ كَلِمَاتِكَ بِأَتَمِّهَا وَ كُلُّ كَلِمَاتِكَ تَامَّةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِكَلِمَاتِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Speech, by its Completeness, and every Speech of Yours-azwj is Complete. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Speech, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ كَمَالِكَ بِأَكْمَلِهِ وَ كُلُّ كَمَالِكَ كَامِلٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِكَمَالِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-asws from Your-azwj Perfection, by its Perfectness, and every Perfection of Yours-azwj is Perfect. I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Perfection, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ أَسْمَائِكَ بِأَكْبَرِهَا وَ كُلُّ أَسْمَائِكَ كَبِيرَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِأَسْمَائِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Names, by their Greatness, and every Name of Yours-azwj is Great. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Names, all of them.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ عِزَّتِكَ بِأَعَزِّهَا وَ كُلُّ عِزَّتِكَ عَزِيزَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِعِزَّتِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Might, by its Mightiness, and every Might of Yours-azwj is Mighty. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Might, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ مَشِيَّتِكَ بِأَمْضَاهَا وَ كُلُّ مَشِيَّتِكَ مَاضِيَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِمَشِيَّتِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Desires by its Accomplishment, and every Desire of Yours-azwj is Accomplished. O Allah-azwj I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Desires, all of them.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ قُدْرَتِكَ بِالْقُدْرَةِ الَّتِي اسْتَطَلْتَ بِهَا عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ كُلُّ قُدْرَتِكَ مُسْتَطِيلَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Power which You-azwj Control by it everything, and every Power of Yours-azwj is Controlling. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Power, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ عِلْمِكَ بِأَنْفَذِهِ وَ كُلُّ عِلْمِكَ نَافِذٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Knowledge, by its Infiltration, and every Knowledge of Yours-azwj is Infiltrative. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Knowledge, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ قَوْلِكَ بِأَرْضَاهُ وَ كُلُّ قَوْلِكَ رَضِيٌّ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِقَوْلِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj (Promising) Words, by its Fulfilment, and every (Promising) Word of Yours-azwj is Fulfilled. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj (Promising) words, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ مَسَائِلِكَ بِأَحَبِّهَا [إِلَيْكَ‏] وَ كُلُّ مَسَائِلِكَ [وَ كُلُّهَا] إِلَيْكَ حَبِيبَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِمَسَائِلِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj being asked, by it being Beloved to You-azwj, and every asking to You-azwj is Beloved to You-azwj. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj being asked, all of them.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ شَرَفِكَ بِأَشْرَفِهِ وَ كُلُّ شَرَفِكَ شَرِيفٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِشَرَفِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Nobility, by its Nobleness, and every Nobility of Yours-azwj is Noble. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Nobility, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ سُلْطَانِكَ بِأَدْوَمِهِ وَ كُلُّ سُلْطَانِكَ دَائِمٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِسُلْطَانِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Authority by its Permanence, and every Authority of Yours-azwj is Permanent. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Authority, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ مُلْكِكَ بِأَفْخَرِهِ وَ كُلُّ مُلْكِكَ فَاخِرٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِمُلْكِكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Kingdom by its Exquisiteness, and all of Your-azwj Kingdom is Exquisite. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Kingdom, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ عُلُوِّكَ بِأَعْلَاهُ وَ كُلُّ عُلُوِّكَ عَالٍ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِعُلُوِّكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Exaltedness, by its Loftiness, and every Exaltedness of Yours-azwj is Lofty. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Exaltedness, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ مَنِّكَ بِأَقْدَمِهِ وَ كُلُّ مَنِّكَ قَدِيمٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِمَنِّكَ كُلِّهِ

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Favours by its ancientness, and every Favour of Yours-azwj is ancient. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Favours, all of it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي‏ أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ آيَاتِكَ بِأَكْرَمِهَا وَ كُلُّ آيَاتِكَ كَرِيمَةٌ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِآيَاتِكَ كُلِّهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj from Your-azwj Signs by their Benevolence, and every Sign of Yours-azwj is Benevolent. O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by Your-azwj Signs, all of them.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِمَا أَنْتَ فِيهِ مِنَ الشَّأْنِ وَ الْجَبَرُوتِ وَ أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ شَأْنٍ وَحْدَهُ وَ جَبَرُوتٍ وَحْدَهَا

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by what You-azwj are in from the Affairs and the Compulsion, and every Affair singularly and every Compulsion individually.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِمَا تُجِيبُنِي [بِهِ‏] حِينَ أَسْأَلُكَ فَأَجِبْنِي

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by what You-asws would Answer me with when I ask You-azwj, therefore (please) Answer me.

يَا اللَّهُ وَ افْعَلْ بِي كَذَا وَ كَذَا وَ تَذْكُرُ حَاجَتَكَ فَإِنَّهَا تُعْطَاهَا إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى.

O Allah-azwj! And Do such and such for me’ – and mention your need for (and) it would be Granted, if Allah-azwj The Exalted so Desires.[50]

Supplications for each day of the Month of Ramazan[51]

رَوَاهَا ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ص‏

Ibn Abbas reported it from the Prophet-saww

The 1st Day – الْيَوْمَ الْأَوَّلَ

اللَّهُمَ‏ اجْعَلْ‏ صِيَامِي‏ فِيهِ‏ صِيَامَ‏ الصَّائِمِينَ‏ وَ هَبْ لِي جُرْمِي فِيهِ يَا إِلَهَ الْعَالَمِينَ وَ اعْفُ عَنِّي يَا عَافِياً عَنِ الْمُجْرِمِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Make my Fasting in it to be as the Fasting of the Fasting ones and Grant (Forgiveness) to me of my violations during it, O God-azwj of the worlds, and Forgive (these) from me, O Pardoner of the offenders!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ حَسَنَةٍ وَ رُفِعَ لَهُ أَلْفُ أَلْفِ دَرَجَةٍ وَ مُحِيَ عَنْهُ أَلْفُ أَلْفِ سَيِّئَةٍ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given a thousand, thousand (1000,000) good deeds, and there would be Raised for him a thousand, thousand (1000,000) Levels, and there would be Deleted from him a thousand, thousand evils deeds’.

The 2nd Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّانِيَ

اللَّهُمَّ قَرِّبْنِي فِيهِ إِلَى مَرْضَاتِكَ وَ جَنِّبْنِي سَخَطَكَ وَ نَقِمَاتِكَ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِقِرَاءَةِ آيَاتِكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ

O Allah-azwj! Bring me closer during it to Your-azwj Pleasure and Keep me aside from Your-azwj Wrath and Your-azwj Curses and Incline (towards) me during it, for the recitation of Your-azwj Verses by Your-azwj Mercy, O most Merciful of the merciful ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ بِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ لَهُ فِي جَمِيعِ عُمُرِهِ عِبَادَةَ سَنَةٍ صَائِماً نَهَارُهَا قَائِماً لَيْلُهَا

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given for every step of his during the entirety of his lifetime, the worship of a year while Fasting its days and standing (for Salat) of its nights’.

The 3rd Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي الذِّهْنَ وَ التَّنْبِيهَ وَ أَبْعِدْنِي مِنَ السَّفَاهَةِ وَ التَّمْوِيهِ وَ اجْعَلْ لِي نَصِيباً فِي كُلِّ خَيْرٍ أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ بِجُودِكَ يَا أَجْوَدَ الْأَجْوَدِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Grace me the mind and the alertness, and Keep away from me the frivolities (nonsense) and the pretentiousness, and Make a share to be for me in every goodness, which descends during it by Your-azwj Generosity, O most Generous of the generous ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ بَنَى اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لَهُ بَيْتاً فِي جَنَّةِ الْفِرْدَوْسِ فِيهِ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ غُرْفَةٍ مِنْ نُورٍ سَاطِعٍ فِي كُلِّ غُرْفَةٍ أَلْفُ سَرِيرٍ عَلَى كُلِّ سَرِيرٍ حُورِيَّةٌ وَ يَدْخُلُ عَلَيْهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ أَلْفُ مَلَكٍ بِالْهَدَايَا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, Allah-azwj the Exalted would Build for him a house in the Garden of Al-Firdows wherein would be a thousand rooms of dazzling light. In every room would be a thousand beds, upon every bed being a Hourie, and a thousand Angels would welcome (him) with the gifts from the Presence of Allah-azwj the Exalted’.

The 4th Day – الْيَوْمَ الرَّابِعَ

اللَّهُمَّ قَوِّنِي فِيهِ عَلَى إِقَامَةِ أَمْرِكَ وَ أَوْزِعْنِي لِأَدَاءِ شُكْرِكَ بِكَرَمِكَ وَ احْفَظْنِي بِحِفْظِكَ وَ سِتْرِكَ يَا أَبْصَرَ النَّاظِرِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Strengthen me during it upon the establishment of Your-azwj Commands and Apportion for me Your-azwj gratefulness and Protect me with Your-azwj Protection and Your-azwj Veil, O the most Insightful of the beholders!’.

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ فِي جَنَّةِ الْخُلْدِ سَبْعِينَ أَلْفَ سَرِيرٍ عَلَى كُلِّ سَرِيرٍ جَارِيَةٌ مِنَ الْحُورِ الْعِينِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given in the Eternal Garden, a thousand beds, upon each bed being a maid from the Maiden Houries’.

The 5th Day – الْيَوْمَ الْخَامِسَ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْمُسْتَغْفِرِينَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ وَ اجْعَلْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ أَوْلِيَائِكَ الْمُتَّقِينَ بِرَأْفَتِكَ يَا أَكْرَمَ الْأَكْرَمِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Make me during it to be from the Forgiven ones and Make me during it to be from Your-azwj righteous servants, and Make me during it to be from Your-azwj friends, the pious one, by Your-azwj Mercy, O most Benevolent of the benevolent ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ فِي جَنَّةِ الْمَأْوَى أَلْفَ أَلْفِ قَصْعَةٍ فِي كُلِّ قَصْعَةٍ أَلْفُ لَوْنٍ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given in the Garden of Mava, a thousand, thousand bowls, in each bowl being a thousand varieties of foods’.

The 6th Day – الْيَوْمَ السَّادِسَ

اللَّهُمَّ لَا تَخْذُلْنِي لِتَعَرُّضِ مَعَاصِيكَ وَ أَعِذْنِي مِنْ سِيَاطِ نَقِمَتِكَ وَ مَهَاوِيكَ‏ وَ أَجِرْنِي مِنْ مُوجِبَاتِ سَخَطِكَ بِمَنِّكَ وَ أَيَادِيكَ يَا مُنْتَهَى رَغْبَةِ الرَّاغِبِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Do not Abandon me to be exposed to Your-azwj disobedience and Shelter me from the Obligation of Your-azwj Curse and Your-azwj Torment, and Rescue me from causes of Your-azwj Wrath by Your-azwj Favour and Your-asws Assistance, O End-point of the desire of the desiring ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أَعْطَاهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَرْبَعِينَ أَلْفَ مَدِينَةٍ فِي كُلِّ مَدِينَةٍ أَلْفُ أَلْفِ بَيْتٍ فِي كُلِّ بَيْتٍ أَلْفُ سَرِيرٍ طُولُ كُلِّ سَرِيرٍ أَلْفُ ذِرَاعٍ عَلَى كُلِّ سَرِيرٍ حُورِيَّةٌ لَهَا أَلْفُ ذُؤَابَةٍ يَحْمِلُ كُلَّ ذُؤَابَةٍ سَبْعُونَ خَادِماً

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with this, Allah-azwj the Exalted would Give him forty thousand cities, in each city being a thousand, thousand houses, in each house being a thousand beds, the length of each bed being a thousand cubits, upon each bed being a Hourie, for her being a thousand locks of hair, every hair lock being carried by seventy servants’.

The 7th Day – الْيَوْمَ السَّابِعَ

اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى صِيَامِهِ وَ قِيَامِهِ وَ جَنِّبْنِي فِيهِ مِنْ هَفَوَاتِهِ وَ آثَامِهِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي ذِكْرَكَ وَ شُكْرَكَ بِدَوَامِ هِدَايَتِكَ يَا هَادِيَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Assist me upon its Fasts, and its standings (for Salat), and Keep me aside from its lapses and its sins, and Grace me Your-azwj Remembrance and Your-azwj gratefulness by the permanence of Your-azwj Guidance, O Guide of the Momineen!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَا يُعْطَى الشُّهَدَاءُ وَ السُّعَدَاءُ وَ الْأَوْلِيَاءُ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given in the Paradise what would be Given to the martyrs, and the fortunate ones, and the Guardians-asws’.

The 8th Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّامِنَ

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ رَحْمَةَ الْأَيْتَامِ وَ إِطْعَامَ الطَّعَامِ وَ إِفْشَاءَ السَّلَامِ وَ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ صُحْبَةَ الْكِرَامِ وَ مُجَانَبَةَ اللِّئَامِ بِطَوْلِكَ يَا أَمَلَ الْآمِلِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Grace me during it to be merciful to the orphans, and feeding the food, and disclosing the greetings, and Grace me during it the companionship of the generous ones and avoidance of the villains by Your-azwj Extensiveness, O Hope of the hoping ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ رُفِعَ عَمَلُهُ بِعَمَلِ أَلْفِ صِدِّيقٍ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, his deeds would be Ascended with the deeds of a thousand truthful ones’.

The 9th Day – الْيَوْمَ التَّاسِعَ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ لِي فِيهِ نَصِيباً مِنْ رَحْمَتِكَ الْوَاسِعَةِ وَ اهْدِنِي فِيهِ بِبَرَاهِينِكَ الْقَاطِعَةِ [السَّاطِعَةِ] وَ خُذْ بِنَاصِيَتِي إِلَى مَرْضَاتِكَ الْجَامِعَةِ بِمَحَبَّتِكَ يَا أَمَلَ الْمُشْتَاقِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Make a share to be for me during it from Your Extensive Mercy, and Guide me during it by Your-azwj conclusive (Clear) proofs. Seize me by my forelocks to Your-azwj Comprehensive Pleasure with Your-azwj Love, O Hope of the yearning ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ ثَوَابَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given the Rewards of the Children of Israel’.

The 10th Day – الْيَوْمَ الْعَاشِرَ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ عَلَيْكَ الْفَائِزِينَ لَدَيْكَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ إِلَيْكَ بِإِحْسَانِكَ يَا غَايَةَ الطَّالِبِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Make me to be from the ones relying upon You-azwj, the successful ones with You-azwj, the ones of Proximity to You-azwj, by Your-azwj Favour, O Destination of the seekers’.

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ اسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, Allah-azwj would Forgive for him, everything’.

The 11th Day – الْيَوْمَ الْحَادِيَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَيَّ فِيهِ الْإِحْسَانَ وَ كَرِّهْ إِلَيَّ فِيهِ الْفُسُوقَ وَ الْعِصْيَانَ وَ حَرِّمْ عَلَيَّ فِيهِ السَّخَطَ وَ النِّيرَانَ بِقُوَّتِكَ يَا غَوْثَ الْمُسْتَغِيثِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Cause endearment to me during it with the Beneficence, and aversion to me with the transgression and the disobedience, and Prohibit upon me during it the Wrath and the Fires, by Your-azwj Strength, O Helper of those seeking help!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ كُتِبَ لَهُ حِجَّةٌ مَقْبُولَةٌ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ ص وَ عُمْرَةٌ مَعَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ ع وَ كُلُّ حِجَّةٍ مَعَهُ ص تَعْدِلُ سَبْعِينَ أَلْفَ حِجَّةٍ مَعَ غَيْرِهِ وَ كُلُّ عُمْرَةٍ مَعَهُمْ ع تَعْدِلُ سَبْعِينَ أَلْفَ عُمْرَةٍ مَعَ غَيْرِهِمْ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, there would be Written for him an Accepted Hajj with the Prophet-saww, and an Umrah with the People-asws of his-saww Household, and each Hajj with him-saww equates to seventy thousand Hajj with others, and each Umrah with them-asws, equates to seventy thousand Umrahs with others’.

The 12th Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّانِيَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ السِّتْرَ وَ الْعَفَافَ وَ أَلْبِسْنِي فِيهِ لِبَاسَ الْقُنُوعِ وَ الْكَفَافِ وَ نَجِّنِي فِيهِ مِمَّا أَحْذَرُ وَ أَخَافُ بِعِصْمَتِكَ يَا عِصْمَةَ الْخَائِفِينَ

O Allah-azwj! Grace me during it, the veiling, and the chastity, and Clothe me during it with the clothing of contentment and the chastity, and Protect me during it from what I am cautious of and fear, by Your-azwj Protection, O Protector of the fearful!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ بُدِّلَتْ سَيِّئَاتُهُ حَسَنَاتٍ وَ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَ مَا تَأَخَّرَ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, his evil deeds would change into good deeds and he would be Forgiven for whatever preceded from his sins and whatever is delayed’.

The 13th Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ طَهِّرْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ وَ الْأَقْذَارِ وَ صَبِّرْنِي عَلَى كَائِنَاتِ الْأَقْدَارِ وَ وَفِّقْنِي لِلتُّقَى وَ صُحْبَةِ الْأَبْرَارِ بِعَوْنِكَ يَا قُرَّةَ عَيْنِ الْمَسَاكِينِ

O Allah-azwj! Purify me during it, from the filth and dirt and Cause me to be patient upon the event Ordained, and Harmonise me for the piety and being a companion of the righteous by Your-azwj Assistance, O Delight of the eyes of the poor ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ بِكُلِّ حَجَرٍ وَ مَدَرٍ حَسَنَةً وَ دَرَجَةً فِي الْجَنَّةِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given, for every stone and clod (of mud), a good deed and a level in the Paradise’.

The 14th Day – الْيَوْمَ الرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ لَا تُؤَاخِذْنِي فِيهِ بِالْعَثَرَاتِ وَ أَقِلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْخَطَايَا وَ الْهَفَوَاتِ وَ لَا تَجْعَلْنِي غَرَضاً لِلْبَلَايَا وَ الْآفَاتِ بِعِزِّكَ يَا عِزَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

O Allah-azwj! Do not Seize me during it with the pitfalls, and Minimise for me from the mistakes and the lapses, and do not Make me a target for the afflictions and the calamities, by Your-azwj Might, O Might of the Muslims!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا صَامَ مَعَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ الصَّالِحِينَ

The one who supplicates with it, so he would be like the one who Fasted with the Prophets, and the martyrs, and the Righteous ones’.

The 15th Day – الْيَوْمَ الْخَامِسَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي فِيهِ طَاعَةَ الْعَابِدِينَ وَ اشْرَحْ فِيهِ صَدْرِي بِإِنَابَةِ الْمُخْبِتِينَ بِأَمَانِكَ يَا أَمَانَ الْخَائِفِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Grace me during it, the obedience of the worshippers, and Expand my chest during it by virtue of the humble ones, with Your-azwj Security, O Shelter of the fearful!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ قَضَى اللَّهُ لَهُ ثَمَانِينَ حَاجَةً مِنْ حَوَائِجِ الدُّنْيَا وَ عِشْرِينَ مِنْ حَوَائِجِ الْآخِرَةِ وَ رَفَعَ لَهُ فِي جَنَّةِ الْفِرْدَوْسِ أَلْفَ مَدِينَةٍ فِي جِوَارِ النَّبِيِّينَ مِنْ نُورٍ يَتَلَأْلَأُ فِي كُلِّ مَدِينَةٍ أَلْفُ أَلْفِ غُرْفَةٍ فِي كُلِّ غُرْفَةٍ أَلْفُ أَلْفِ حُجْرَةٍ فِي كُلِّ حُجْرَةٍ مَا تَشْتَهِي الْأَنْفُسُ‏ وَ تَلَذُّ الْأَعْيُنُ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, Allah-azwj would Fulfil for him seventy needs from the needs of the world, and twenty from the needs of the Hereafter, and Raise for him in the Garden of Al-Firdows, a thousand cities of sparkling light in the vicinity of the Prophets-as, in each city being a thousand, thousand mansions, in every mansion being a thousand, thousand chambers, in each chamber being whatever the soul desires and is pleasurable to the eyes’.

The 16th Day – الْيَوْمَ السَّادِسَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيهِ لِعَمَلِ الْأَبْرَارِ وَ جَنِّبْنِي فِيهِ مُرَافَقَةَ الْأَشْرَارِ وَ أَدْخِلْنِي فِيهِ بِرَحْمَتِكَ دَارَ الْقَرَارِ بِإِلَهِيَّتِكَ يَا إِلَهَ الْعَالَمِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Guide me during it for the righteous deeds and Keep me aside during it from the friendship of the evil ones, Enter me during it by Your-azwj Mercy into the House of Tranquillity by Your-azwj Lordship, O God-azwj of the worlds!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ يَوْمَ خُرُوجِهِ مِنْ قَبْرِهِ نُوراً سَاطِعاً يَمْشِي بِهِ وَ حُلَّةً يَلْبَسُهَا وَ نَاقَةً يَرْكَبُهَا وَ سَقَى مِنْ شَرَابِ الْجَنَّةِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, would be Given on the Day of his exit from his grave, a dazzling light he would be walking with, and a garment he would be wearing it, and a she-camel he would be riding with, and be quenched from a drink of the Paradise’.

The 17th Day – الْيَوْمَ السَّابِعَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيهِ لِصَالِحِ الْأَعْمَالِ وَ اقْضِ لِي فِيهِ الْحَوَائِجَ وَ الْآمَالَ يَا مَنْ لَا يَحْتَاجُ إِلَى السُّؤَالِ يَا عَالِماً بِمَا فِي صُدُورِ الْعَالَمِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Guide me during it to righteous deeds and Fulfil for me during it the needs and the deeds, O the One-azwj Who is not needy to being asked, O Knower of whatever is in the chests of the worlds!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ غُفِرَ لَهُ وَ لَوْ كَانَ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Forgiven for, and even if he was from the losing ones’.

The 18th Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّامِنَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ نَبِّهْنِي فِيهِ لِبَرَكَاتِ أَسْحَارِهِ وَ نَوِّرْ قَلْبِي بِضِيَاءِ أَنْوَارِهِ وَ خُذْ بِكُلِّ أَعْضَائِي إِلَى اتِّبَاعِ آثَارِهِ يَا مُنَوِّرَ قُلُوبِ الْعَارِفِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Alert me during it for the Blessings of its pre-dawns and Illuminate my heart with the illumination of its rays, and Seize every body part of mine to follow its effects, O Illuminator of the hearts of the recognisers!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ ثَوَابَ أَلْفِ نَبِيٍّ

(He-saww said): ‘The one supplicates with it, would be Given the Rewards of a thousand Prophets-as!’

The 19th Day – الْيَوْمَ التَّاسِعَ عَشَرَ

اللَّهُمَّ وَفِّرْ حَظِّي بِبَرَكَاتِهِ وَ سَهِّلْ سَبِيلِي إِلَى خَيْرَاتِهِ وَ لَا تَحْرِمْنِي قَبُولَ حَسَنَاتِهِ يَا هَادِياً إِلَى الْحَقِّ الْمُبِينِ

‘O Allah-azwj! Set aside my share with its Blessings, and Easy my way to its goodness and do not Deprive me of the Acceptance of its good deeds, O Guide to the Evident Truth!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ اسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُ مَلَائِكَةُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ وَ دَعَوْا لَهُ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, the Angels of the skies and the earth would seek Forgiveness for him, and supplicate for him’.

The 20th Day – الْيَوْمَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ الْجِنَانِ وَ أَغْلِقْ عَنِّي أَبْوَابَ النِّيرَانِ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِتِلَاوَةِ الْقُرْآنِ يَا مُنْزِلَ السَّكِينَةِ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Open for me the Gates of the Gardens and Lock upon me the Gates of the Fires, and Harmonise me during it for the recitation of the Quran, O Descended of the tranquillity into the hearts of the Momineen!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ أَلْفَ أَلْفِ مَلَكٍ يَحْفَظُونَهُ مِنْ كُلِّ جَبَّارٍ وَ شَيْطَانٍ وَ سُلْطَانٍ وَ كَتَبَ لَهُ بِكُلِّ مَنْ صَامَ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ سِتِّينَ سَنَةً مَقْبُولَةً وَ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ بَيْنَهُ وَ بَيْنَ النَّارِ سَبْعِينَ خَنْدَقاً كُلُّ خَنْدَقٍ كَمَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَ الْأَرْضِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, Allah-azwj would Send to him a thousand, thousand Angels Protecting him from every tyrant, and Satanla, and ruling authority, and would Write Acceptance for him for everyone who Fasts the Month of Ramazan of sixty years, and Allah-azwj would Make seventy ditches to be between him and the Fire, just as there is between the sky and the earth’.

The 21st Day – الْيَوْمَ الْحَادِيَ و الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ لِي فِيهِ إِلَى مَرْضَاتِكَ دَلِيلًا وَ لَا تَجْعَلْ عَلَيَّ فِيهِ لِلشَّيْطَانِ سَبِيلًا يَا قَاضِيَ حَوَائِجِ السَّائِلِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Make for me during it a pointer towards Your-azwj Pleasure, and do not Make upon me a way for the Satanla during it, O Fulfiller of the needs of the beggars!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ نَوَّرَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى قَبْرَهُ وَ بَيَّضَ وَجْهَهُ وَ مَرَّ عَلَى الصِّرَاطِ كَالْبَرْقِ الْخَاطِفِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, Allah-azwj the Exalted would Illuminate his grave and Whiten his face, and he would pass upon the Bridge like the streak of lightning’.

The 22nd Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّانِىَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي فِيهِ أَبْوَابَ فَضْلِكَ وَ أَنْزِلْ عَلَيَّ فِيهِ بَرَكَاتِكَ وَ وَفِّقْنِي فِيهِ لِمُوجِبَاتِ مَرْضَاتِكَ وَ أَسْكِنِّي فِيهِ بُحْبُوحَةَ جَنَّاتِكَ يَا مُجِيبَ دَعْوَةِ الْمُضْطَرِّينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Open for me during it, the doors of Your-azwj Grace and Descend Your-azwj Blessings upon me during it, and Harmonise me during it to be Obligated Your-azwj Pleasure, and Settle me during it with the affluence of Your-azwj Gardens, O Responder to the supplications of the desperate ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ هَوَّنَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ مَسْأَلَةَ مُنْكَرٍ وَ نَكِيرٍ وَ سَكَرَاتِ الْمَوْتِ وَ ثَبَّتَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, Allah-azwj would Ease upon him the questioning of the Munkar and Nakeer and the ecstasy of death, and Affirm him with the Affirmed Word (Al-Wilayah)’.

The 23rd Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّالِثَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ وَ طَهِّرْنِي فِيهِ مِنَ الْعُيُوبِ وَ امْتَحِنْ فِيهِ قَلْبِي بِتَقْوَى الْقُلُوبِ يَا مُقِيلَ عَثَرَاتِ الْمُذْنِبِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Wash me during it from the sins and Purify me during it from the faults, and Examine my heart during it with the piety of the hearts, O Over-looker of the slips of the sinners!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ مَرَّ عَلَى الصِّرَاطِ كَالْبَرْقِ الْخَاطِفِ مَعَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ الشُّهَدَاءِ وَ الصَّالِحِينَ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, would pass upon the Bridge like the streak of lightning, along with the Prophets-as, and the martyrs and the righteous ones’.

The 24th Day – الْيَوْمَ الرَّابِعَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ فِيهِ مَا يُرْضِيكَ وَ أَعُوذُ بِكَ فِيهِ مِمَّا يُؤْذِيكَ بِأَنْ أُطِيعَكَ وَ لَا أَعْصِيَكَ يَا عَالِماً بِمَا فِي صُدُورِ الْعَالَمِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj during it whatever would Please You-azwj and I seek Refuge with You-azwj during it from whatever Displeases You-azwj that I should obey You-azwj and do not disobey You-azwj, O Knower of whatever is in the chests of the worlds!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ أُعْطِيَ بِعَدَدِ كُلِّ شَعْرَةٍ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ وَ جَسَدِهِ أَلْفَ خَادِمٍ وَ أَلْفَ غُلَامٍ كَالْيَاقُوتِ وَ الْمَرْجَانِ

(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it would be Given of the number of every hair upon his head and his body, a thousand servants, and thousand slaves, like the rubies and corals’.

The 25th Day – الْيَوْمَ الْخَامِسَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مُحِبّاً لِأَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ مُعَادِياً لِأَعْدَائِكَ وَ مُتَمَسِّكاً بِسُنَّةِ أَنْبِيَائِكَ يَا عَظِيماً فِي قُلُوبِ النَّبِيِّينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Make me to love Your-azwj friends and inimical to Your-azwj enemies, and attached with the Sunnah of Your-azwj Prophets-as, O Magnificent in the hearts of the Prophets-as!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ بُنِيَ لَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مِائَةُ قَصْرٍ عَلَى رَأْسِ كُلِّ قَصْرٍ خَيْمَةٌ خَضْرَاءُ

‘(He-saww said): ‘The one, who supplicates with it, there would be built for him in the Paradise, one hundred castles, upon the top of each castle being a green tent’.

The 26th  Day – الْيَوْمَ السَّادِسَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ سَعْيِي فِيهِ مَشْكُوراً وَ ذَنْبِي فِيهِ مَغْفُوراً وَ عَمَلِي فِيهِ مَقْبُولًا وَ عَيْبِي فِيهِ مَسْتُوراً يَا أَسْمَعَ السَّامِعِينَ

O Allah-azwj! Make my striving during it to be Appreciated, and my sins during it to be Forgiven, and my deeds during it Acceptable, and my faults during it to be Veiled, O most Hearing of the hearing ones!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ نُودِيَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ لَا تَخَفْ وَ لَا تَحْزَنْ فَقَدْ غُفِرَ لَكَ

‘(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, would be Called out at on the Day of Judgment: ‘Neither fear nor grieve, for (your sins) have been Forgiven for you!’’

The 27th Day – الْيَوْمَ السَّابِعَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ وَفِّرْ حَظِّي فِيهِ مِنَ النَّوَافِلِ وَ أَكْرِمْنِي فِيهِ بِإِحْضَارِ الْأَحْرَارِ مِنَ الْمَسَائِلِ وَ قَرِّبْ وَسِيلَتِي إِلَيْكَ مِنْ بَيْنِ الْوَسَائِلِ يَا مَنْ لَا يَشْغَلُهُ إِلْحَاحُ الْمُلِحِّينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Set aside my share during it, from the Optional (Salat), and Honour me during it with the attending to the issues, and Bring closer my means to You-azwj from between the means, O the One-azwj Whom the urgent insistence of the insistence one does not pre-occupy!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ فَكَأَنَّمَا أَطْعَمَ كُلَّ جَائِعٍ وَ أَرْوَى كُلَّ عَطْشَانَ وَ أَكْسَى كُلَّ مُؤْمِنٍ وَ مُؤْمِنَةٍ كَانُوا فِي الدُّنْيَا

‘(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, so it would be as if he has fed every hungry one, and quenched every thirsty one, and clothed every Momin and Momina who were in the world’.

The 28th Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّامِنَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ غَشِّنِي فِيهِ بِالرَّحْمَةِ وَ التَّوْفِيقِ وَ الْعِصْمَةِ وَ طَهِّرْ قَلْبِي مِنْ عَائِبَاتِ التُّهَمَةِ يَا رَءُوفاً بِعِبَادِهِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Overwhelm me with the Mercy during it, and the inclination, and the infallibility, and Clean my heart from the faults of the accusations, O the One-azwj Who is King with His-azwj Momin servants!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى لَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ نَصِيباً وَافِراً لَوْ قِيسَ نَصِيبُهُ بِالدُّنْيَا لَكَانَ مِثْلَهَا أَرْبَعِينَ مَرَّةً

‘(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, Allah-azwj the Exalted would Make for him such a plentiful share in the Paradise, if it was to be compared with the world, it’s like would be forty fold’.

The 29th Day – الْيَوْمَ التَّاسِعَ وَ الْعِشْرِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ وَ صَيِّرْ لِي كُلَّ عُسْرٍ إِلَى يُسْرٍ وَ اقْبَلْ مَعَاذِيرِي وَ حُطَّ عَنِّي الْوِزْرَ يَا رَحِيماً بِعِبَادِهِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

‘O Allah-azwj! Grace me the Laylat Al-Qadr, and Change for me every difficulty to ease, and Accept my excuses, and Drop off the burden from me, O the One Merciful with His-azwj Momin servants!’

مَنْ دَعَا بِهِ بُنِيَ لَهُ أَلْفُ مَدِينَةٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَ الْفِضَّةِ وَ الزُّمُرُّدِ وَ اللُّؤْلُؤِ

‘(He-saww said): ‘The one who supplicates with it, there would be built for him a thousand cities in the Paradise, of gold, and silver, and emeralds and pearls’.

The 30th Day – الْيَوْمَ الثَّلَاثِينَ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ صِيَامِي فِيهِ بِالشُّكْرِ وَ الْقَبُولِ عَلَى مَا تَرْضَاهُ وَ يَرْضَاهُ الرَّسُولُ مُحْكَمَةً فُرُوعُهُ بِالْأُصُولِ بِحَقِّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ الطَّيِّبِينَ الطَّاهِرِينَ.

‘O Allah-azwj! Make my Fasts during it with the Appreciation, and the Acceptance upon what Pleases You-azwj, and pleasure of the Rasool-saww, strengthening its branches with its roots, by the right of Muhammad-saww and his-saww Progeny-asws, the goodly, the Purified’.

The Amal of the Month of Shawwal

The Month of Shawwal:

Shawwal

Eid-ul-Fitar

2 3

 

4 5 6 7
8 9

 

10

 

11 12

 

13

 

14
15

Shahadat Imam Jaffar-e- Sadiq–asws

 

16 17 18 19

 

20

 

21

 

22

 

23 24 25

 

 

26 27

 

28

 

29

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ السَّيَّارِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الرَّازِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِي ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ مَا تَقُولُ فِي الصَّوْمِ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ رُوِيَ أَنَّهُمْ لَا يُوَفَّقُونَ لِصَوْمٍ فَقَالَ أَمَا إِنَّهُ قَدْ أُجِيبَتْ دَعْوَةُ الْمَلَكِ فِيهِمْ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ وَ كَيْفَ ذَلِكَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ إِنَّ النَّاسَ لَمَّا قَتَلُوا الْحُسَيْنَ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ أَمَرَ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى مَلَكاً يُنَادِي أَيَّتُهَا الْأُمَّةُ الظَّالِمَةُ الْقَاتِلَةُ عِتْرَةَ نَبِيِّهَا لَا وَفَّقَكُمُ اللَّهُ لِصَوْمٍ وَ لَا لِفِطْرٍ .

Muhammad Bin yahya, from Muhammad Bin Ahmad, from Al Sayyari, from Muhammad Bin Simail Al Qazy,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws the 2nd, said, ‘I said to him-asws, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! What are you-asws saying regarding the Fast, for it is being reported (in a Hadith) that they (people) would never unite in the (matter of) Fasting?’ So he-asws said: ‘But it is the supplication of the Angel which has been Answered with regards to them’. So I said, ‘And how is that? May I be sacrificed for you-asws’. He-asws said: ‘The people, when they killed Al-Husayn-asws, Allah-azwj Blessed and High Commanded an Angel who called out: ‘O you unjust community! The one which killed the family of its Prophet! Allah-azwj will neither harmonise you for Fasting nor for (Eid) Al-Fitr’.[52]

The Exclamation of Takbeer (the Greatness) of the first night of Shawwal

عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ النَّقَّاشِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) لِي أَمَا إِنَّ فِي الْفِطْرِ تَكْبِيراً وَ لَكِنَّهُ مَسْتُورٌ .قَالَ قُلْتُ وَ أَيْنَ هُوَ قَالَ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْفِطْرِ فِي الْمَغْرِبِ وَ الْعِشَاءِ الْآخِرَةِ وَ فِي صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ وَ فِي صَلَاةِ الْعِيدِ ثُمَّ يُقْطَعُ

Ali Bin Muhammad, from Ahmad Bin Abu Abdullah, from his father, from Khalaf Bin Hammad, from Saeed Al Naqqash who said,

‘Abu Abdullah-asws said to me: ‘In Al-Fitr (1st of Shawwal), there is a Takbeer (exclamations of the Greatness of Allah-azwj), but it is concealed. I said, ‘And where is it?’ He-asws said: ‘The night of Al-Fits during Al-Maghrib and Al-Isha the last, and in Al-Fajr Prayer, and in the Eid Prayer. Then it is cut-off’.

قَالَ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ أَقُولُ قَالَ تَقُولُ.

He (the narrator) said, ‘I said, ‘How should I be saying?’ He-asws said: ‘You should be saying,

اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَ لِلَّهِ الْحَمْدُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا وَ هُوَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ يَعْنِي الصِّيَامَ وَ لِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلى ما هَداكُمْ

‘Allah-azwj is the Greatest (beyond description)! Allah-azwj is the Greatest (beyond description)! There is no god except for Allah-azwj and Allah-azwj is the Greatest! Allah-azwj is the Greatest and for Allah-azwj is the Praise upon what He-azwj Guided us’, and these are the Words of Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic [2:185] and (He Desires) that you should complete the number – Meaning the Fasts – and that you should exclaim the Greatness of Allah for His having Guided you’.

 عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ مِثْلَهُ .

A number of our companions, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Ali Bin Asbaat, from Khalaf Bin Hammad – similar to it.[53]

(2)

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ تُكَبِّرُ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ وَ صَبِيحَةَ الْفِطْرِ كَمَا تُكَبِّرُ فِي الْعَشْرِ .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Muhammad Bin Abu Hamza, from Muawiya Bin Ammar,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘Exclaim Takbeer on the night of Al-Fitr, and the morning of Al-Fitr just as you did during the tenth (of Zilhajj)’.[54]

(3)

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) إِنَّ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ الْمَغْفِرَةَ تَنْزِلُ عَلَى مَنْ صَامَ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ لَيْلَةَ الْقَدْرِ فَقَالَ يَا حَسَنُ إِنَّ الْقَارِيجَارَ إِنَّمَا يُعْطَى أُجْرَتَهُ عِنْدَ فَرَاغِهِ ذَلِكَ لَيْلَةَ الْعِيدِ

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Al Qasim Bin Yahya, from his grandfather Al Hassan Bin Rashid who said,

‘I said to Abu Abdullah-asws that the people are saying that the Forgiveness descends upon the one who Fasts the Month of Ramazan during the Night of Pre-determination. So he-asws said: ‘O Hassan! The worker, rather, is given his wages upon his being free (from completing his work) on the night of Eid’.

قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَمَا يَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَعْمَلَ فِيهَا فَقَالَ إِذَا غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ فَاغْتَسِلْ وَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتَ الثَّلَاثَ الْمَغْرِبِ فَارْفَعْ يَدَيْكَ وَ قُلْ

I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! So what is befitting for us that we do therein?’ So he-asws said: ‘When the sun sets, so bathe. And, when you have Prayed the three (Cycles of) Al-Magrib, so raise your hands and say,

يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ يَا ذَا الطَّوْلِ يَا ذَا .الْجُودِ يَا مُصْطَفِياً مُحَمَّداً وَ نَاصِرَهُ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ وَ اغْفِرْ لِي كُلَّ ذَنْبٍ أَذْنَبْتُهُ أَحْصَيْتَهُ عَلَيَّ وَ نَسِيتُهُ وَ هُوَ عِنْدَكَ فِي كِتَابِكَ وَ تَخِرُّ سَاجِداً وَ تَقُولُ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ أَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ أَنْتَ سَاجِدٌ وَ تَسْأَلُ حَوَائِجَكَ .

‘O the One with the Favours! O the One with the Extensiveness! O the One with the Benevolence! O the One Who Chose Muhammad-saww and Helped him-saww! Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and his-saww Progeny-asws, and Forgive me for every sin I have sinned which You-azwj Counted against me, and I have forgotten it, and it is with You-azwj in Your-azwj Book’, and fall down in prostration, and you should be saying, one hundred times, ‘I repent to Allah-azwj’, while you are in prostration, and you should ask your need’.

وَ رُوِيَ أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِيهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ يَقْرَأُ فِي الْأُولَى الْحَمْدَ وَ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ أَلْفَ مَرَّةٍ وَ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ الْحَمْدَ وَ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ مَرَّةً وَاحِدَةً .

And it is reported that Amir Al-Momineen-asws used to Pray two Cycles therein, reciting in the first, Al-Hamd (Chapter 1), and [112:1] Say: He Allah is One (Chapter 112), one thousand times; and in the second Cycle, Al-Hamd (Chapter 1), and [112:1] Say: He Allah is One (Chapter 112), once’.[55]

حَدَّثَنِي جَمَاعَةُ مَشَايِخِي عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْعَطَّارِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي سَارَةَ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ اسْمُهُ الْحُسَيْنُ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ مَنْ زَارَ قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ ع لَيْلَةً مِنْ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَ مَا تَأَخَّرَ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَيَّ اللَّيَالِي جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ وَ لَيْلَةَ الْأَضْحَى وَ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ.

Imam Sadiq-asws said: Allah will forgive all the past and future sins of one who performs the Ziyarat of Imam Husain-asws on one of the three eves. I asked, “May I be sacrificed on you, what are the three eves?” Imam-asws replied, “Eve of Eidul fitr, eve of Eidul Adha and eve of fifteenth Shaban.”[56]

Salat on the Eid Day:

وروي زرارة بن أعين عن أبى جعفر عليه السلام قال: ” لا صلاة يوم الفطر والاضحى مع إمام  عادل

Zrara Bin Ain narrates from Imam Abu Jafar-asws that the Imam-asws says:” There are neither Salat on the Day of Al-Fitar nor on Al-Azha except in the presence of a Just Imam-asws.[57]

فقه الرضا (عليه السلام): وابرز تحت السماء مع الامام، فان صلاة العيدين مع الامام مفروضة، ولا يكون إلا بامام، وبخطبة – إلى أن قال (عليه السلام) -: ومن لم يدرك مع الامام الصلاة فليس عليه إعادة

It is narrated in Fiqah Al-Raza-asws offer (Salat) under the sky with the Imam-asws. The feast Salat with the Imam-asws has been made mandatory. And it may only be offered through an Imam -asws followed by a sermon. Imam-asws also said: ‘Those who could not offer (Salat) under an Imam-asws then he does not need to repeat it.[58]

جعفر بن محمد صلوات الله عليهما أنه سئل عن الرجل لا يشهد العيد هل عليه أن يصلي في بيته ؟ قال: نعم ولا صلاة إلا مع إمام عدل، ومن لم يشهد من رجل أو امرأة صلى أربع ركعات ركعتين للعيد وركعتين للخطبة وكذلك من لم يشهد العيد من أهل البوادي يصلون لانفسهم أربعا

Imam Jafar Bin Mohamed-asws was asked about the person who he does not witness the Eid, can he offer Salat at home?  Imam-asws replied: yes but there is no congressional Salat except with a Just Imam-asws.  And who did not witness from a man or a woman he prayed four rak’ah out of which two are for the Eid and two for the Khutbah and (similarly) there are four rak’ah for those people who reside in countryside/desert.[59]

وَ سُئِلَ الصَّادِقُ ع- عَنْ صَلَاةِ الْأَضْحَى وَ الْفِطْرِ فَقَالَ صَلِّهِمَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ‏ فِي‏ جَمَاعَةٍ أَوْ فِي‏ غَيْرِ جَمَاعَةٍ وَ كَبِّرْ سَبْعاً وَ خَمْساً[60].

(Imam) Jafar-e-Sadiq-asws said: Salat on the Day of Al-Fitar or on Al-Azha with or without congregations is two and two Rakaat with saying of seven and five Taqbeer.[61]

Al-Fitrah –Donation/Charity due to Fasting:

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ كُلُّ مَنْ ضَمَمْتَ إِلَى عِيَالِكَ مِنْ حُرٍّ أَوْ مَمْلُوكٍ فَعَلَيْكَ أَنْ تُؤَدِّيَ الْفِطْرَةَ عَنْهُ قَالَ وَ إِعْطَاءُ الْفِطْرَةِ قَبْلَ الصَّلَاةِ أَفْضَلُ وَ بَعْدَ الصَّلَاةِ صَدَقَةٌ .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa Bin beyd, from Yunus, from Abdullah Bin Sinan,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘Every one you include into your dependents, be it from the free ones or slaves, so upon you is that you pay the Fitra on their behalf’. He-asws said: ‘And giving the Fitra before the Prayer is superior, and after the Prayer is (counted as) charity’.[62]

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ فَقَالَ عَلَى الصَّغِيرِ وَ الْكَبِيرِ وَ الْحُرِّ وَ الْعَبْدِ عَنْ كُلِّ إِنْسَانٍ صَاعٌ مِنْ حِنْطَةٍ أَوْ صَاعٌ مِنْ تَمْرٍ أَوْ صَاعٌ مِنْ زَبِيبٍ.

A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Najran and Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Safwan Al Jammal who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws about Al-Fitra, so he-asws said: ‘Upon the young, and upon the old, and the free, and the slave, from every human being, a Sa’a (a unit of measurement approximating to 3kg.) of wheat, or a Sa’a of dates, or a Sa’a of raisins’.[63]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ تَعْجِيلِ الْفِطْرَةِ بِيَوْمٍ فَقَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ قُلْتُ فَمَا تَرَى بِأَنْ نَجْمَعَهَا وَ نَجْعَلَ قِيمَتَهَا وَرِقاً وَ نُعْطِيَهَا رَجُلًا وَاحِداً مُسْلِماً قَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ .

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Sayf Bin Ameyra, from Is’haq Bin Ammar who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws about the hastening the Fitra by one day. So he-asws said: ‘There is no problem with it’. I said, ‘So what is your-asws view if we were to gather it and we make its price into silver and we give it to one Muslim man?’ He-asws said: ‘There is no problem’.[64]

أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ الْكُوفِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْفِطْرَةِ لِمَنْ هِيَ قَالَ لِلْإِمَامِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ فَأُخْبِرُ أَصْحَابِي قَالَ نَعَمْ مَنْ أَرَدْتَ أَنْ تُطَهِّرَهُ مِنْهُمْ وَ قَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ تُعْطِيَ وَ تَحْمِلَ ثَمَنَ ذَلِكَ وَرِقاً .

Abu Al Abbas Al Kufy, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Abu Ali Bin Rashid who said,

‘I asked him-asws about the Fitra, for whom is it?’ He-asws said: ‘For the Imam-asws’. I said to him-asws, ‘So can I inform my companions?’ He-asws said: ‘Yes, the ones whom you intend to purify from them’. And he-asws said: ‘There is no problem if you were to give, and convert the price of that as silver (cash)’.[65]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَا بَأْسَ بِأَنْ يُعْطِيَ الرَّجُلُ عَنْ عِيَالِهِ وَ هُمْ غُيَّبٌ عَنْهُ وَ يَأْمُرَهُمْ فَيُعْطُونَ عَنْهُ وَ هُوَ غَائِبٌ عَنْهُمْ .

Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Al Fazl Bin Shazaan, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Jameel Bin Darra,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘There is no problem with the man giving on behalf of his dependents and they are absent from him, and his instructing them, so they are giving on his behalf and he is absent from them’.[66]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنْ مَوْلُودٍ وُلِدَ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ عَلَيْهِ فِطْرَةٌ قَالَ لَا قَدْ خَرَجَ الشَّهْرُ قَالَ وَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ يَهُودِيٍّ أَسْلَمَ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ عَلَيْهِ فِطْرَةٌ قَالَ لَا .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Muawiya Bin Ammar who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws about a new-born who would born on the night of Al-Fitr. Is there Fitra upon him?’ He-asws said: ‘No. The Month has exited’. He (the narrator) said, ‘And I asked him-asws about the Jew who becomes a Muslim on the night of Al-Fitr. Is there Fitra uon him?’ He-asws said: ‘No’.[67]

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ الضَّيْفُ مِنْ إِخْوَانِهِ فَيَحْضُرُ يَوْمُ الْفِطْرِ يُؤَدِّي عَنْهُ الْفِطْرَةَ قَالَ نَعَمْ الْفِطْرَةُ وَاجِبَةٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مَنْ يَعُولُ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَى صَغِيرٍ أَوْ كَبِيرٍ حُرٍّ أَوْ مَمْلُوكٍ .

A number of our companions, from Saheyl Bin Ziyad, from Al Hassan Bin Mahboub, from Umar Bin Yazeed who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws about the man who happens to have the guest from his brethren with him (comes to stay with him before the moon sighting of Shawwal). So that the day of Fitra presents itself. Does he have to pay the Fitra on his behalf?’ He-asws said: ‘Yes. The Fitra is Obligatory upon everyone who has dependents, from the male, or female, or young, or old, be they free or slaves’.[68]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ هَلْ عَلَى أَهْلِ الْبَوَادِي الْفِطْرَةُ قَالَ فَقَالَ الْفِطْرَةُ عَلَى كُلِّ مَنِ اقْتَاتَ قُوتاً فَعَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُؤَدِّيَ مِنْ ذَلِكَ الْقُوتِ .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from Muhammad Bin Isa, from Yunus, from the one who mentioned it,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws, said, ‘I said to him-asws, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! Is there Fitra upon the people of the valleys?’ So he-asws said: ‘The Fitra is upon everyone who consumes food. So upon him is that he pays from that subsistence’.[69]

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ لَا بَأْسَ أَنْ يُعْطِيَ الرَّجُلُ الرَّجُلَ عَنْ رَأْسَيْنِ وَ ثَلَاثَةٍ وَ أَرْبَعَةٍ يَعْنِي الْفِطْرَةَ .

A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from one of our companions, from Is’haq Bin Ammar,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘There is no problem if a man gives to another man on behalf of two heads, and three, and four, meaning the Fitra’.[70]

The Day of Eid is a Sad Day for a Momin’

أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ مَا مِنْ عِيدٍ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ أَضْحًى وَ لَا فِطْرٍ إِلَّا وَ هُوَ يُجَدِّدُ لآِلِ مُحَمَّدٍ فِيهِ حُزْناً قُلْتُ وَ لِمَ ذَاكَ قَالَ لِأَنَّهُمْ يَرَوْنَ حَقَّهُمْ فِي يَدِ غَيْرِهِمْ .

Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al Husayn, from Amro Bin Usman, from Hanan Bin Sadeyr, from Abdullah Bin Dinar,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws having said: ‘O Abdullah! There is none from an Eid of the Muslims, be it Al-Azha, or Fitr, except that it renews grief to the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww in it’. I said, ‘And why is that so?’ He-asws said: ‘Because they-asws are seeing their-asws rights in the hands of others’.[71]

The Amal of the Month of Ziqaad

The Month of Ziqaad:

Ziqaad

Zahoor Syeda Masooma-e-Qum–asws

2 3

 

4 5 6 7
8 9

 

10

 

11

Zahoor Imam Ali Raza–asws

12

 

13

 

14
15

 

16 17 18 19

 

20

 

21

 

22

 

23 24 25

Fasting on the 25th has rewards of 60 months fasting

26 27

 

28

 

29/30

Shahadat Imam Muhammad Taqi–asws

Ziqadd is one of the four sacred months.[72]

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الْأَوَّلِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مُحَمَّداً ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ فِي سَبْعٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ مِنْ رَجَبٍ فَمَنْ صَامَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ صِيَامَ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً

A number of our companions, from Sahl Bin Ziyad, from one of our companions,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Al-Hassan-asws the 1st having said: ‘Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic Appointed Muhammad-saww as a Mercy to the worlds during the 27th of Rajab. So the one who Fasts that day, Allah-azwj would Write for him the Fasts of sixty months.

وَ فِي خَمْسَةٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ مِنْ ذِي الْقَعْدَةِ وُضِعَ الْبَيْتُ وَ هُوَ أَوَّلُ رَحْمَةٍ وُضِعَتْ عَلَى وَجْهِ الْأَرْضِ فَجَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مَثَابَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَ أَمْناً فَمَنْ صَامَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ صِيَامَ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً

And, during the twenty fifth (25) of Zil-Qaad, the House (Kabah) was Placed, and it is the first Mercy Placed upon the face of the earth. Therefore, Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic Made it as a resort and a security for the people. So the one who Fasts that day, Allah-azwj would Write for him the Fasts of (60) sixty months.[73]

Important Dates in the Month of Ziqaad

1st Ziqaad:                   Zahoor Syeda Masoome-e-Qum-asws

11th Ziqaad:                Zahoor Imam Ali Raza-asws

25th Ziqaad:               Fasting has rewards equivalent to 60 months’ fasting

29/30th Ziqaad:        Shahadat Imam Muhammad Taqi-asws

The Amal of the Month of Zilhajj

The Month of Zilhajj:

Zilhajj

Aqd-e Syeda–asws

2 3

 

4 5 6 7

Shahadat Imam M.Baqir–asws

8

Imam Hussain–asws travels from Mecca to Karbala

9

Arafah

Shahadat H.Muslim Bin Aqeel–asws

Recite Ziyarah Imam Hussain-asws and Duwa-e- Arafah

 

10

Eid-ul-Azha

 

11 12

 

13

 

14
15

Zahoor Imam Ali Naqi–asws

16 17 18

Eid-e-Ghadir & Rukhsati Syeda–asws

Observe Fast

19

 

20

 

21

 

22

Shahadat Sons of H.Muslim–asws

 

23 24

Eid-e-Mubahila & Zahoor Syeda Bint-e-Hussain–asws

25

 

 

26 27

 

28

 

29

وَ فِي أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ وُلِدَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ خَلِيلُ الرَّحْمَنِ ( عليه السلام ) فَمَنْ صَامَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ صِيَامَ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً.

And during the first day of Zil-Hijjaj, Ibrahim-as the Friend of the beneficent was Sent (to the world), so the one who Fasts that day, Allah-azwj would Write for him the Fasts of sixty months’.[74]

سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) هَلْ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ عِيدٌ غَيْرَ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَ الْأَضْحَى وَ الْفِطْرِ قَالَ نَعَمْ أَعْظَمُهَا حُرْمَةً قُلْتُ وَ أَيُّ عِيدٍ هُوَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي نَصَبَ فِيهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) وَ قَالَ مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ

Sahl Bin Ziyad, from Abdul Rahman Bin Salim, from his father who said,

‘I asked Abu Abdullah-asws, ‘Is there an Eid for the Muslims apart from the day of Friday, and Al-Azha, and Al-Fitr?’ He-asws said: ‘Yes, one greater than that in sanctity’. I said, ‘And which Eid is it, may I be sacrificed for you-asws?’ He-asws said: ‘The day during which Rasool-Allah-saww nominated Amir Al-Momineen-asws and said: ‘The one whose Master I-saww was, so Ali-asws is his Master’.

قُلْتُ وَ أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ قَالَ وَ مَا تَصْنَعُ بِالْيَوْمِ إِنَّ السَّنَةَ تَدُورُ وَ لَكِنَّهُ يَوْمُ ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ فَقُلْتُ وَ مَا يَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَفْعَلَ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ قَالَ تَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ ذِكْرُهُ فِيهِ بِالصِّيَامِ وَ الْعِبَادَةِ وَ الذِّكْرِ لِمُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) أَوْصَى أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمَ عِيداً وَ كَذَلِكَ كَانَتِ الْأَنْبِيَاءُ ( عليهم السلام ) تَفْعَلُ كَانُوا يُوصُونَ أَوْصِيَاءَهُمْ بِذَلِكَ فَيَتَّخِذُونَهُ عِيداً .

I said, ‘And which day was it?’ He-asws said: ‘What would you do with the (particular) day as the year circulates. But, it was the 18th of Zilhajj’. So I said, ‘And is befitting for us that we should be doing during that day?’ He-asws said: ‘Mentioning Allah-azwj, Mighty is His-azwj Mention, during it with the Fasting, and the worship, and the mention of Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww, for Rasool-Allah-saww bequeathed Amir Al-Momineen-asws that he-asws should be taking it as an Eid, and similar to that is what the Prophets-as used to bequeath their-as successors-as with that, therefore take it as an Eid’.[75]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ تُكَبِّرُ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ وَ صَبِيحَةَ الْفِطْرِ كَمَا تُكَبِّرُ فِي الْعَشْرِ .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Muhammad Bin Abu Hamza, from Muawiya Bin Ammar,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘Exclaim Takbeer on the night of Al-Fitr, and the morning of Al-Fitr just as you did during the tenth (of Zilhajj)’.[76]

حَدَّثَنِي جَمَاعَةُ مَشَايِخِي عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى الْعَطَّارِ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي سَارَةَ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ اسْمُهُ الْحُسَيْنُ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع‏ مَنْ زَارَ قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ ع لَيْلَةً مِنْ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ وَ مَا تَأَخَّرَ قَالَ قُلْتُ أَيَّ اللَّيَالِي جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ قَالَ لَيْلَةَ الْفِطْرِ وَ لَيْلَةَ الْأَضْحَى وَ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ.

Imam Sadiq-asws said: Allah will forgive all the past and future sins of one who performs the Ziyarat of Imam Husain-asws on one of the three eves. I asked, “May I be sacrificed on you, what are the three eves?” Imam-asws replied, “Eve of Eidul fitr, eve of Eidul Adha and eve of fifteenth Shaban.”[77]

The Importance of Arafah

During the last Hajj, after circling the Kabah seven times, offering Salat behind the place of Prophet Ibrahim as, and performing the Sa’ee between Safa and Marawa, as part of the Hajj rituals, Prophet-saww together with his companions left for Arafat on the 8th of Zilhajj.  The following Hadith describes an important Divine Message which Rasool Allah-saww received at Arafat on the 9th of Zilhajj.

عن جعفر بن محمد الخزاعي، عن أبيه، قال: سمعت أبا عبد الله (عليه السلام) يقول: «لما نزل رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله) عرفات يوم الجمعة أتاه جبرئيل (عليه السلام)، فقال له: يا محمد، إن الله يقرئك السلام، و يقول لك: قل لامتك الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ بولاية علي بن أبي طالب وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَ رَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلامَ دِيناً و لست انزل عليكم بعد هذا، قد أنزلت عليكم الصلاة و الزكاة و الصوم و الحج، و هي الخامسة، و لست أقبل هذه الأربعة إلا بها».

From Ja’far Bin Muhammad Al Khazai’e, from his father who said,

‘I heard Abu Abd Allah-asws saying: ‘When Rasool-Allah-saww encamped at Arafat on the day of Friday (9th of Zilhajj), Jibraeel-as came up to Rasool Allah-saww and said to him-saww: ‘O Muhmammad-saww! Allah-azwj Conveys His-azwj Greeting to you-saww and is Saying to you-saww: “Announce to your-saww community [5:3] This day have I Perfected for you your Religion by the Wilayah of Ali-asws Bin Abu Talib-asws and Completed My Favour on you and Chosen for you Islam as a Religion and there is not going to be any (further religious Obligation) Revealed upon you after this, as (I-azwj have) Revealed unto you-saww the Salat (Prayer), and the Zakat (alms-giving), and the Soam (Fasts), and the Hajj (Pilgrimage), and this (Wilayah) is the fifth, and these four are not Acceptable except by it (the fifth-the Wilayah of Ali-asws Bin Abu Talib-asws)’.[78]

Recitation of Ziyarah of Imam Hussain-asws on the Day of Arafah:

حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي ره وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ ره جَمِيعاً عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الزَّيَّاتِ عَنْ دَاوُدَ الرَّقِّيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع وَ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا ع وَ هُمَا يَقُولَانِ‏ مَنْ أَتَى قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ ع بِعَرَفَةَ أَقْلَبَهُ اللَّهُ ثَلِجَ الْفُؤَادِ.

My father, Ali Ibn Hussain, and Mohammed Ibn Hasan all narrated to me from Sa’d Ibn Abd Allah, from Ali Ibn Isa, from Mohammed Ibn Amr Ibn Sai’d Al-Zayyat, from Dawood Al-Raqqi, who has said:

I head Abu Abd Allah-asws (Imam Sadiq-asws), Abal Hasan Musa-asws (Imam Kazim-asws), and Abal Hasan-asws (Imam Reza-asws) say:

Allah-azwj will Make those who go to (the Ziyarah of) the grave of Hussain-asws on the day of Arafah return with heart filled with certainty.[79]

Recitation of Dua-e-Arafah on the Day of Arafah:

Dua-e-Arafah Audio and Text

No Fasting on the day of Arafah:

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلَاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ( عليهما السلام ) أَنَّهُ سُئِلَ عَنْ صَوْمِ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ فَقَالَ أَ مَا أَصُومُهُ الْيَوْمَ وَ هُوَ يَوْمُ دُعَاءٍ وَ مَسْأَلَةٍ .

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Safwan Bin Yahya and Ali Bin Al Hakam, from Al A’ala Bin Razeyn, from Muhammad Bin Muslim,

(It has been narrated) from one of the two (5th or 6th Imam-asws) having been asked about Fasting the day of Arafat (9th Zil-Hijja), so he-asws said: ‘I-asws do not Fast the day, and it is a day of supplications and the beseeching’.[80]

10th of Zilhajj (Eid-ul-Azha)

Ahadith related to perform Hajj and Umera can be found in Al-Kafi, Vol. 4 and in our article on Hajj.  For those who are not performing Hajj, for them the Amal would be:

وروي عن العلاء بن الفضيل عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام ” أن رجلا سأله عن الاضحى فقال: هو واجب على كل مسلم إلا من لم يجد، فقال له السائل: فما ترى في العيال؟ قال: إن شئت فعلت وإن شئت لم تفعل، وأما أنت فلا تدعه “

It is compulsory on everyone, who could afford an animal, small or big, to offer sacrifice on the day of Eid-ul-Zaha.[81]

وجاءت أم سلمة – رضي الله عنها – إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقالت: ” يا رسول الله يحضر الاضحى وليس عندي ثمن الاضحية فأستقرض واضحي؟ قال: فاستقرضي فإنه دين مقضي “

One may take a loan in order to offer a sacrifice and Allah-azwj will provide resources to clear debt.[82]

عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ الْأَضْحَى يَوْمَانِ بَعْدَ يَوْمِ النَّحْرِ وَ يَوْمٌ وَاحِدٌ بِالْأَمْصَارِ .

Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Jameel Bin Darraj, from Muhammad Bin Muslim,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws having said: ‘The (Eid) Al-Azha is two days after the day of the sacrifice, and one day in the cities (other than Minnah – where sacrifice is being offered)’.[83]

Ziyarah of Imam Hussain-asws on the Day of Eid-ul-Azha:

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ بَشِيرٍ الدَّهَّانِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) رُبَّمَا فَاتَنِي الْحَجُّ فَأُعَرِّفُ عِنْدَ قَبْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) فَقَالَ أَحْسَنْتَ يَا بَشِيرُ أَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ أَتَى قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) عَارِفاً بِحَقِّهِ فِي غَيْرِ يَوْمِ عِيدٍ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ عِشْرِينَ حَجَّةً وَ عِشْرِينَ عُمْرَةً مَبْرُورَاتٍ مَقْبُولَاتٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ حَجَّةً وَ عُمْرَةً مَعَ نَبِيٍّ مُرْسَلٍ أَوْ إِمَامٍ عَدْلٍ وَ مَنْ أَتَاهُ فِي يَوْمِ عِيدٍ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مِائَةَ حَجَّةٍ وَ مِائَةَ عُمْرَةٍ وَ مِائَةَ غَزْوَةٍ مَعَ نَبِيٍّ مُرْسَلٍ أَوْ إِمَامٍ عَدْلٍ

Muhammad Bin Yahya, from Muhammad Bin Al Husayn, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Salih Bin Uqba,, from Bashir Al Dahhhan who said,

‘I said to Abu Abdullah-asws, ‘Sometimes I miss the Hajj, so I go over to the grave of Al-Husayn-asws’. So he-asws said: ‘Well done, O Bashir! Whichever Believer goes to the grave of Al-Husayn-asws, recognising his-asws right during other than the day of Eid, Allah-azwj would Write for him twenty Hajjs, and twenty Umrahs, properly performed, Accepted; and twenty Hajj and Umra with a Mursil Prophet-as, or a Just Imam-asws. And the one who goes to him-asws on the day of Eid, Allah-azwj would Write for him one hundred Hajj, and one hundred Umrah, and one hundred military expeditions with a Mursil Prophet-as, or a just Imam-asws’.

قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ كَيْفَ لِي بِمِثْلِ الْمَوْقِفِ قَالَ فَنَظَرَ إِلَيَّ شِبْهَ الْمُغْضَبِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي يَا بَشِيرُ إِنَّ الْمُؤْمِنَ إِذَا أَتَى قَبْرَ الْحُسَيْنِ ( عليه السلام ) يَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ وَ اغْتَسَلَ مِنَ الْفُرَاتِ ثُمَّ تَوَجَّهَ إِلَيْهِ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ حَجَّةً بِمَنَاسِكِهَا وَ لَا أَعْلَمُهُ إِلَّا قَالَ وَ غَزْوَةً .

He (the narrator) said, ‘I said to him-asws, ‘How is it for me with the likes of the Pausing Station (like Arafaat)?’ So he-asws looked at me resembling the anger, then said to me: ‘O Bashir! The Believer, when he goes to the grave of Al-Husayn-asws on the day of Arafaat, and washes from the Euphrates, then diverts (his attention) to him-asws, Allah-azwj would Write for him, with every step taken, a Hajj with its rituals’ – and I do not know except that he-asws said: ‘And a military expedition’’.[84]

The Al-Ghadeer (18th of Zilhajj)

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws (5th Imam-asws) from his-asws father-asws, from his-asws grandfather having said: ‘When Rasool-Allah-saww finished the Farewell Pilgrimage, encamped at a land called ‘Zawjan’, so this Verse was Revealed [5:67] O Rasool! Deliver what has been Revealed unto you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His Message, and Allah will Protect you from the people. So when (the Verse containing Allah-azwj’s Words) ‘Protect you from the people’ was Revealed, Rasool Allah-saww called for the congregational Prayer (on the 18th of Zil-Hajj).

So the people gathered and Rasool Allah-saww said: ‘Who is higher among you than your own selves?’ They all said, ‘Allah-azwj and His-azwj Rasool-saww’. So Rasool Allah-saww grabbed Ali-asws Bin Abu Talib-asws and said: ‘The one whom I-saww was a Moula (Master) of, so Ali-asws is his Moula! Our Allah-azwj! Befriend the one who befriends him-asws, and Inimical to the one who is inimical to him-asws, and Help the one who helps him-asws, and Abandon the one who abandons him-asws, for he-asws is from me-saww and I-saww am from him-asws, and he-asws is from me-saww of the status of Haroun-as from Musa-as except that there is no Prophet-saww after me-saww’.

And it was the last Obligation which Allah-azwj the High Obligated upon the community of Muhammad-saww, then Allah-azwj Revealed unto His-azwj Prophet-saww [5:3] This day have I Perfected for you your Religion and Completed My Favour on you and Chosen for you Islam as a Religion’.

Abu Ja’far-asws said: ‘So they received from Rasool-Allah-saww everything which Allah-azwj Commanded them, from the Obligation regarding the Salat (Prayer), and the Soam (Fasts), and the Zakat (alms-giving), and the Hajj (Pilgrimage), and submission to Imam Ali-asws’s (Wilayah) by agreeing with Rasool Allah-saww’.  Ibn Is’haq said, ‘I said to Abu Ja’far-asws, ‘When was that?’ He-asws said: ‘Seventeen nights from Zil-Hajj in the year ten (Hijra) during the returning from the Farewell Hajj (the day of 18th of Zil-Hajj 10 A.H.).[85]

The Rewards of Fasting and the Salaat on Al-Ghadeer

الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْحُسَيْنِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَى الْهَمْدَانِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حَسَّانَ الْوَاسِطِيُّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ الْعَبْدِيُّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الصَّادِقَ ع يَقُولُ‏ صِيَامُ يَوْمِ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ يَعْدِلُ صِيَامَ عُمُرِ الدُّنْيَا لَوْ عَاشَ إِنْسَانٌ ثُمَّ صَامَ مَا عَمَرَتِ الدُّنْيَا لَكَانَ لَهُ ثَوَابُ ذَلِكَ وَ صِيَامُهُ يَعْدِلُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ مِائَةَ حَجَّةٍ وَ مِائَةَ عُمْرَةٍ مَبْرُورَاتٍ مُتَقَبَّلَاتٍ وَ هُوَ عِيدُ اللَّهِ الْأَكْبَرُ وَ مَا بَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ نَبِيّاً قَطُّ إِلَّا وَ تَعَيَّدَ فِي هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَ عَرَفَ حُرْمَتَهُ وَ اسْمُهُ فِي السَّمَاءِ يَوْمُ الْعَهْدِ الْمَعْهُودِ وَ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَوْمُ الْمِيثَاقِ الْمَأْخُوذِ وَ الْجَمْعِ الْمَشْهُودِ

Al Husayn Bin Al Hassan Al Husayni who said, ‘Muhammad Bin Musa Al hamdany narrated to us, from Ali Bin Hassan Al Wasity, from Ali Bin Al Husayn Al Abady who said,

‘I heard Abu Abdullah-asws Al-Sadiq-asws saying: ‘A Fast on the Day of Ghadeer Khumm equates to Fasting the (whole) life of the world if a human being were to live, then Fasts for as long as the world lives, for him would be that Reward, and its Fast equates to, in the Presence of Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic, during every year, one hundred Hajj, and one hundred Umrah performed correctly and Accepted; and it is the greatest Eid of Allah-azwj, and Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic did not Send a Prophet-as at all except that he-as observed Eid during this day and recognised its sanctity, and its name in the sky is the Day of the Assigned Pact, and in the earth it is the day of the Taken Covenant, and the (day) witnessed by the entirety (of the creatures).

Salat on the Day of Ghadeer

مَنْ صَلَّى فِيهِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ يَغْتَسِلُ عِنْدَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَزُولَ مِقْدَارَ نِصْفِ سَاعَةٍ يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ يَقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ سُورَةَ الْحَمْدِ مَرَّةً وَ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ‏ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ وَ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ آيَةَ الْكُرْسِيِّ وَ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ‏ إِنَّا أَنْزَلْناهُ‏ عَدَلَتْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ حَجَّةٍ وَ مِائَةَ أَلْفِ عُمْرَةٍ وَ مَا سَأَلَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ حَاجَةً مِنْ حَوَائِجِ الدُّنْيَا وَ حَوَائِجِ الْآخِرَةِ إِلَّا قُضِيَتْ‏ كَائِنَةً مَا كَانَتِ الْحَاجَةُ

The one who prays two Cycles of Salat during it should wash at midday before it (the sun) starts its decline by a measurement of half an hour, asking Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic, reciting during each Cycle Surah Al-Hamd (Chapter 1) once and Surah Al-Ikhlas (Chapter 112) ten times, and Ayat Al-Kursy (Chapter 2:255) ten times, and Surah Inna Anzalna ten times, equating in the Presence of Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic to one hundred thousand Hajj and one hundred thousand Umrah; and one would not ask Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic for a need from the need of the world and the needs of the Hereafter except that it would be Fulfilled’

وَ إِنْ فَاتَتْكَ الرَّكْعَتَانِ وَ الدُّعَاءُ قَضَيْتَهُمَا بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ وَ مَنْ فَطَّرَ فِيهِ مُؤْمِناً كَانَ كَمَنْ أَطْعَمَ فِئَاماً وَ فِئَاماً وَ فِئَاماً فَلَمْ يَزَلْ يَعُدُّ إِلَى أَنْ عَقَدَ بِيَدِهِ عَشْراً ثُمَّ قَالَ أَ تَدْرِي كَمِ الْفِئَامُ قُلْتُ لَا قَالَ مِائَةُ أَلْفٍ كُلُّ فِئَامٍ كَانَ لَهُ ثَوَابُ مَنْ أَطْعَمَ بِعَدَدِهَا مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ الصِّدِّيقِينَ وَ الشُّهَداءِ فِي حَرَمِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ سَقَاهُمْ‏ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ وَ الدِّرْهَمُ فِيهِ بِأَلْفِ أَلْفِ دِرْهَمٍ

‘And if the two Cycles and the supplication are missed by you, make up for it after that; and the one who breaks (does not Fast) during it, being a Believer, he would be like the one who feeds a Fiyaam and a Fiyaam, and a Fiyaam’, and he-asws did not cease to repeat up to he-asws indicated ten with his-asws hand, then said: ‘Do you know how much is that Fiyaam?’ I said, ‘No’. He-asws said: ‘One hundred thousand (people).For each Fiyaam, there would be for him a Reward of the one who feed, by its number from the Prophets-as, and the truthful, and the martyrs in the Harram of Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic, and quenches them in a day of hunger. And the Dirham (given in charity) during it (equates to) a thousand Dirham.

قَالَ لَعَلَّكَ تَرَى أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ خَلَقَ يَوْماً أَعْظَمَ حُرْمَةً مِنْهُ لَا وَ اللَّهِ لَا وَ اللَّهِ لَا وَ اللَّهِ

He-asws said: ‘Perhaps you are viewing that Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic Created a day greater in sanctity than it? No, by Allah-azwj! No, by Allah-azwj! No, by Allah-azwj!’

The most superior of the Eids is Eid of Al-Ghadeer

قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ:

He said, ‘It was narrated to us by Ibrahim Bin Hashim, from Al Qasim Bin Yahya, from his grandfather Al Hassan Bin Rashid,

قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ عِيدٌ غَيْرُ الْعِيدَيْنِ قَالَ نَعَمْ يَا حَسَنُ أَعْظَمُهَا وَ أَشْرَفُهَا قَالَ قُلْتُ وَ أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ؟ قَالَ يَوْمٌ نُصِبَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع عَلَماً لِلنَّاسِ قَالَ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَ أَيُّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ؟ قَالَ إِنَّ الْأَيَّامَ تَدُورُ وَ هُوَ يَوْمُ ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws, said, ‘I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! Is there an Eid for the Muslims other than the two Eids (Al-Fitr and Al-Az’ha)?’ He-asws said: ‘Yes, O Hassan, greater than the two and more noble’. He said, ‘I said, ‘And which day is it?’ He-asws said: ‘The day in which Amir Al-Momineen-asws was nominated as a ‘عَلَماً’ flag for the people’. He said, ‘And which day is it?’ He-asws said: ‘The days turn around, and it is the eighteenth day from Zil-Hajj’.

قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ وَ مَا يَنْبَغِي أَنْ نَصْنَعَ فِيهِ؟ قَالَ تَصُومُهُ يَا حَسَنُ وَ تُكْثِرُ فِيهِ الصَّلَاةَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ وَ تَتَبَرَّأُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِمَّنْ ظَلَمَهُمْ حَقَّهُمْ

He said, ‘I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! And what is befitting for me to do during it?’ He-asws said: ‘You should Fast in it, O Hassan, and frequent during it the Salawat upon Muhammad-saww and the People-asws of his-saww Household, and disavow to Allah-azwj from the ones who oppressed them-asws of their rights’.

قَالَ فَإِنَّ الْأَنْبِيَاءَ ع كَانَتْ تَأْمُرُ الْأَوْصِيَاءَ بِالْيَوْمِ الَّذِي يُقَامُ فِيهِ الْوَصِيُّ أَنْ يُتَّخَذَ عِيداً

He-asws said: ‘The (former) Prophets-as used to instruct the succesors-as with the day in which the successor-as would stand (with the command) during it, that it should be taken as an Eid (Festival)’.

قَالَ قُلْتُ فَمَا لِمَنْ صَامَهُ مِنَّا؟ قَالَ صِيَامُ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً لَكُمْ وَ لَا تَدَعْ صِيَامَ يَوْمِ سَبْعَةٍ وَ عِشْرِينَ مِنْ رَجَبٍ فَإِنَّهُ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَتْ فِيهِ النُّبُوَّةُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ ص وَ ثَوَابُهُ مِثْلُ سِتِّينَ شَهْراً.

He said, ‘I said, ‘So what (Reward) is for the one from us who Fasts during it?’ He-asws said: ‘The (Reward of the) Fasts of sixty months for you, and do not leave the Fasting of the twenty-seventh day of Rajab, for it is the day in which the Prophet-hood was Revealed upon Muhammad-saww, and its Reward is like sixty months’’.[86]

عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ جَدِّهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ قَالَ:

From Al Qasim Bin Yahya, from his grandfather Al Hassan Bin Rashid who said,

قِيلَ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنَ الْأَعْيَادِ عِيدٌ غَيْرُ الْعِيدَيْنِ وَ الْجُمُعَةِ؟ قَالَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ لَهُمْ مَا هُوَ أَعْظَمُ مِنْ هَذَا يَوْمَ أُقِيمَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع فَعَقَدَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص الْوَلَايَةَ فِي أَعْنَاقِ الرِّجَالِ بِغَدِيرِ خُمٍّ

‘It was said to Abu Abdullah-asws, ‘For the Momineen, from the Eids, there is an Eid apart from the two Eids (Al-Fitr and Al-Az’ha), and the Friday?’ So he-asws said: ‘Yes. For them is what is greater than this. The Day in which Amir Al-Momineen-asws was made to stand and Rasool-Allah-saww covenanted the Wilayah for him-asws in the necks of the men at Ghadeer Khumm’.

فَقُلْتُ وَ أَيُّ يَوْمٍ ذَلِكَ؟ قَالَ الْأَيَّامُ تَخْتَلِفُ ثُمَّ قَالَ ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشَرَ مِنْ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَ الْعَمَلُ فِيهِ يَعْدِلُ الْعَمَلَ فِي ثَمَانِينَ شَهْراً وَ يَنْبَغِي أَنْ تُكْثِرَ فِيهِ ذِكْرَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَ الصَّلَاةَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَ يُوَسِّعَ الرَّجُلُ فِيهِ عَلَى عِيَالِهِ.

So I said, ‘And which day is that?’ He-asws said: ‘The days differ’. Then he-asws said: ‘The eighteenth of Zilhajj’. Then he-asws said: ‘And the deeds during it equate to the deeds in eighty months, and it is befitting if you frequent during it the Mention of Allah-azwj the Exalted, and the Salawat upon the Prophet-saww, and the man should expand (spend more) upon his dependants during it’’.[87]

The words of Al-Sadiq-asws: ‘Fastng on the Day of Ghadeer is an expiation of sixty years (of sins)’.

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: صَوْمُ يَوْمِ غَدِيرِ خُمٍّ كَفَّارَةُ سِتِّينَ سَنَةً.

From Abu Abdullah-asws having said: ‘Fasting on the Day of Ghadeer Khumm is an expiation of sixty years (of sins)’’.[88]

Supplication on the Day of Ghadeer:

ثُمَّ قَالَ وَ لْيَكُنْ مِنْ قَوْلِكُمْ إِذَا الْتَقَيْتُمْ أَنْ تَقُولُوا

Then he-asws said: ‘And let it happen to be your words, when you meet (this Day of Ghadeer), that you should be saying,

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَكْرَمَنَا بِهَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَ جَعَلَنَا مِنَ الْمُوفِينَ بِعَهْدِهِ إِلَيْنَا وَ مِيثَاقِهِ الَّذِي وَاثَقَنَا بِهِ مِنْ وَلَايَةِ وُلَاةِ أَمْرِهِ وَ الْقُوَّامِ بِقِسْطِهِ وَ لَمْ يَجْعَلْنَا مِنَ الْجَاحِدِينَ وَ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ

‘The Praise is for Allah-azwj Who Honoured us with this Day and Made us to be from the loyalists with its pledge to us and with its Covenant we have been Covenanted with, from the Wilayah of the Masters-asws of the Command, the establishers with its equity, and did not Make us to be from the ungrateful ones and the beliers in the Day of the Religion’.

ثُمَّ قَالَ وَ لْيَكُنْ مِنْ دُعَائِكَ فِي دُبُرِ هَاتَيْنِ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ أَنْ تَقُولَ-

Then he-asws said: ‘And let it happen to be from your supplication at the end of these two Cycles (of Salat) that you should be saying,

رَبَّنا إِنَّنا سَمِعْنا مُنادِياً يُنادِي‏ لِلْإِيمانِ‏ أَنْ آمِنُوا بِرَبِّكُمْ فَآمَنَّا رَبَّنا فَاغْفِرْ لَنا ذُنُوبَنا وَ كَفِّرْ عَنَّا سَيِّئاتِنا وَ تَوَفَّنا مَعَ الْأَبْرارِ رَبَّنا وَ آتِنا ما وَعَدْتَنا عَلى‏ رُسُلِكَ وَ لا تُخْزِنا يَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ إِنَّكَ لا تُخْلِفُ الْمِيعادَ

‘Our Lord-azwj! We heard a caller calling for the Eman (faith): ‘Believe in your Lord-azwj!’ So we believed, our Lord-azwj. Therefore, Forgive our sins for us and Cover our evil deeds of our and Join us along with the righteous ones, our Lord-azwj and Give us what You-azwj Promised us by Your-azwj Rasool-saww, and do not Disgrace us on the Day of Judgement. You-azwj do not Break the Promise’.

ثُمَّ تَقُولُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ-

Then you should be saying after that,

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أُشْهِدُكَ وَ كَفَى بِكَ شَهِيداً وَ أُشْهِدُ مَلَائِكَتَكَ وَ حَمَلَةَ عَرْشِكَ وَ سُكَّانَ سَمَاوَاتِكَ وَ أَرْضِكَ بِأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ الْمَعْبُودُ الَّذِي لَيْسَ مِنْ لَدُنْ عَرْشِكَ إِلَى قَرَارِ أَرْضِكَ مَعْبُودٌ يُعْبَدُ سِوَاكَ إِلَّا بَاطِلٌ مُضْمَحِلٌّ غَيْرُ وَجْهِكَ الْكَرِيمِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ الْمَعْبُودُ فَلَا مَعْبُودَ سِوَاكَ تَعَالَيْتَ عَمَّا يَقُولُ الظَّالِمُونَ عُلُوّاً كَبِيراً

‘O Allah-azwj! I hold You-azwj as a Witness and suffice with You-azwj as a Witness, and hold Your-azwj Angels and bearers of the Your-azwj Throne, and dwellers of Your-azwj skies and Your-azwj earth with You-azwj. You-azwj are Allah-azwj, there being no god except for You-azwj. The worshipped One, there is none worshipped from Your-azwj Throne up to Your-azwj earth besides You-azwj, except that it is a vanishing falsehood without Your-azwj Benevolent Face. There is no god except for You-azwj, the worshipped One, and there is no worshipped one besides You-azwj, Exalted from what the unjust are saying, Higher, Greater.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً ص عَبْدُكَ وَ رَسُولُكَ وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ عَلِيّاً صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ وَلِيُّهُمْ وَ مَوْلَاهُمْ رَبَّنَا إِنَّنَا سَمِعْنَا بِالنِّدَاءِ وَ صَدَّقْنَا الْمُنَادِيَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا نَادَى بِنِدَاءٍ عَنْكَ بِالَّذِي أَمَرْتَهُ بِهِ أَنْ يُبَلِّغَ مَا أَنْزَلْتَ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ وَلَايَةِ وَلِيِّ أَمْرِكَ

I testify that Muhammad-saww is Your-azwj servant and Your-azwj Rasool-saww. And I testify that Ali-asws is Amir-ul-Momineen-asws and their (Believer’s) Guardian and their Master. Our Lord-azwj! We heard the call and we ratified the Caller Rasool-Allah-saww when he-saww called with the Call from You-azwj, by which You-azwj Commanded him-saww with, that he-saww delivered what was Revealed unto him-saww from the Wilayah of the Masters of the Your-azwj Command.

فَحَذَّرْتَهُ وَ أَنْذَرْتَهُ إِنْ لَمْ يُبَلِّغْ أَنْ تَسْخَطَ عَلَيْهِ وَ أَنَّهُ إِنْ بَلَّغَ رِسَالاتِكَ عَصَمْتَهُ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَنَادَى مُبَلِّغاً وَحْيَكَ وَ رِسَالاتِكَ أَلَا مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلَاهُ فَعَلِيٌّ مَوْلَاهُ وَ مَنْ كُنْتُ وَلِيَّهُ فَعَلِيٌّ وَلِيُّهُ وَ مَنْ كُنْتُ نَبِيَّهُ فَعَلِيٌّ أَمِيرُهُ

So You-azwj Cautioned him-saww and Warned him-saww that if he-saww were not to deliver (the Message) You-azwj would be Angered upon him-saww, and if he-saww does deliver Your-azwj Message You-azwj would Protect him-saww from the people. So he-saww called out delivering Your-azwj Revelation and Your-azwj Message: ‘Indeed! The one whose Master I-saww was, so Ali-asws is his Master, and the one whose guardian I-saww was, so Ali-asws is his guardian, and the one whose Prophet-as I-saww was, so Ali-asws is his Emir’.

رَبَّنَا فَقَدْ أَجَبْنَا دَاعِيَكَ‏ النَّذِيرَ الْمُنْذِرَ مُحَمَّداً ص عَبْدَكَ وَ رَسُولَكَ إِلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ ع الَّذِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِ وَ جَعَلْتَهُ مَثَلًا- لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنَّهُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ مَوْلَاهُمْ وَ وَلِيُّهُمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ فَإِنَّكَ قُلْتَ‏ إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا عَبْدٌ أَنْعَمْنا عَلَيْهِ وَ جَعَلْناهُ مَثَلًا لِبَنِي إِسْرائِيلَ‏

Our Lord-azwj! We have answered Your-azwj Caller, the warner, the Warned, Muhammad-saww, Your-azwj servant and Your-azwj Rasool-saww, to Ali-asws Bin Abu Talib-asws whom You-azwj Favoured upon him-saww and Made him-asws as an example for the Children of Israel. He-asws is their Amir-ul-Momineen-asws and their Master, and their Guardian up to the Day of Judgement, the Day of the Religion, for You-azwj Said [43:59] He was naught but a servant on whom We Bestowed Favour, and We made him an example for the children of Israel.

رَبَّنَا آمَنَّا وَ اتَّبَعْنَا مَوْلَانَا وَ وَلِيَّنَا وَ هَادِيَنَا وَ دَاعِيَنَا وَ دَاعِيَ الْأَنَامِ وَ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ السَّوِيَّ وَ حُجَّتَكَ وَ سَبِيلَكَ الدَّاعِيَ إِلَيْكَ عَلَى بَصِيرَةٍ هُوَ وَ مَنِ اتَّبَعَهُ وَ سُبْحانَ اللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ* بِوَلَايَتِهِ وَ بِمَا يُلْحِدُونَ بِاتِّخَاذِ الْوَلَائِجِ دُونَهُ

Our Lord-azwj! We believed, and we followed our Master-asws, and our Guardian, and our Guide, and our Caller, and Caller of the people, and Your-azwj Straight Path, the even, and Your-azwj Proof, and Your-azwj Way. The Caller to You-azwj upon vision, him-asws and the ones who follow him, and Glorious is Allah-azwj from what they are associating with his-asws Wilayah, and with what they are perverting by taking a confidant besides him-asws.

فَأَشْهَدُ يَا إِلَهِي أَنَّهُ الْإِمَامُ الْهَادِي الْمُرْشِدُ الرَّشِيدُ عَلِيٌّ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِي ذَكَرْتَهُ فِي كِتَابِكَ فَقُلْتَ- وَ إِنَّهُ فِي أُمِّ الْكِتابِ‏ لَدَيْنا لَعَلِيٌّ حَكِيمٌ‏ لَا أُشْرِكُ مَعَهُ إِمَاماً وَ لَا أَتَّخِذُ مِنْ دُونِهِ وَلِيجَةً

So I testify, O my Allah-azwj, that he-asws is the Imam-asws, the Guide, the leader, the rightly Guided, Ali Amir-ul-Momineen-asws whom You-azwj Mentioned in Your-azwj Book, so You-azwj Said [43:4] And surely it is in the Mother of the Book with Us, for Ali, a wise (man). I do not associate any (other) imam with him-asws nor do I take a confidant besides him-asws.

اللَّهُمَّ فَإِنَّا نَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ عَبْدُكَ الْهَادِي مِنْ بَعْدِ نَبِيِّكَ النَّذِيرُ الْمُنْذِرُ وَ صِرَاطُكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمُ وَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ قَائِدُ الْغُرِّ الْمُحَجَّلِينَ وَ حُجَّتُكَ الْبَالِغَةُ وَ لِسَانُكَ الْمُعَبِّرُ عَنْكَ فِي خَلْقِكَ وَ الْقَائِمُ بِالْقِسْطِ مِنْ بَعْدِ نَبِيِّكَ وَ دَيَّانُ دِينِكَ وَ خَازِنُ عِلْمِكَ وَ مَوْضِعُ سِرِّكَ وَ عَيْبَةُ عِلْمِكَ وَ أَمِينُكَ الْمَأْمُونُ الْمَأْخُوذُ مِيثَاقُهُ مَعَ مِيثَاقِ رَسُولِكَ ص مِنْ جَمِيعِ خَلْقِكَ وَ بَرِيَّتِكَ شَهَادَةً بِالْإِخْلَاصِ لَكَ بِالْوَحْدَانِيَّةِ بِأَنَّكَ

O Allah-azwj! We testify that he-asws is Your-azwj servant, the Guide from after Your-azwj Prophet-saww, the warner, the Warned, and Your-azwj Straight Path, and Amir-ul-Momineen-asws, and the Guide of the resplendent (faces), and Your-azwj delivered Proof, and Your-azwj expressive tongue from You-azwj among Your-azwj creatures, and the established with the equity from after Your-azwj Prophet-saww, establisher of Your-azwj Religion, and a treasurer of Your-azwj Knowledge, and a place of Your-azwj Secrets, and a holder of Your-azwj Knowledge, and Your-azwj trustworthy Trustee, the one for whom the Covenant was taken along with Your-azwj Prophet-saww, from the entirety of Your-azwj creatures, and Your-azwj righteous one with the sincerity to You-azwj, with the Oneness with You-azwj.

أَنْتَ اللَّهُ الَّذِي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ وَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُكَ وَ رَسُولُكَ وَ عَلِيّاً أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ أَنَّ الْإِقْرَارَ بِوَلَايَتِهِ تَمَامُ تَوْحِيدِكَ وَ الْإِخْلَاصُ بِوَحْدَانِيَّتِكَ وَ كَمَالُ دِينِكَ وَ تَمَامُ نِعْمَتِكَ وَ فَضْلِكَ عَلَى جَمِيعِ خَلْقِكَ وَ بَرِيَّتِكَ فَإِنَّكَ قُلْتَ وَ قَوْلُكَ الْحَقُّ- الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَ أَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَ رَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلامَ دِيناً

You-azwj are Allah-azwj Who, there is no god except for You-azwj, and that Muhammad-saww is Your-azwj servant and Your-azwj Rasool-saww, and Ali-asws is Amir-ul-Momineen-asws, and that the acceptance with his-asws Wilayah completes Your-azwj Oneness (Tawheed), and the sincerity with Your-azwj Oneness, and perfects Your-azwj Religion, and completes Your-azwj Favour and Your-azwj Grace upon the entirety of Your-azwj creatures and Your-azwj righteous ones, for You-azwj Said, and Your-azwj Words are true [5:3] This day have I Perfected for you your Religion and Completed My Favour on you and Chosen for you Islam as a Religion.

اللَّهُمَّ فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ عَلَى مَا مَنَنْتَ بِهِ عَلَيْنَا مِنَ الْإِخْلَاصِ لَكَ بِوَحْدَانِيَّتِكَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا لِمُوَالاةِ وَلِيِّكَ الْهَادِي مِنْ بَعْدِ نَبِيِّكَ الْمُنْذِرِ وَ رَضِيتَ لَنَا الْإِسْلَامَ دِيناً بِمُوَالاتِهِ وَ أَتْمَمْتَ عَلَيْنَا نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي جَدَّدْتَ لَنَا عَهْدَكَ وَ مِيثَاقَكَ وَ ذَكَّرْتَنَا ذَلِكَ وَ جَعَلْتَنَا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِخْلَاصِ وَ التَّصْدِيقِ بِعَهْدِكَ وَ مِيثَاقِكَ وَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْوَفَاءِ بِذَلِكَ وَ لَمْ تَجْعَلْنَا مِنَ النَّاكِثِينَ وَ الْجَاحِدِينَ وَ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ

O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj is the Praise upon what You-azwj Favoured with upon us, from the sincerity to You-azwj with Your-azwj Oneness when You-azwj Guided us to the guardianship of Your-azwj Guardian, the Guide from after Your-azwj Prophet-saww, the warner, and were Pleased for us with Al-Islam as a Religion with his-asws Wilayah, and Completed Your-azwj Favour upon us which renewed for us Your-azwj Pledge and Your-azwj Covenant, and Made us to remember that, and Made us to be from the people of sincerity and the ratifiers of Your-azwj Pledge and Your-azwj Covenant, and to be from the people of the loyalty with that, and did not Make us to be from the breakers, and the rejecters, and the beliers of the Day of the Religion.

وَ لَمْ تَجْعَلْنَا مِنْ أَتْبَاعِ الْمُغَيِّرِينَ وَ الْمُبَدِّلِينَ وَ الْمُنْحَرِفِينَ وَ الْمُبَتِّكِينَ آذَانَ الْأَنْعَامِ‏ وَ الْمُغَيِّرِينَ خَلْقَ اللَّهِ وَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ‏ اسْتَحْوَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّيْطانُ فَأَنْساهُمْ ذِكْرَ اللَّهِ‏ وَ صَدَّهُمْ عَنِ السَّبِيلِ وَ عَنِ الصِّرَاطِ الْمُسْتَقِيمِ

And You-azwj did not Make us to be from the followers of those (who) altered (religion), and the changers, and the distorters (of the religion), and the replacers of the Declaration of the ‘Al-Anaami’ (Wilayah of Ali-asws ibn Abi Talib-asws), and the alterers of the creatures of Allah-azwj, and from those whom the Satanla overcame, so hela made them forget the Mention of Allah-azwj and blocked them from the Way, and from the Straight Path’.

وَ أَكْثِرْ مِنْ قَوْلِكَ فِي يَوْمِكَ وَ لَيْلَتِكَ أَنْ تَقُولَ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنِ الْجَاحِدِينَ وَ النَّاكِثِينَ وَ الْمُغَيِّرِينَ وَ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ مِنَ الْأَوَّلِينَ وَ الْآخِرِينَ اللَّهُمَّ فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ عَلَى إِنْعَامِكَ عَلَيْنَا بِالَّذِي هَدَيْتَنَا إِلَى وَلَايَةِ وُلَاةِ أَمْرِكَ مِنْ بَعْدِ نَبِيِّكَ الْأَئِمَّةِ الْهُدَاةِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الَّذِينَ جَعَلْتَهُمْ أَرْكَاناً لِتَوْحِيدِكَ وَ أَعْلَامَ الْهُدَى وَ مَنَارَ التَّقْوَى وَ الْعُرْوَةَ الْوُثْقَى وَ كَمَالَ دِينِكَ وَ تَمَامَ نِعْمَتِكَ

And frequent from your words during your day and your night that you should be saying, ‘O Allah-azwj! Curse the rejecters, and the breakers, and the alterers and the beliers of the Day of the Religion, from the former ones and the later ones. O Allah-azwj! For You-azwj is the Praise upon Your-azwj Favours upon us by which You-azwj Guided us to the command of the Masters-asws of the Command from after Your-azwj Prophet-saww, the Imams-asws of Guidance, the rightly Guided whom You-azwj Made to be as cornerstones of Your-azwj Oneness (Tawheed), and banners of the Guidance, and Minarets of the piety, and the Firm handles, and perfection of Your-azwj Religion, and completion of Your-azwj Favour.

فَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ آمَنَّا بِكَ وَ صَدَّقْنَا بِنَبِيِّكَ وَ اتَّبَعْنَا مِنْ بَعْدِهِ النَّذِيرَ الْمُنْذِرَ وَ وَالَيْنَا وَلِيَّهُمْ وَ عَادَيْنَا عَدُوَّهُمْ وَ بَرِئْنَا مِنَ الْجَاحِدِينَ وَ النَّاكِثِينَ وَ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

For You-azwj is the Praise. We believe in You-azwj, and we ratify Your-azwj Prophet-saww, and we follow from after him-saww, the warner, the Warned, and we befriend their-asws friends and are inimical to their-asws enemies, and we disavow from the rejecters, and the breakers, and the beliers, up to the Day of Judgement.

اللَّهُمَّ فَكَمَا كَانَ مِنْ شَأْنِكَ يَا صَادِقَ الْوَعْدِ يَا مَنْ‏ لا يُخْلِفُ الْمِيعادَ*- يَا مَنْ هُوَ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ فِي شَأْنٍ أَنْ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْنَا بِمُوَالاةِ أَوْلِيَائِكَ الْمَسْئُولِ عَنْهَا عِبَادُكَ فَإِنَّكَ قُلْتَ وَ قَوْلُكَ الْحَقُّ- ثُمَّ لَتُسْئَلُنَ‏ يَوْمَئِذٍ عَنِ النَّعِيمِ‏ وَ قُلْتَ‏ وَ قِفُوهُمْ إِنَّهُمْ مَسْؤُلُونَ

O Allah-azwj! So if it was from Your-azwj Glory, O Truthful, the promise, O one who does not break the Promise! O the One Who is in Glory every day! You-azwj Favoured upon us with the guardianship of Your-azwj Guardians, the ones whom Your-azwj servants would be questioned about, for You-azwj Said, and Your-azwj Words are True [102:8] Then on that day you shall most certainly be questioned about the boons, and You-azwj Said [37:24] And stop them, for they shall be questioned.

‏ وَ مَنَنْتَ عَلَيْنَا بِشَهَادَةِ الْإِخْلَاصِ لَكَ بِمُوَالاةِ أَوْلِيَائِكَ الْهُدَاةِ مِنْ بَعْدِ النَّذِيرِ الْمُنْذِرِ وَ السِّرَاجِ الْمُنِيرِ وَ أَكْمَلْتَ الدِّينَ بِمُوَالاتِهِمْ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ عَدُوِّهِمْ وَ أَتْمَمْتَ عَلَيْنَا النِّعْمَةَ الَّتِي جَدَّدْتَ لَنَا عَهْدَكَ وَ ذَكَّرْتَنَا مِيثَاقَكَ الْمَأْخُوذَ مِنَّا فِي مُبْتَدَإِ خَلْقِكَ إِيَّانَا وَ جَعَلْتَنَا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِجَابَةِ وَ ذَكَّرْتَنَا الْعَهْدَ وَ الْمِيثَاقَ وَ لَمْ تُنْسِنَا ذِكْرَكَ فَإِنَّكَ قُلْتَ‏ وَ إِذْ أَخَذَ رَبُّكَ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ مِنْ ظُهُورِهِمْ ذُرِّيَّتَهُمْ وَ أَشْهَدَهُمْ عَلى‏ أَنْفُسِهِمْ أَ لَسْتُ بِرَبِّكُمْ قالُوا بَلى‏ اللَّهُمَّ بَلَى

And You-azwj Favoured upon us with the sincere testimony to You-azwj with the guardianship of Your-azwj Guardians, the Guides from after the warner, the Warned, and the Radiant Lamp, and Completed the Religion by their-asws Wilayah, and the disavowing from their-asws enemies; and You-azwj Favoured upon us with the Favour which renewed for us Your-azwj Pledge, and reminded us of Your-azwj Covenant Taken from us during the beginning of Your-azwj Creation of us, and Made us to be from the answering people and reminded us of the Pledge and the Covenant, and we did not forget Your-azwj Mentioned, for You-azwj Said [7:172] And when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their backs, their descendants, and made them testify against their own souls: Am I not your Lord? They said: Yes! O Allah-azwj! Yes.

شَهِدْنَا بِمَنِّكَ وَ لُطْفِكَ بِأَنَّكَ أَنْتَ اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ رَبُّنَا وَ مُحَمَّدٌ عَبْدُكَ وَ رَسُولُكَ نَبِيُّنَا وَ عَلِيٌّ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْحُجَّةُ الْعُظْمَى وَ آيَتُكَ الْكُبْرَى وَ النَّبَأُ الْعَظِيمُ‏ الَّذِي هُمْ فِيهِ مُخْتَلِفُونَ‏

We testify in Your-azwj Favour and Your-azwj Kindness that You-azwj are Allah-azwj, there being no God except for You-azwj, our Lord-azwj; and Muhammad-saww is Your-azwj Rasool-saww, our Prophet-saww; and Ali-asws is Amir-ul-Momineen-asws, and the magnificent Proof, and Your-azwj greatest Sign [78:2] About the Great News, [78:3] About which they are differing.

اللَّهُمَّ فَكَمَا كَانَ مِنْ شَأْنِكَ أَنْ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْنَا بِالْهِدَايَةِ إِلَى مَعْرِفَتِهِمْ فَلْيَكُنْ مِنْ شَأْنِكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَنْ تُبَارِكَ لَنَا فِي يَوْمِنَا هَذَا الَّذِي ذَكَّرْتَنَا فِيهِ عَهْدَكَ وَ مِيثَاقَكَ وَ أَكْمَلْتَ دِينَنَا وَ أَتْمَمْتَ عَلَيْنَا نِعْمَتَكَ وَ جَعَلْتَنَا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِجَابَةِ وَ الْإِخْلَاصِ بِوَحْدَانِيَّتِكَ وَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْإِيمَانِ وَ التَّصْدِيقِ بِوَلَايَةِ أَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكَ وَ أَعْدَاءِ أَوْلِيَائِكَ‏ الْجَاحِدِينَ الْمُكَذِّبِينَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ

O Allah-azwj! So if it was from Your-azwj Glory that You-azwj should Favour upon us with the Guidance to recognising them-asws, so let it happen from Your-azwj Glory that You-azwj should Send Blessings upon Muhammad-saww and the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww, and that You-azwj Bless for us during this day of ours in which You-azwj Reminded us of Your-azwj Pledge, and Your-azwj Covenant, and Perfected our Religion, and Completed Your-azwj Favour upon us, and Made us to be from the answering people, the ones sincere with Your-azwj Oneness, and the ones from the people of the faith, and the ratification with the Wilayah of Your-azwj Guardians, and the disavowing from Your-azwj enemies and the enemies of Your-azwj Guardians, the rejectors, and the beliers in the Day of the Religion.

وَ أَنْ لَا تَجْعَلَنَا مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ وَ لَا تُلْحِقَنَا بِالْمُكَذِّبِينَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ وَ اجْعَلْ لَنَا قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ مَعَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَ تَجْعَلُ لَنَا مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَاماً إِلَى يَوْمِ الدِّينِ يَوْمَ يُدْعَى كُلُ‏ أُناسٍ بِإِمامِهِمْ‏ وَ احْشُرْنَا فِي زُمْرَةِ الْهُدَاةِ الْمَهْدِيِّينَ وَ أَحْيِنَا مَا أَحْيَيْتَنَا عَلَى الْوَفَاءِ بِعَهْدِكَ وَ مِيثَاقِكَ الْمَأْخُوذِ مِنَّا وَ عَلَيْنَا لَكَ وَ اجْعَلْ لَنَا مَعَ الرَّسُولِ سَبِيلًا وَ ثَبِّتْ لَنَا قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ فِي الْهِجْرَةِ

And that You-azwj did not Make us to be from the deviators, and do not Join us with the beliers in the Day of the Religion, and Make for us true steps along with the Prophets-as, and Make for us an Imam-asws along with the pious up to the Day of Judgement, a Day in which every human being would be called with their Imam; and Resurrect us in a tranquil group, the guided ones, and Revive for us what we should be revived upon – the loyalty with Your-azwj Pledge and Your-azwj Covenant Taken from us, and upon us, for You-azwj; and Make for us a way with the Rasools-as and Affirm true steps for us during the migration.

اللَّهُمَّ وَ اجْعَلْ مَحْيَانَا خَيْرَ الْمَحْيَا وَ مَمَاتَنَا خَيْرَ الْمَمَاتِ وَ مُنْقَلَبَنَا خَيْرَ الْمُنْقَلَبِ حَتَّى تَوَفَّانَا وَ أَنْتَ عَنَّا رَاضٍ قَدْ أَوْجَبْتَ لَنَا حُلُولَ جَنَّتِكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ وَ الْمَثْوَى فِي دَارِكَ وَ الْإِنَابَةَ إِلَى دَارِ الْمُقَامَةِ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ‏ لا يَمَسُّنا فِيها نَصَبٌ وَ لا يَمَسُّنا فِيها لُغُوبٌ‏

O Allah-azwj! And Make our life to be the best of the lives, and our death to be the best of the deaths, and our transfer to be the best of the transfers until we die and You-azwj are Pleased, having had Obligated the inhabiting in Your-azwj Paradise by Your-azwj Mercy, and the boarding in Your-azwj House, and the turning to Your-azwj Prepared House, from Your-azwj Grace. Neither will cheating touch us therein nor a vanity.

رَبَّنَا إِنَّكَ أَمَرْتَنَا بِطَاعَةِ وُلَاةِ أَمْرِكَ وَ أَمَرْتَنَا أَنْ نَكُونَ مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ فَقُلْتَ‏ أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَ أَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَ أُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ‏ وَ قُلْتَ‏ اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَ كُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ‏ فَسَمِعْنَا وَ أَطَعْنَا

Our Lord-azwj! You-azwj Commanded us with the obedience to the Masters of Your-azwj Command and that we should come to be with the truthful, so You-azwj Said [4:59] O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Rasool and those with the authority from among you. And You-azwj Said: [9:119] O you who believe! Fear Allah and be with the truthful ones. So we hear and we obeyed.

رَبَّنَا فَ ثَبِّتْ أَقْدامَنا* وَ تَوَفَّنا مُسْلِمِينَ‏ مُصَدِّقِينَ لِأَوْلِيَائِكَ وَ لا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنا وَ هَبْ لَنا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْوَهَّابُ‏

Our Lord-azwj! Affirm our feet and Cause us to die as Muslims, having ratified Your-azwj Guardians and do not let our hearts to deviate after having Guided us, and Endow Mercy upon us from Yourself-azwj, You-azwj being the Endower.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِالْحَقِّ الَّذِي جَعَلْتَهُ عِنْدَهُمْ وَ بِالَّذِي فَضَّلْتَهُمْ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ جَمِيعاً أَنْ تُبَارِكَ لَنَا فِي يَوْمِنَا هَذَا الَّذِي أَكْرَمْتَنَا فِيهِ وَ أَنْ تُتِمَّ عَلَيْنَا نِعْمَتَكَ وَ تَجْعَلَهُ عِنْدَنَا مُسْتَقَرّاً وَ لَا تَسْلُبَنَاهُ أَبَداً وَ لَا تَجْعَلَهُ مُسْتَوْدَعاً فَإِنَّكَ قُلْتَ‏ فَمُسْتَقَرٌّ وَ مُسْتَوْدَعٌ‏ فَاجْعَلْهُ مُسْتَقَرّاً وَ لَا تَجْعَلْهُ مُسْتَوْدَعاً

O Allah-azwj! I ask You-azwj by the right which You-azwj Made it to be with them-asws, and by which You-azwj Merited them-asws upon the entirety of the worlds, that You-azwj Bless for us in this day of ours which You-azwj Honoured us in, and that You-azwj Complete Your-azwj Favours upon us, and Make it to be a permanency to us and not Confiscate it, ever, and do not Make it as a temporary depository, for You-azwj Said [6:98] then there is a (permanent) resting-place and a (temporary) depository. Therefore, Make it to be permanent and do not Make it to be temporary.

وَ ارْزُقْنَا نَصْرَ دِينِكَ مَعَ وَلِيٍّ هَادٍ مَنْصُورٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِ نَبِيِّكَ وَ اجْعَلْنَا مَعَهُ وَ تَحْتَ رَايَتِهِ شُهَدَاءَ صِدِّيقِينَ فِي سَبِيلِكَ وَ عَلَى نُصْرَةِ دِينِكَ

And Grace us with helping Your-azwj Religion along with a Guardian, a helping Guide from the People-asws of the Household of Your-azwj Prophets, and make us to be with him-asws, and beneath his-asws banner, as martyrs, truthful in Your-azwj Way, and upon helping Your-azwj Religion’.

ثُمَّ تَسْأَلُ بَعْدَهَا حَاجَتَكَ لِلدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ فَإِنَّهَا وَ اللَّهِ مَقْضِيَّةٌ فِي هَذَا الْيَوْمِ.

Then you should ask after it, for your need of the world and the Hereafter, for it, by Allah-azwj, would be Fulfilled in this day’.[89]

Eid-e-Mubahla (24th of Zilhajj):

[3:59] Surely the example of Isa with Allah is like the example of Adam; He Created him from dust, then said to him, Be, and he became

Our 6th Imam (Abu Abd Allah-asws) says: ‘The Christians of Najran[90] sent a delegation to Rasool-Allah-saww (for debating). They performed their Prayers by ringing the bells, and they Prayed. So the companions of Rasool-Allah-saww said, ‘O Rasool-Allah-saww! This (is being done) in your-saww Masjid?’ So he-saww said: ‘Leave them’.

So when they were free, they approached Rasool-Allah-saww and said to him-saww, ‘To what are you-saww inviting us?’ So he-saww said: ‘To the testimony that there is no god except for Allah-azwj, and that I-saww am a Rasool-saww of Allah-azwj, and that Isa-as was a Created servant who used to eat and drink’. So they said, ‘So who was his-as father?’ So the Revelation came down unto Rasool-Allah-saww: “Say to them: ‘What are you all saying regarding Adam-as, who was a Created servant, eating and drinking, and marrying?” So the Prophet-saww asked them. They said, ‘Yes’. So he-saww said: ‘So who was his-as father?’ They were astonished and remained silent. Thus, Allah-azwj Revealed [3:59] Surely the example of Isa with Allah is like the example of Adam; He Created him from dust, then said to him, Be, and he became up to His-azwj Words [3:61] and make the Curse of Allah to be upon the liars.

So Rasool-Allah-saww said: ‘Therefore imprecate (curse on the liar) with me-saww, so if I-saww was truthful the Curse would descend upon you all, but if I-saww were to be untruthful, then it would descend upon me-saww’.

So they said, ‘You are being fair’. Thus, they agreed upon the imprecation. So when they returned to their houses, their chiefs (Al-Sayad, and Al-Aqab and Al-Ahtam) said, ‘If he-saww imprecates with his-saww people, imprecate with him-saww, for he-saww is not a Prophet-saww. However, if he-saww were to imprecate with the People-asws of his-saww Household, then do not imprecate with him-saww, for he-saww would not come forward with his-saww family except if he-saww was truthful’.

So when it was the morning they came to Rasool-Allah-saww, and with him-saww were Amir-ul-Momineen-asws, and Syeda Fatima-asws, and Al-Hassan-asws, and Al-Husayn-asws. So the Christians said, ‘Who are they-asws?’ So it was said to them, ‘This is his-saww cousin-asws, and his-saww successor-asws, and his-saww brother-in-law-asws Ali-asws Bin Abu Talib-asws, and this is his-saww daughter-asws Syed Fatima-asws, and these two are his-saww grandsons-asws Al-Hassan-asws and Al-Husayn-asws’. So they dispersed and said to Rasool-Allah-saww, ‘We shall give you-saww the satisfaction (taxes) therefore excuse us from the imprecation’.

Therefore Rasool-Allah-saww reconciled with them upon the taxation (to be paid), and they left’.[91]

Aza (Lamentations) In Zilhajj:

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبِي يَا جَعْفَرُ أَوْقِفْ لِي مِنْ مَالِي كَذَا وَ كَذَا لِنَوَادِبَ تَنْدُبُنِي عَشْرَ سِنِينَ بِمِنًى أَيَّامَ مِنًى .

A number of our companions, from Ahmad Bin Muhammad, from Ali Bin Al hakam, from Yunus Bin Yaqoub,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Abdullah-asws, said, ‘My-asws father-asws said to me-asws: ‘O Ja’far-asws! Dedicate to me-asws from my-asws such and such wealth for the lamenters to lament me-asws for ten years at Mina in the days of Mina (Hajj)’.[92]

The Month of Muharram:

Muharram 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10

Roz-e-Ashura

11 12

Soyyam of Shuhada-e-Karbala

13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20

10th of Shuhada-e-Karbala

21
22 23 24 25

Shahadat Imam
Zain-ul-Abedeen-asws

26 27 28
29 30

حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَسْرُورٍ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَمِّهِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي مَحْمُودٍ قَالَ

It was narrated to us by Ja’far Bin Muhammad Bin Masrour, from Al Husayn Bin Muhammad Bin Aamir, from his uncle Abullah Bin Aamir, from Ibrahim Bin Abu Mahmoud who said,

قَالَ الرِّضَا ع‏ إِنَّ الْمُحَرَّمَ شَهْرٌ كَانَ أَهْلُ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ يُحَرِّمُونَ فِيهِ الْقِتَالَ فَاسْتُحِلَّتْ فِيهِ دِمَاؤُنَا وَ هُتِكَ فِيهِ حُرْمَتُنَا وَ سُبِيَ فِيهِ ذَرَارِيُّنَا وَ نِسَاؤُنَا وَ أُضْرِمَتِ النِّيرَانُ فِي مَضَارِبِنَا وَ انْتُهِبَ مَا فِيهَا مِنْ ثَقَلِنَا

‘Al-Reza-asws said: ‘Al-Muharram is a month (which was even respected by) the people of the pre-Islamic period (who would be) prohibiting the fighting during it (Allah-azwj has also declared Al-Muharram as a scared month). But they (Muslims) permitted (the shedding of) our-asws blood during it, and tore apart our-asws sanctity during it, and made captives of our-asws children and our-asws womenfolk during it, and they inflamed the fires in our-asws tents, and they seized whatever was therein from our-asws belongings.

وَ لَمْ تُرْعَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ حُرْمَةٌ فِي أَمْرِنَا إِنَّ يَوْمَ الْحُسَيْنِ أَقْرَحَ جُفُونَنَا وَ أَسْبَلَ دُمُوعَنَا وَ أَذَلَّ عَزِيزَنَا بِأَرْضِ كَرْبٍ وَ بَلَاءٍ وَ أَوْرَثَتْنَا [يَا أَرْضَ كَرْبٍ وَ بَلَاءٍ أَوْرَثْتِنَا] الْكَرْبَ [وَ] الْبَلَاءَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الِانْقِضَاءِ

And they did not view a sanctity for Rasool-Allah-saww regarding our-asws (family) matters  – so (during) the day of Al-Husayn-asws, our-asws eyes get ulcerated[93] (cry out blood), and our-asws tears flow, and our-asws dear ones got humiliated in the land of ‘Karb’ (distress) and ‘Bala’ (afflictions) (Karbala), and we-asws inherited, O land of distress and afflictions, you made us-asws inherit the distress and the afflictions up to the Day of Judgment.

فَعَلَى مِثْلِ الْحُسَيْنِ فَلْيَبْكِ الْبَاكُونَ فَإِنَّ الْبُكَاءَ يَحُطُّ الذُّنُوبَ الْعِظَامَ

So upon the unprecedented (personality) of Al-Husayn-asws, let the wailing ones wail, for the wailing would reduce the sins of the bones (major sins)’.

ثُمَّ قَالَ ع كَانَ أَبِي ع إِذَا دَخَلَ‏ شَهْرُ الْمُحَرَّمِ‏ لَا يُرَى‏ ضَاحِكاً وَ كَانَتِ الْكِئَابَةُ تَغْلِبُ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ مِنْهُ عَشَرَةُ أَيَّامٍ فَإِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْعَاشِرِ كَانَ ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمُ يَوْمَ مُصِيبَتِهِ وَ حُزْنِهِ وَ بُكَائِهِ وَ يَقُولُ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الَّذِي قُتِلَ فِيهِ الْحُسَيْنُ ع.

Then he-asws said: ‘It was so that my-asws father-asws, whenever the month of Al-Muharram entered, was not see smiling, and the gloom would overcome upon him-asws until ten days from it would pass by. So when it was the tenth day, that was the day (of Ashura) – the day of his-asws difficulties, and his-asws grief, and his-asws wailing, and he-asws was saying: ‘It is the day in which Al-Husayn-asws was martyred’.[94]

وَ رُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: لِكُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ ثَوَابٌ إِلَّا الدَّمْعَةَ فِينَا.

It is narrated that:

Abu Abdullah-asws said: ‘There is a (known) reward for every act (of worship) except for shedding tears regarding us-asws.[95]

حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ عَنْ جَمَاعَةِ مَشَايِخِي عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ أَبِي دَاوُدَ الْمُسْتَرِقِّ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: بَكَى عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَلَى أَبِيهِ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ ص عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً أَوْ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً وَ مَا وُضِعَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ طعاما [طَعَامٌ‏] إِلَّا بَكَى عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ حَتَّى قَالَ لَهُ مَوْلًى لَهُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَكُونَ مِنَ الْهَالِكِينَ قَالَ‏ إِنَّما أَشْكُوا بَثِّي وَ حُزْنِي إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ أَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللَّهِ ما لا تَعْلَمُونَ‏ إِنِّي لَمْ أَذْكُرْ مَصْرَعَ بَنِي فَاطِمَةَ إِلَّا خَنَقَتْنِي الْعَبْرَةُ لِذَلِكَ.

My father narrated to me from all of my scholars, from Saad ibn Abd Allah, from Mohammed ibn Hussain ibn Abil Khattab, from Abi Dawud Al-Mustariq, from some of our companions, who said:

Abu Abdullah-asws said: ‘Ali-asws ibn Hussain-asws (Imam Sajjad-asws) cried over his-asws father-asws, Hussain-asws Ibn Ali-asws for twenty years – or forty years – and whenever food was brought to him-asws, he-asws would cry over Hussain-asws.

One day, his servant said to him, ‘May I sacrifice myself for you-asws, O son of Rasool Allah-asws!  I am afraid that you-asws may die (from grief).

He (the Imam Sajjad-asws) replied:  I only complain of my distress and grief to Allah, and I know from Allah what you do not know (12:86)[96].  Verily whenever I-asws remember the killing of the children of Syeda Fatimah-asws, I-asws am choked with tears over them-asws.[97]

حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُوسَى الْخَشَّابِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ ع‏.

It is narrated that:

Abu Abdullah-asws said:

Hussain-asws Ibn Ali-asws said:

أَنَا قَتِيلُ الْعَبْرَةِ لَا يَذْكُرُنِي مُؤْمِنٌ إِلَّا اسْتَعْبَرَ

I-asws am the Martyr of Tears.  No Momin (believer) remembers me-asws without crying.[98]

Ashura Aamal (What to do on the 10th of Moharram)

حدثني حكيم بن داود بن حكيم و غيره عن محمد بن موسى الهمداني عن محمد بن خالد الطيالسي عن سيف بن عميرة و صالح بن عقبة جميعا عن علقمة بن محمد الحضرمي و محمد بن إسماعيل عن صالح بن عقبة عن مالك الجهني عن أبي جعفر الباقر ع قال من زار الحسين ع يوم عاشوراء من المحرم حتى يظل عنده باكيا لقي الله تعالى يوم القيامة بثواب ألفي ألف [ألف‏] حجة و ألفي [ألف‏] ألف عمرة    و ألفي ألف غزوة و ثواب كل حجة و عمرة و غزوة كثواب من حج و اعتمر و غزا مع رسول الله ص و مع الأئمة الراشدين صلوات الله عليهم أجمعين

It has been narrated to me from Hakeem Bin Dawood Bin Hakeem, and someone else, from Muhammad Bin Musa Al Hamdany, from Muhammad Bin Khalid Al Tayalisi, from Sayf Bin Umeyra and Salih Bin Uqba together, from Alqama Bin Muhammad Al Hazramy and Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Salih Bin Uqba, from Maalik Al Jahny,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far Al-Baqir-asws having said: ‘The one who performs the visitation (Ziyaarat) of Al-Husayn-asws on the tenth Day of Muharram (Ashura) and remain with him-asws in tears, would meet Allah-azwj the High on the Day of Judgement with the Rewards of two million Hajj, and two million Umra, and two million military expeditions, and the Reward of every Hajj, and Umra, and military expedition being like the one who performed the Hajj, and the Umra, and the military expedition along with Rasool-Allah-saww and with the Rightly Guided Imams-asws’.

قال قلت جعلت فداك فما لمن كان في بعد البلاد و أقاصيها و لم يمكنه المصير [المسير] إليه في ذلك اليوم قال إذا كان ذلك اليوم برز إلى الصحراء أو صعد سطحا مرتفعا في داره و أومأ إليه بالسلام و اجتهد على قاتله بالدعاء و صلى بعده ركعتين يفعل ذلك في صدر النهار قبل الزوال

(The narrator) said: ‘I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! So what is for the one who was in the distant cities and far places and it is not possible for him to travel to him-asws during that day?’ He-asws said: ‘If it was that day, he should go to the desert or ascend to a high place in his house, and gesture towards him-asws with the greetings, and strive against his-asws killers with the supplication, and Pray two Cycles after it, doing that during the forenoon before the mid-day’.

ثم ليندب الحسين ع و يبكيه و يأمر من في داره بالبكاء عليه و يقيم في داره مصيبته بإظهار الجزع عليه و يتلاقون بالبكاء بعضهم بعضا في البيوت و ليعز بعضهم بعضا بمصاب الحسين ع فأنا ضامن لهم إذا فعلوا ذلك على الله عز و جل جميع هذا الثواب

Then mourn Al-Husayn-asws and weep over him-asws, and order the ones in his house for the weeping over him-asws, and establish in his house, his-asws difficulties by manifesting the anxiety over him-asws, and meet each other with the weeping in the houses strengthening each other with the calamities (which befell) Al-Husayn-asws, so, I-asws would a guarantor for them, if they were to do that, to Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic, for all these Rewards’.

فقلت جعلت فداك و أنت الضامن لهم إذا فعلوا ذلك و الزعيم به قال أنا الضامن لهم ذلك و الزعيم لمن فعل ذلك قال قلت فكيف يعزي بعضهم بعضا قال يقولون عظم الله أجورنا بمصابنا بالحسين ع و جعلنا و إياكم من الطالبين بثأره مع وليه الإمام المهدي من آل محمد ص

So I said, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! And you-asws would be the guarantor for them, if they were to do that, and the leader by it?’ He-asws said: ‘I-asws am the guarantor of that for them, and the leader for the one who does that’. I said, ‘How should they strengthen each other?’ He-asws said: ‘They should be saying, ‘May Allah-azwj Magnify our Recompense by (our grieving over the) difficulties of Al-Husayn-asws, and Make us and you all to be from the seekers of his-asws revenge along with his-asws Guardian, the Imam Al-Mahdiajfj from the Progeny-asws of Muhammad-saww’.[99]

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ فِي الْمِصْبَاحِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع أَنَّهُ ذَكَرَ لَهُ ثَوَابَ زِيَارَةِ الْحُسَيْنِ ع فِي يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ فَقَالَ لَهُ فَمَا لِمَنْ كَانَ فِي بَعِيدِ الْبِلَادِ وَ أَقَاصِيهِ وَ لَمْ يُمْكِنْهُ الْمَصِيرُ إِلَيْهِ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ فَقَالَ إِذَا كَانَ كَذَلِكَ بَرَزَ إِلَى الصَّحْرَاءِ أَوْ صَعِدَ سَطْحاً مُرْتَفِعاً وَ أَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ بِالسَّلَامِ وَ اجْتَهَدَ فِي الدُّعَاءِ عَلَى قَاتِلِهِ وَ صَلَّى مِنْ بُعْدٍ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَ لْيَكُنْ ذَلِكَ فِي صَدْرِ النَّهَارِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ تَزُولَ الشَّمْسُ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ زِيَارَةً طَوِيلَةً ثُمَّ قَالَ وَ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَزُورَهُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ مِنْ دَارِكَ بِهَذِهِ الزِّيَارَةِ فَافْعَلْ

Muhammad Bin Al Hassan in ‘Al Misbaah’, from Muhammad Bin Ismail Bin Bazi’e, from Salih Bin Uqba, from Alqamah,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far-asws. He-asws mentioned the Rewards of the visitation (Ziyaarat) of Al-Husayn-asws during the day of Ashura, so it said to him-asws, ‘So what is for the one who was in the distant cities and far places and it is not possible for him to travel to him-asws during that day?’ So he-asws said: ‘When it is like that, he should go to the desert, or ascend to a high place, and gesture towards him-asws with the greetings, and strive regarding the supplication against his-asws killers, and Pray two Cycles after it. And this is to be done in the forenoon before the declining of the sun’. Then he-asws mentioned a lengthy Ziyaarat, then said: ‘And if you have the ability that you can visit every day from your house with this Ziyaarat, so do it’.[100]

الشَّيْخُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمَشْهَدِيِّ فِي مَزَارِهِ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي الشَّيْخُ الْفَقِيهُ الْعَالِمُ عِمَادُ الدِّينِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي الْقَاسِمِ الطَّبَرِيُّ قِرَاءَةً عَلَيْهِ وَ أَنَا أَسْمَعُ فِي شُهُورِ سَنَةِ ثَلَاثٍ وَ خَمْسِينَ وَ خَمْسِمِائَةٍ بِمَشْهَدِ مَوْلَانَا أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ص عَنِ الشَّيْخِ الْفَقِيهِ أَبِي عَلِيٍّ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ وَالِدِهِ الشَّيْخِ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ عَنِ الشَّيْخِ الْمُفِيدِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنِ ابْنِ قُولَوَيْهِ وَ أَبِي جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَابَوَيْهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ الْكُلَيْنِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى سَيِّدِي أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ ع يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ فَأَلْفَيْتُهُ كَاسِفَ اللَّوْنِ ظَاهِرَ الْحُزْنِ وَ دُمُوعُهُ تَنْحَدِرُ مِنْ عَيْنَيْهِ كَاللُّؤْلُؤِ الْمُتَسَاقِطِ فَقُلْتُ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ مِمَّ بُكَاؤُكَ لَا أَبْكَى اللَّهُ عَيْنَيْكَ فَقَالَ لِي أَ وَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ أَنْتَ أَ وَ مَا عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ الْحُسَيْنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ ع قُتِلَ فِي مِثْلِ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ إِلَى أَنْ قَالَ ع يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ سِنَانٍ إِنَّ أَفْضَلَ مَا تَأْتِي بِهِ فِي مِثْلِ هَذَا الْيَوْمِ أَنْ تَعْمِدَ إِلَى ثِيَابٍ طَاهِرَةٍ فَتَلْبَسَهَا وَ تَتَسَلَّبَ قُلْتُ وَ مَا التَّسَلُّبُ

Al Sheykh Muhammad Bin Al Mash’hady in his sanctuary sstaid, ‘Al Sheykh Al ‘Aalim Imaad Al Deen’ Muhammad Bin Abu Al Qasim Al Tabary narrated to me, it was recited to him and I heard, in the months of the year five hundred and fifty three in the sight of our Master Amir Al Mumineen -asws, from Al Sheykh ‘Al Faqeeh’ Abu Ali Al Hassan Bin Muhammad, from his father Al Sheykh Abu Ja’far, from Al Sheykh Al Mufeed Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin Al Nu’man, from Ibn Qawlawayh, and Abu Ja’far Bin Babuwayh, from Muhammad Bin Yaqoub Al Kulayni, from Ali Bin Ibrahim, from his father, from Ibn Abu Umeyr, from Abdullah Bin Sinan who said,

‘I came up to my Master-asws Abu Abdullah Ja’far Bin Muhammad-asws on the day of Ashura and found him-asws to be gloomy, the grief being apparent from him-asws, and his-asws tears were rolling down his-asws cheeks like pearls dropping off. So I said, ‘O son-asws of Rasool-Allah-saww! From what makes you-asws weep, may Allah-azwj not Make your-asws eyes to weep’. So he-asws said to me: ‘Or are you in oblivion, or do you not know that Al-Husayn Bin Ali-asws was killed on a day like this! – until he-asws said: ‘O Abdullah Bin Sinan! The best of what you can come up with on a day like this is that you should resort to wearing pure garments and (performs) ‘Al Tasallab’. So I said, ‘And what is ‘Tasallab’.

قَالَ تُحَلِّلُ أَزْرَارَكَ وَ تَكْشِفُ عَنْ ذِرَاعَيْكَ كَهَيْئَةِ أَصْحَابِ الْمَصَائِبِ ثُمَّ تَخْرُجُ إِلَى أَرْضٍ مُقْفِرَةٍ أَوْ مَكَانٍ لَا يَرَاكَ أَحَدٌ أَوْ تَعْمِدَ إِلَى أَرْضٍ خَالِيَةٍ أَوْ فِي خَلْوَةٍ مُنْذُ حِينِ يَرْتَفِعُ النَّهَارُ فَتُصَلِّيَ أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ تُحْسِنُ رُكُوعَهُنَّ وَ سُجُودَهُنَّ وَ تُسَلِّمُ بَيْنَ كُلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ تَقْرَأُ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الْأُولَى سُورَةَ الْحَمْدِ وَ قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ وَ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ الْحَمْدَ وَ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ثُمَّ تُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ أُخْرَيَيْنِ تَقْرَأُ فِي الْأُولَى الْحَمْدَ وَ سُورَةَ الْأَحْزَابِ وَ فِي الثَّانِيَةِ الْحَمْدَ وَ إِذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ أَوْ مَا تَيَسَّرَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ثُمَّ تُسَلِّمُ وَ تُحَوِّلُ وَجْهَكَ نَحْوَ قَبْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ ص وَ مَضْجَعِهِ فَتُمَثِّلُ لِنَفْسِكَ مَصْرَعَهُ وَ مَنْ كَانَ مَعَهُ مِنْ وُلْدِهِ وَ أَهْلِهِ وَ تُسَلِّمُ وَ تُصَلِّي عَلَيْهِ وَ تَلْعَنُ قَاتِلَهُ وَ تَتَبَرَّأُ مِنْ أَفْعَالِهِمْ يَرْفَعُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لَكَ بِذَلِكَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ مِنَ الدَّرَجَاتِ وَ يَحُطُّ عَنْكَ السَّيِّئَاتِ

He-asws said: ‘Open your buttons, and uncover your arms, as if you are the one in the calamities. Then you should go out to a desolate land, or a place where no one can see you, or resort to an empty land or in privacy, from when the day rises. So you should recite four Cycles, performing the best bowings and the Prostrations, and greetings between each of the two Cycles. Recite in the first Cycle Surah Al Hamd and Al Kafiroun. And in the second Cycle, Al Hamd and Al Ikhlaas. Then Pray two Cycles at the end recitingin the first Al Hamd and Surah Al Ahzaab, and in the second, Al Hamd and Al Munafiqoun, or whatever is easy (for you) from the Quran, then greetings and turn around your face towards around the grave of Al Husayn-asws and its sleeping place. So you should think of yourself as having been killed along with the ones who were with him-asws from his-asws sons-asws and his-asws family. And you should send greetings, and Pray to him-asws, and curse his-asws killers, and disavow from their deeds. Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic would Raise for you, by that, Levels in the Paradise and Devalue your sins.

ثُمَّ تَسْعَى مِنَ الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي أَنْتَ فِيهِ إِنْ كَانَ صَحْرَاءَ أَوْ فَضَاءً وَ أَيَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ كَانَ خُطُوَاتٍ تَقُولُ إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَ إِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ وَ سَاقَ الدُّعَاءَ إِلَى أَنْ قَالَ ع فَإِنَّ هَذَا أَفْضَلُ مِنْ كَذَا وَ كَذَا حَجَّةً وَ كَذَا وَ كَذَا عُمْرَةً تَتَطَوَّعُهَا وَ تُنْفِقُ فِيهَا مَالَكَ وَ تُتْعِبُ فِيهَا بَدَنَكَ وَ تُفَارِقُ فِيهَا أَهْلَكَ وَ وَلَدَكَ وَ اعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى يُعْطِي مَنْ صَلَّى هَذِهِ الصَّلَاةَ فِي هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَ دَعَا بِهَذَا الدُّعَاءِ مُخْلِصاً وَ عَمِلَ هَذَا الْعَمَلَ مُوقِناً مُصَدِّقاً عَشْرَ خِصَالٍ مِنْهَا أَنْ يَقِيَهُ اللَّهُ مِيتَةَ السَّوْءِ وَ يُؤْمِنَهُ مِنَ الْمَكَارِهِ وَ الْفَقْرِ وَ لَا يُظْهِرَ عَلَيْهِ عَدُوّاً إِلَى أَنْ يَمُوتَ وَ يَقِيَهُ مِنَ الْجُنُونِ وَ الْبَرَصِ فِي نَفْسِهِ وَ وُلْدِهِ إِلَى أَرْبَعَةِ أَعْقَابٍ لَهُ وَ لَا يَجْعَلَ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَ لَا لِأَوْلِيَائِهِ عَلَيْهِ وَ لَا عَلَى نَسْلِهِ إِلَى أَرْبَعَةِ أَعْقَابٍ سَبِيلًا

Then walk briskly from the place in which you are in, if it was the desert or any place you may be in, saying, ‘We are from Allah-azwj and to Him-azwj we are returning’, and supplicate’ – until he-asws said: ‘This is better that such and such a Hajj, and such and such an Umrah, and your wealth is spent in these, and your body gets tired, and you are separated in these from your family and your children. And know that Allah-azwj the High would Give to the one who Prays this Prayer, in this day, and supplicates with this supplication sincerely, and performs this deeds with conviction and sincerity, ten qualities from it – Allah-azwj would Shield him from the evil death, and Secure him from the plots, and the poverty, and not manifest an enemy against him until he dies, and Shield him from the insanity, and the leprosy, with regards to himself and his children, nor Make any way for the Satansla and hisla friends, nor against any of his-asws offspring any of the four ways’.

قَالَ ابْنُ سِنَانٍ فَانْصَرَفْتُ وَ أَنَا أَقُولُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي مَنَّ عَلَيَّ بِمَعْرِفَتِكُمْ وَ حُبِّكُمْ وَ أَسْأَلُهُ الْمَعُونَةَ عَلَى الْمُفْتَرَضِ مِنْ طَاعَتِكُمْ

Ibn Sinan said, ‘I left and I was saying, ‘The Praise is due to Allah-azwj who has Bestowed upon me your-asws recognition, and your-asws love, and I ask Him-azwj for the Assistance on the Obligation of being obedient to you-asws’.[101]

الْمَزَارُ الْقَدِيمُ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الْبَاقِرِ ع قَالَ مَنْ أَرَادَ زِيَارَةَ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ ع يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَ هُوَ الْيَوْمُ الْعَاشِرُ مِنَ الْمُحَرَّمِ فَيَظَلُّ فِيهِ بَاكِياً مُتَفَجِّعاً حَزِيناً لَقِيَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِثَوَابِ أَلْفَيْ حَجَّةٍ وَ أَلْفَيْ عُمْرَةٍ وَ أَلْفَيْ غَزْوَةٍ ثَوَابُ كُلُّ حَجَّةٍ وَ عُمْرَةٍ وَ غَزْوَةٍ كَثَوَابِ مَنْ حَجَّ وَ اعْتَمَرَ وَ غَزَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص وَ مَعَ الْأَئِمَّةِ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

At the old sanctuary, from Alqama Bin Muhammad Al Hazramy,

(It has been narrated) from Abu Ja’far Al-Baqir-asws having said: ‘The one who intends the Ziyaarat of Al-Husayn-asws Bin Ali-asws Bin Abu Talib-asws on the day of Ashura, and it is the tenth day of Muharram, should weep with lamentations in grief, and would meet Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic with the Reward of two thousand Hajj, and two thousand Umra, and two thousand military expeditions, the Rewards of each Hajj, and Umra, and military expedition being the like Rewards of the one who performed Hajj, and Umra, and participated in the military expedition along with Rasool-Allah-saww and the Imams-asws’.

قَالَ عَلْقَمَةُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَضْرَمِيُّ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ فَمَا يَصْنَعُ مَنْ كَانَ فِي بُعْدِ الْبِلَادِ وَ أَقَاصِيهَا وَ لَمْ يُمْكِنْهُ الْمَصِيرُ إِلَيْهِ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ قَالَ إِذَا كَانَ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ يَعْنِي يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ فَلْيَغْتَسِلْ مَنْ أَحَبَّ مِنَ النَّاسِ أَنْ يَزُورَهُ مِنْ أَقَاصِي الْبِلَادِ أَوْ قَرِيبِهَا فَلْيَبْرُزْ إِلَى الصَّحْرَاءِ أَوْ يَصْعَدُ سَطْحَ دَارِهِ فَلْيُصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ خَفِيفَتَيْنِ يَقْرَأُ فِيهِمَا سُورَةَ الْإِخْلَاصِ فَإِذَا سَلَّمَ أَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ بِالسَّلَامِ وَ يَقْصِدُ إِلَيْهِ بِتَسْلِيمِهِ وَ إِشَارَتِهِ وَ نِيَّتِهِ إِلَى الْجِهَةِ الَّتِي فِيهَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْحُسَيْنِ ص

Alqama Bin Muhammad Al-Hazramy said, ‘I said to Abu Ja’far-asws, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws! So what should the one do who was in the remote cities and places far away from it, and the travel is not possible for him during that day?’ He-asws said: ‘When it is that day, meaning the day of Ashura, so he should bathe himself. The one from the people is one loves to perform Ziyaarat from the far away cities or its vicinities, so he should go to the desert or ascend to the high place of his house. He should Pray two Cycles, reciting in it Surah Al-Ikhlaas. So when he has greeted (completed the Prayer) he should gesture towards him-asws with the greetings and tries to be with him by his submission, and his gestures, and his intention towards the place in which is Abu Abdullah Al-Husayn-asws.

ثُمَّ تَقُولُ وَ أَنْتَ خَاشِعٌ مُسْتَكِينٌ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ الْبَشِيرِ النَّذِيرِ وَ سَاقَ زِيَارَةً تُشْبِهُ الزِّيَارَةَ الْمَعْرُوفَةَ فِي غَالِبِ الْفِقَرَاتِ وَ لَيْسَ فِيهَا الْفَصْلَانِ اللَّذَانِ فِي اللَّعْنِ وَ السَّلَامِ إِلَى أَنْ قَالَ قَالَ عَلْقَمَةُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَضْرَمِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ع إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ يَا عَلْقَمَةُ أَنْ تَزُورَهُ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ بِهَذِهِ الزِّيَارَةِ فِي دَارِكَ وَ نَاحِيَتِكَ وَ حَيْثُ كُنْتَ مِنَ الْبِلَادِ فِي أَرْضِ اللَّهِ فَافْعَلْ ذَلِكَ وَ لَكَ ثَوَابُ جَمِيعِ ذَلِكَ فَاجْتَهِدُوا فِي الدُّعَاءِ عَلَى قَاتِلِهِ وَ عَدُوِّهِ وَ يَكُونُ فِي صَدْرِ النَّهَارِ قَبْلَ الزَّوَالِ

Then you should be saying whilst being in humbleness and servility, ‘Peace be upon you-asws, O son-asws of Rasool-Allah-saww! Peace be upon you-asws, O son-asws of the Giver of Good News and the Warner!’ – And perform the Ziyaarat similar to the well-known Ziyaarat in most paragraphs, and there is not in it the detail of the curses and the greetings’ – until he said, ‘And Alqama Bin Muhammad Al-Hazramy said, from Abu Ja’far-asws: ‘If it is according to your ability, O Alqama that you should perform Ziyaarat every day with this Ziyaarat in your house, and your area, and wherever you may be in the cities in the land of Allah-azwj, so you should do that, and for you would be the Rewards of all that. Strive in the supplication against his-asws killers, and his-asws enemies, and do it in the forenoon before the declining of the sun’.[102]

وَ فِي الْعِلَلِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْقَزْوِينِيِّ عَنِ الْمُظَفَّرِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ الْقَزْوِينِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْأَسَدِيِّ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ الْهَاشِمِيِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ صَارَ يَوْمُ عَاشُورَاءَ يَوْمَ مُصِيبَةٍ وَ غَمٍّ وَ حُزْنٍ وَ بُكَاءٍ دُونَ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي قُبِضَ فِيهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص وَ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي مَاتَتْ فِيهِ فَاطِمَةُ وَ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي قُتِلَ فِيهِ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع وَ الْيَوْمِ الَّذِي قُتِلَ فِيهِ الْحَسَنُ بِالسَّمِّ

And in ‘Al Illal’, from Muhammad Bin Ali Al Qazminy, from Al Muzaffar Bin Ahmad Al Qazminy, from Muhammad Bin Ja’far Al Asady, from Sahl Bin ZIyad, from Suleyman Bin Abdullah, from Abdullah Bin Al Fazl Al Hashimy who said,

‘I said to Abu Abdullah-asws, ‘O son-asws of Rasool-Allah-saww! How did the day of Ashura become the day of calamity, and sadness, and grief, and weeping apart from the in which Rasool-Allah-saww passed away, and the day in which Fatima-asws passed away, and the day in which Amir Al-Momineen-asws was killed, and the day in which Al-Hassan-asws was murdered by the poison’.

فَقَالَ إِنَّ يَوْمَ الْحُسَيْنِ أَعْظَمُ مُصِيبَةً مِنْ جَمِيعِ سَائِرِ الْأَيَّامِ وَ ذَلِكَ أَنَّ أَصْحَابَ الْكِسَاءِ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا أَكْرَمَ الْخَلْقِ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ كَانُوا خَمْسَةً فَلَمَّا مَضَى عَنْهُمُ النَّبِيُّ ص بَقِيَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ فَاطِمَةُ وَ الْحَسَنُ وَ الْحُسَيْنُ فَكَانَ فِيهِمْ لِلنَّاسِ عَزَاءٌ وَ سَلْوَةٌ فَلَمَّا مَضَتْ فَاطِمَةُ كَانَ فِي أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ لِلنَّاسِ عَزَاءٌ وَ سَلْوَةٌ

So he-asws said: ‘The day of Al-Husayn-asws is of the greatest calamity from all the days and that is that the Companions of the Cloak were the ones of the most prestigious of the creatures to Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic, and were five. So when the Prophet-saww passed away, there remained Amir Al-Momineen-asws, and Syeda Fatima-asws, and Al-Hassan-asws, and Al-Husayn-asws. so they-asws were among the people as a solace and comfort for them. So when Fatima-asws passed away, there was among them Amir Al-Momineen-asws, and Al-Hassan-asws and Al-Husayn-asws for the people as a solace and comfort for them.

فَلَمَّا مَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع كَانَ لِلنَّاسِ فِي الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ عَزَاءٌ وَ سَلْوَةٌ فَلَمَّا مَضَى الْحَسَنُ كَانَ لِلنَّاسِ فِي الْحُسَيْنِ عَزَاءٌ وَ سَلْوَةٌ فَلَمَّا قُتِلَ الْحُسَيْنُ لَمْ يَكُنْ بَقِيَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ الْكِسَاءِ أَحَدٌ لِلنَّاسِ فِيهِ بَعْدَهُ عَزَاءٌ وَ سَلْوَةٌ فَكَانَ ذَهَابُهُ كَذَهَابِ جَمِيعِهِمْ كَمَا كَانَ بَقَاؤُهُ كَبَقَاءِ جَمِيعِهِمْ فَلِذَلِكَ صَارَ يَوْمُهُ أَعْظَمَ الْأَيَّامِ مُصِيبَةً

So when Amir Al-Momineen-asws passed away, there were among them Al-Hassan-asws and Al-Husayn-asws as a solace and comfort for them. So when Al-Hassan-asws passed away, there was Al-Husayn-asws for the people as a solace and comfort for them. So when Al-Husayn-asws was killed, there were not any from the Companions of the Cloak  for the people after him-asws as a solace and comfort. So his-asws going away was like the going away of all of them-asws, just as his-asws remaining was like the remaining of all of them-asws. So it is for that (reason) that his-asws day is the day of the greatest calamity’.[103]

Salat on Day of Ashura:

محمد بن الحسن في (المصباح): عن عبد الله بن سنان،

Muhammad Bin Al Hassan in (the book) Al Misbah, from Abdullah Bin Sinan,

عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) – في حديث – قال: أفضل ما يأتي به في هذا اليوم يعني يوم عاشورا أن تعمد إلى ثياب طاهرة فتلبسها وتتسلب، قلت: وما التسلب ؟

From Abu Abdullah-asws – in a Hadeeth – said: ‘The most superior of you can come with during this day, meaning the day of Ashoura is that you deliberate to clean clothes, so you wear these and you should be in mourning’. I said, ‘And what is being in mourning?’

قال تحلل أزرارك وتكشف عن ذراعيك كهيئة أصحاب المصائب، ثم تخرج إلى أرض مقفرة، أو مكان لا يراك به أحد، أو تعمد إلىمنزل لك خال، أو في خلوة، منذ حين يرتفع النهار، فتصلي أربع ركعات تحسن ركوعها وسجودها وخشوعها، وتسلم بين كل ركعتين،

He-asws said: ‘You loosen your (shirt) buttons and uncover from your forearms just like the ones bereaved. Then you go out to a desolate land, or a place where no one can see you, or you deliberate to a house which is empty, or in isolation, as soon as the day rises. So you pray four Rakats Salat, performing well its Rukus and its Sujouds, and its modesty, and you greet (Salam) between every two Rakats.

تقرأ في الاولى الحمد وقل (يا أيها الكافرون)، وفي الثانية الحمد و (قل هو الله أحد)، ثم تصلي ركعتين اخراوين تقرأ في الاولى الحمد وسورة الاحزاب، وفي الثانية الحمد وإذا جاءك المنافقون أو ما تيسر من القرآن،

You should recite in the first Rakat (Surah) Al-Hamd (Chapter 1), and Say: ‘O you Kafirs! [109] (Chater 109); and in the second (Rakat), Say: ‘He Allah is One [112] (Chapter 112). Then you should pray two other Rakats reciting in the first, (Surah) Al-Hamd (Chapter 1) and Surah Al-Ahzaab (Chapter 33), and in the second (Rakat), (Surah) Al-Hamd (Chapter 1) and When the hypocrites come to you [63:1] (Chapter 63) or whatever is easy from the Quran.

ثم تسلم وتحول وجهك نحو قبر الحسين (عليه السلام) ومضجعه، فتمثل لنفسك مصرعه ومن كان معه من أهله وولده، وتسلم عليه وتصلي وتلعن قاتله وتبرأ من أفعالهم يرفع الله لك بذلك في الجنة من الدرجات ويحط عنك من السيئات، ثم ذكر دعاء يدعى به بعد ذلك،

Then you should greet (Salam) and turn your face towards the grave of Al-Husayn and his-asws resting place. Then resemble for yourself his-asws demise and of the ones who were with him-asws from his-asws family and his-asws children, and greet upon him-asws and send Salawat, and curse his-asws killers and disavow from their deeds. Allah-azwj would Raise for you, due to that, levels in the Paradise, and Delete the evils deeds from you. Then mention a supplication you supplicate with after that.

ثم قال: فان هذا أفضل يابن سنان من كذا وكذا حجة وكذا وكذا عمرة تطوعها، وتنفق فيها مالك، وتنصب فيها بدنك، وتفارق فيها أهلك وولدك،

Then he-asws said: ‘So this is most superior, O Ibn Sinan, than such and such (number of) Hajj, and such and such (number of) voluntary Umrah, and your spending wealth during it, and exerting your body during it, and separating during it from your family and your children.

واعلم أن الله يعطي من صلى هذه الصلاة في هذا اليوم ودعا بهذا الدعاء مخلصا وعمل هذا العمل موقنا مصدقا عشر خصال،: منها أن يقيه الله ميتة السوء، ويؤمنه من المكاره والفقر، ولا يظهر عليه عدوا إلى أن يموت، ويوقيه الله من الجنون والجذام والبرص في نفسه وولده إلى أربعة أعقاب له، ولا يجعل للسلطان ولا لاوليائه عليه ولا على نسله إلى أربعة أعقاب سبيلا.

And know that Allah-azwj would Give the one who prays this Salat, during this day, and supplicates with this supplication sincerely, and does this deed with certainty, would be confirmed ten characteristics – from it is that Allah-azwj would Save him from evil death, and Secure him from the abhorrence and the poverty, and an enemy would not be victorious upon him until when he dies, and Allah-azwj would Save him from the insanity, and the leprosy and the vitiligo in himself, and his children up to four generations of his, and would not Make a way for the ruling authority upon him, nor upon his friends, nor upon his offspring, up to four generations’. [104]

‘No’ Fasting on Ashura and Arafa:

محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن صفوان بن يحيى ; وعلي بن الحكم، عن العلاء بن رزين، عن محمد بن مسلم، عن أحدهما عليهما السلام أنه سئل عن صوم يوم عرفة فقال: [ أ ] ما أصومه اليوم وهو يوم دعاء ومسألة.

I enquired from asked from Imam-asws, regarding fasting on the day of ‘Arafa’.  Imam-asws replied, I do not fast on that day as it is the day for supplications and asking for blessings.[105]

محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن فضال، عن ثعلبة بن ميمون، عن محمد بن مسلم قال: سمعت أبا جعفر (عليه السلام) يقول: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله لم يصم يوم عرفة منذ نزل صيام شهر رمضان.

Imam Mohammed Baqir-asws said: ‘Rasool Allah-saww did not fast on Arafa since fasting during the month of Ramazan was made obligatory.[106]

علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن نوح بشعيب النيسابوري، عن ياسين الضرير، عن حريز، عن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر وأبي عبد الله (عليهما السلام) قالا: لا تصم في يوم عاشورا ولا عرفة بمكة ولا في المدينة ولا في وطنك ولا في مصر من الامصار.

Imam Mohammed Baqir-asws and Imam Abi Abdullah-asws both said: Don’t fast on the day of Arafa and Ashura, neither in Mecca and Medina, nor in your country and in any other city.[107]

الحسن بن علي الهاشمي، عن محمد بن موسى، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن الحسن بن علي الوشاء قال: حدثني نجبة بن الحارث العطار قال: سألت أبا جعفر (عليه السلام) عن صوم يوم عاشورا، فقال: صوم متروك بنزول شهر رمضان والمتروك بدعة، قال نجبة فسألت أبا عبد الله (عليه السلام) من بعد أبيه (عليه السلام) عن ذلك فأجابني بمثل جواب أبيه، ثم قال: أما إنه صوم يوم ما نزل به كتاب ولا جرت به سنة إلا سنة آل زياد بقتل الحسين بن علي صلوات الله عليهما.

I asked about ‘Soam-e-Ashor’ from Imam Mohammed Baqir-asws.  Imam-asws replied:  This fast was abandoned after mandatory fasting in the month of Ramazan and it is an innovation to resurrect that what has been discarded.  I asked the same question from Imam Aba Abdullah-asws and received the identical answer, but Imam-asws also added, there are no words on this fast in Quran, nothing in hadith of Rasool Allah-saww.  This fast is the tradition of Allay Ziadla.[108]

وعنه، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن محمد بن سنان، عن أبان، عن عبد الملك قال: سألت أبا عبد الله (عليه السلام) عن صوم تاسوعا وعاشورا من شهر المحرم فقال: تاسوعا يوم حوصر فيه الحسين (عليه السلام) وأصحابه رضي الله عنهم بكربلا واجتمع عليه خيل أهل الشام وأناخوا عليه وفرح ابن مرجانة وعمر بن سعد بتوافر الخيل وكثرتها واستضعفوا فيه الحسين صلوات الله عليه وأصحابه رضي الله عنهم وأيقنوا أن لا يأتي الحسين (عليه السلام) ناصرولا يمده أهل العراق – بابي المستضعف الغريب – ثم قال: وأما يوم عاشورا فيوم أصيب فيه الحسين (عليه السلام) صريعا بين أصحابه وأصحابه صرعى حوله [ عراة ] أفصوم يكون في ذلك اليوم؟! كلا ورب البيت الحرام ما هو يوم صوم وما هو إلا يوم حزن ومصيبة دخلت على أهل السماء وأهل الارض وجميع المؤمنين ويوم فرح وسرور لابن مرجانة وآل زياد وأهل الشام غضب الله عليهم وعلى ذرياتهم وذلك يوم بكت عليه جميع بقاع الارض خلا بقعة الشام، فمن صامه أو تبرك به حشره الله مع آل زياد ممسوخ القلب مسخوط عليه ومن ادخر إلى منزله ذخيرة أعقبه الله تعالى نفاقا في قلبه إلى يوم يلقاه وانتزع البركة عنه وعن أهل بيته وولده وشاركه الشيطان في جميع ذلك.

I asked about the ‘Soam’ on the 9th and 10th of Moharram from Imam Aba Abdullah-asws.  Imam-asws replied, Syrian army, on the planes of Karbala, rejoiced on the 9th, after forming and moving forward to surround Imam Huassin-asws and his-asws companions. Ibn Ziadla reinforced his army and proudly looked at the endless rows of his soldiers which had outnumbered few companions of Imam Hussain-asws, he was convinced no one will come forward to join Imam Hussain-asws’s camp and people of Iraq will consider him-asws weak and will not dare to protect Imam-asws against his huge build-up.  Ashora (10th) was that day when Imam Hussain-asws along with companions were lying on the sand of Karbala, with heads removed from their bodies.  Is it appropriate to fast on that day? Surely not.  By the Lord of Kabah! It is not a fasting day, it’s the day of sadness and moaning.  All momaneen, on the earth and in the heavens should be grieving on this day.  This was a day of joy for the people of Syria, decedents of Marjana and Ibn Ziadla.  Allah-azwj admonished them on this day; this is the day when all parts of the world cried expect the Syrian segment.  Allah-azwj will resurrect him with ‘dead’ heart and punish him severely whoever would fast on this day for the purpose of seeking blessings.  Allah-azwj will Take back His-azwj blessings and implant disbelief in his heart, to remain there, until the final day, whoever would indulge in acquiring and piling worldly goods, not only for him but also for his family and relatives.  And Iblisla will have share in their deeds and activities.[109]

Ziyarat Ashura:

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خِيَرَةَ اللَّهِ وَ ابْنَ خِيَرَتِهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ ابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّينَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ فَاطِمَةَ سَيِّدَةِ النِّسَاءِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ثَارَ اللَّهِ وَ ابْنَ ثَارِهِ وَ الْوِتْرُ الْمَوْتُورُ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى الْأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنِّي جَمِيعاً سَلَامُ اللَّهِ أَبَداً مَا بَقِيتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ لَقَدْ عَظُمَتِ الْمُصِيبَةُ بِكَ عَلَيْنَا وَ عَلَى جَمِيعِ أَهْلِ السَّمَاوَاتِ فَلَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً أَسَّسَتْ أَسَاسَ الظُّلْمِ وَ الْجَوْرِ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً دَفَعَتْكُمْ عَنْ مَقَامِكُمْ وَ أَزَالَتْكُمْ عَنْ مَرَاتِبِكُمُ الَّتِي رَتَّبَكُمُ اللَّهُ فِيهَا وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ الْمُمَهِّدِينَ لَهُمْ بِالتَّمْكِينِ مِنْ قِتَالِكُمْ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ إِنِّي سِلْمٌ لِمَنْ سَالَمَكُمْ وَ حَرْبٌ لِمَنْ حَارَبَكُمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَلَعَنَ اللَّهُ آلَ زِيَادٍ وَ آلَ مَرْوَانَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ قَاطِبَةً وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ ابْنَ مَرْجَانَةَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ عُمَرَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ شِمْراً وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً أَسْرَجَتْ وَ أَلْجَمَتْ وَ تَهَيَّأَتْ لِقِتَالِكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَ أُمِّي لَقَدْ عَظُمَ مُصَابِي بِكَ فَأَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي أَكْرَمَ مَقَامَكَ أَنْ يُكْرِمَنِي بِكَ وَ يَرْزُقَنِي طَلَبَ ثَارِكَ مَعَ إِمَامٍ مَنْصُورٍ مِنْ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ ص اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي وَجِيهاً بِالْحُسَيْنِ ع عِنْدَكَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ يَا سَيِّدِي يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ إِنِّي أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ إِلَى رَسُولِهِ وَ إِلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ إِلَى فَاطِمَةَ وَ إِلَى الْحَسَنِ وَ إِلَيْكَ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ وَ سَلَّمَ بِمُوَالَاتِكَ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِمَّنْ قَاتَلَكَ وَ نَصَبَ لَكَ الْحَرْبَ وَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ أَعْدَائِكُمْ وَ بِالْبَرَاءَةِ مِمَّنْ أَسَّسَ الْجَوْرَ وَ بَنَى عَلَيْهِ بُنْيَانَهُ وَ أَجْرَى ظُلْمَهُ وَ جَوْرَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَ عَلَى أَشْيَاعِكُمْ بَرِئْتُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَ إِلَيْكُمْ مِنْهُمْ وَ أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ إِلَيْكُمْ بِمُوَالَاتِكُمْ وَ مُوَالَاةِ وَلِيِّكُمْ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكُمْ وَ مِنَ النَّاصِبِينَ لَكُمُ الْحَرْبَ وَ الْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْ أَشْيَاعِهِمْ وَ أَتْبَاعِهِمْ إِنِّي سِلْمٌ لِمَنْ سَالَمَكُمْ وَ حَرْبٌ لِمَنْ حَارَبَكُمْ مُوَالٍ لِمَنْ وَالَاكُمْ وَ عَدُوٌّ لِمَنْ عَادَاكُمْ فَأَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ الَّذِي أَكْرَمَنِي بِمَعْرِفَتِكُمْ وَ مَعْرِفَةِ أَوْلِيَائِكُمْ وَ رَزَقَنِي الْبَرَاءَةَ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكُمْ أَنْ يَجْعَلَنِي مَعَكُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَ الْآخِرَةِ وَ أَسْأَلُهُ أَنْ يُبَلِّغَنِي الْمَقَامَ الْمَحْمُودَ لَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ وَ أَنْ يَرْزُقَنِي طَلَبَ ثَارِكُمْ مَعَ إِمَامٍ مَهْدِيٍّ نَاطِقٍ لَكُمْ وَ أَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ بِحَقِّكُمْ وَ بِالشَّأْنِ الَّذِي لَكُمْ عِنْدَهُ أَنْ يُعْطِيَنِي بِمُصَابِي بِكُمْ أَفْضَلَ مَا أَعْطَى مُصَاباً بِمُصِيبَةٍ أَقُولُ إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَ إِنَّا إِلَيْهِ راجِعُونَ يَا لَهَا مِنْ مُصِيبَةٍ مَا أَعْظَمَهَا وَ أَعْظَمَ رَزِيَّتَهَا فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَ فِي جَمِيعِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرَضِينَ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي فِي مَقَامِي هَذَا مِمَّنْ تَنَالُهُ مِنْكَ صَلَوَاتٌ وَ رَحْمَةٌ وَ مَغْفِرَةٌ

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ مَحْيَايَ مَحْيَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ مَمَاتِي مَمَاتَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا يَوْمٌ تَنْزِلُ فِيهِ اللَّعْنَةُ عَلَى آلِ زِيَادٍ وَ آلِ أُمَيَّةَ وَ ابْنِ آكِلَة الْأَكْبَادِ اللَّعِينِ بْنِ اللَّعِينِ عَلَى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّكَ فِي كُلِّ مَوْطِنٍ وَ مَوْقِفٍ وَقَفَ فِيهِ نَبِيُّكَ ص اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنْ أَبَا سُفْيَانَ وَ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَ عَلَى يَزِيدَ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ اللَّعْنَةُ أَبَدَ الْآبِدِينَ اللَّهُمَّ فَضَاعِفْ عَلَيْهِمُ اللَّعْنَةَ أَبَداً لِقَتْلِهِمْ الْحُسَيْنَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَيْكَ فِي هَذَا الْيَوْمِ وَ فِي مَوْقِفِي هَذَا وَ أَيَّامِ حَيَاتِي بِالْبَرَاءَةِ مِنْهُمْ وَ بِاللَّعْنِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ بِالْمُوَالَاةِ لِنَبِيِّكَ وَ أَهْلِ بَيْتِ نَبِيِّكَ ص ثُمَّ تَقُولُ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنْ أَوَّلَ ظَالِمٍ ظَلَمَ حَقَّ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آخِرَ تَابِعٍ لَهُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنِ الْعِصَابَةَ الَّتِي حَارَبَتِ الْحُسَيْنَ ع وَ شَايَعَتْ وَ بَايَعَتْ عَلَى قَتْلِهِ وَ قَتْلِ أَنْصَارِهِ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنْهُمْ جَمِيعاً ثُمَّ قُلْ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَ عَلَى الْأَرْوَاحِ الَّتِي حَلَّتْ بِفِنَائِكَ وَ أَنَاخَتْ بِرَحْلِكَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنِّي سَلَامُ اللَّهِ أَبَداً مَا بَقِيتُ وَ بَقِيَ اللَّيْلُ وَ النَّهَارُ وَ لَا جَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنْ زِيَارَتِكُمْ السَّلَامُ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ وَ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ أَصْحَابِ الْحُسَيْنِ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِمْ أَجْمَعِينَ ثُمَّ تَقُولُ مَرَّةً وَاحِدَةً اللَّهُمَّ خُصَّ أَوَّلَ ظَالِمٍ ظَلَمَ آلَ نَبِيِّكَ بِاللَّعْنِ ثُمَّ الْعَنْ أَعْدَاءَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ مِنَ الْأَوَّلِينَ وَ الْآخِرِينَ اللَّهُمَّ الْعَنْ يَزِيدَ وَ أَبَاهُ وَ الْعَنْ عُبَيْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ زِيَادٍ وَ آلَ مَرْوَانَ وَ بَنِي أُمَيَّةَ قَاطِبَةً إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ثُمَّ تَسْجُدُ سَجْدَةً تَقُولُ فِيهَا اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ حَمْدَ الشَّاكِرِينَ عَلَى مُصَابِهِمْ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى عَظِيمِ رَزِيَّتِي فِيهِمْ اللَّهُمَّ ارْزُقْنِي شَفَاعَةَ الْحُسَيْنِ يَوْمَ الْوُرُودِ وَ ثَبِّتْ لِي قَدَمَ صِدْقٍ عِنْدَكَ مَعَ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ أَصْحَابِ الْحُسَيْنِ الَّذِينَ بَذَلُوا مُهَجَهُمْ دُونَ الْحُسَيْنِ ع قَالَ يَا عَلْقَمَةُ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ أَنْ تَزُورَهُ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ بِهَذِهِ الزِّيَارَةِ مِنْ دَهْرِكَ فَافْعَلْ فَلَكَ ثَوَابُ جَمِيعِ ذَلِكَ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى[110]

The Month of Safar:

Safar

Ahl Al-Bayt--asws in court of Yazidla

2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10

 

11 12

 

13

Shahadat Syeda Masooma-asws Bint-ul-Hussain-asws

14
15 16 17

Shahadat  Imam Ali Reza-asws

18 19 20

Arbaeen (40th of Imam Hussain-asws and Shuhada-e-Karbala-asws)

21
22 23 24

Shahadat Syeda Ummul Musaib-asws

25

 

26 27 28

Shahadat Prophet Mohammed-saww & Imam Hassan-asws

29

Shorter Version of Ziyarat-e-Arbaeen:

تهذيب الأحكام جَمَاعَةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُوسَى التَّلَّعُكْبَرِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْمَرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَسْعَدَةَ وَ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ الْجَمَّالِ عَنِ الصَّادِقِ ع‏ فِي زِيَارَةِ الْأَرْبَعِينَ‏ وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنِّي بِكُمْ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ بِإِيَابِكُمْ مُوقِنٌ بِشَرَائِعِ دِينِي وَ خَوَاتِيمِ عَمَلِي.

Tehzeeb Al Ahkam – a group of our companions, from Haroun Bin Musa Al Talaukbary, from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Ma’mar, from Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Mas’ada and Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, from Sa’dan Bin Muslim, from Safwan Bin Mihran Al Jammal, who narrates from:

(6th Imam) Al-Sadiq-asws regarding Ziyarat Al-Arbaeen:

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنِّي بِكُمْ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ بِإِيَابِكُمْ مُوقِنٌ بِشَرَائِعِ دِينِي وَ خَوَاتِيمِ عَمَلِي

‘And I testify that I am a Momin (believer) with you-asws and with your-asws forefathers-asws, testify the Laws of my Religion and the accomplishment of my deeds’ (as delivered by you-asws and your-asws forefathers).[111]

الْمِصْبَاحُ، لِلشَّيْخِ قَالَ رُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ الْعَسْكَرِيِّ ع أَنَّهُ قَالَ: عَلَامَاتُ الْمُؤْمِنِ خَمْسٌ صَلَاةُ الْإِحْدَى وَ الْخَمْسِينَ وَ زِيَارَةُ الْأَرْبَعِينَ‏ وَ التَّخَتُّمُ بِالْيَمِينِ وَ تَعْفِيرُ الْجَبِينِ وَ الْجَهْرُ بِ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏[112].

Al-Misbah of Al-Sheykh – he said,

‘It is reported from Abu Muhammad Al-Askari-asws, he-asws said: ‘The signs of a Momin are – five Salats, and fifty one (Rakka Salat in 24 hours), and Ziyarat Al-Arbaeen, and the wearing of the ring in the right hand, and a dusty forehead, and the audible recitation of ‘In the Name of Allah-azwj the Beneficent, the Merciful’ (بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ)’.[113]

Ziyarat-e-Arbaeen Method-1

تهذيب الأحكام أَخْبَرَنَا جَمَاعَةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُوسَى بْنِ أَحْمَدَ التَّلَّعُكْبَرِيِّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَعْمَرٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الْحَسَنِ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مَسْعَدَةَ وَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ سَعْدَانَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ الْجَمَّالِ قَالَ:

Tehzeeb Al Ahkam – It was informed to us by a group of our companions, from Abu Muhammad Haroun bin Musa Bin Ahmad Al Tallaukbary, from Muhammad Bin Ali Bin Ma’mar, from Abu Al Hassan Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Mas’ada and Al Hassan Bin Ali Bin Fazzal, from Sa’dan Bin Muslim, from Safwan Bin Mihran Al Jammal who said,

قَالَ لِي مَوْلَايَ الصَّادِقُ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ فِي زِيَارَةِ الْأَرْبَعِينَ تَزُورُ عِنْدَ ارْتِفَاعِ النَّهَارِ وَ تَقُولُ

‘My Master-asws Al-Sadiq-asws said to me regarding Ziyarat Arbaeen: ‘You should visit at the raising of the day and you should be saying: –

السَّلَامُ عَلَى وَلِيِّ اللَّهِ وَ حَبِيبِهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَى خَلِيلِ اللَّهِ وَ نَجِيِّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَى صَفِيِّ اللَّهِ وَ ابْنِ صَفِيِّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَى الْحُسَيْنِ الْمَظْلُومِ الشَّهِيدِ السَّلَامُ عَلَى أَسِيرِ الْكُرُبَاتِ وَ قَتِيلِ الْعَبَرَاتِ

The greetings be upon the Guardian-asws of Allah-azwj and His-azwj Beloved. The greetings be upon the friend of Allah-azwj and His-azwj confidant. The greetings be upon the elite of Allah-azwj and son-asws of His-azwj elite. The greetings be upon Al Husayn-asws the oppressed, the martyr. The greetings be upon the distressed captive and the one killed tearfully.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ وَلِيُّكَ وَ ابْنُ وَلِيِّكَ وَ صَفِيُّكَ وَ ابْنُ صَفِيِّكَ الْفَائِزُ بِكَرَامَتِكَ أَكْرَمْتَهُ بِالشَّهَادَةِ وَ حَبَوْتَهُ بِالسَّعَادَةِ وَ اجْتَبَيْتَهُ بِطِيبِ الْوِلَادَةِ وَ جَعَلْتَهُ سَيِّداً مِنَ السَّادَةِ وَ قَائِداً مِنَ الْقَادَةِ وَ ذَائِداً مِنَ الذَّادَةِ وَ أَعْطَيْتَهُ مَوَارِيثَ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ وَ جَعَلْتَهُ حُجَّةً عَلَى خَلْقِكَ مِنَ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ

O Allah-azwj! I testify that he-asws is Your-azwj Guardian-asws and son-asws of Your-azwj Guardian-asws, and Your-asws elite and son-asws of Your-azwj elite. The winner of Your-azwj Prestige. You-azwj Honoured him-asws with the martyrdom and Endowed him-asws with the happiness and Privileged him-asws with the goodly birth and Made him-asws a chief from the chiefs, and a guide from the guides, and a defender from the defenders. And You-azwj Gave him-asws the inheritances of the Prophets-as, and Made him-asws a Divine Authority upon Your-azwj creatures, from the succesors-asws.

فَأَعْذَرَ فِي الدُّعَاءِ وَ مَنَحَ النُّصْحَ وَ بَذَلَ مُهْجَتَهُ فِيكَ لِيَسْتَنْقِذَ عِبَادَكَ مِنَ الْجَهَالَةِ وَ حَيْرَةِ الضَّلَالَةِ وَ قَدْ تَوَازَرَ عَلَيْهِ مَنْ غَرَّتْهُ الدُّنْيَا وَ بَاعَ حَظَّهُ بِالْأَرْذَلِ الْأَدْنَى وَ شَرَى آخِرَتَهُ بِالثَّمَنِ الْأَوْكَسِ وَ تَغَطْرَسَ وَ تَرَدَّى فِي هَوَاهُ وَ أَسْخَطَكَ وَ أَسْخَطَ نَبِيَّكَ وَ أَطَاعَ مِنْ عِبَادِكَ أَهْلَ الشِّقَاقِ وَ النِّفَاقِ وَ حَمَلَةَ الْأَوْزَارِ الْمُسْتَوْجِبِينَ لِلنَّارِ

So he-asws warned during the supplications and conferred the advice, and made his-asws love to be for Your-azwj Sake in order to retrieve Your-azwj servants from the ignorance and the confusion of the straying. And they had backed each other against him-asws, the ones deceived by the world and he had sold his share of the Hereafter with the despicable least (price); and exchanged his Hereafter with the cheapest price and advantages, and he worsened in his desires and Angered You-azwj, and angered Your-azwj Prophet-saww, and obeyed from Your-azwj servants, the people of the wickedness and the hypocrisy, and the bearers of the burdens (of sins), the ones Obligated for the Fire.

فَجَاهَدَهُمْ فِيكَ صَابِراً مُحْتَسِباً حَتَّى سُفِكَ فِي طَاعَتِكَ دَمُهُ وَ اسْتُبِيحَ حَرِيمُهُ اللَّهُمَّ فَالْعَنْهُمْ لَعْناً وَبِيلًا وَ عَذِّبْهُمْ عَذَاباً أَلِيماً

So he-asws fought them for Your-azwj Sake, patiently, anticipating, until he-asws shed his-asws blood in Your-azwj obedience and his-asws sanctity was violated. O Allah-azwj! So Curse them with a ruining Curse, and Punish them with a painful Punishment.

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ أَمِينُ اللَّهِ وَ ابْنُ أَمِينِهِ عِشْتَ سَعِيداً وَ مَضَيْتَ حَمِيداً وَ مِتَّ فَقِيداً مَظْلُوماً شَهِيداً

The greetings be upon you-asws, O son-asws of Rasool-Allah-saww! The greetings be upon you-asws, O son-asws of the Chief of the succesors-asws. I testify that you-asws are the trustee of Allah-azwj and son-asws of His-azwj trustee. You-asws lived happily and passed away being praised, and a death missed, oppressed, a martyr.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ مُنْجِزٌ لَكَ مَا وَعَدَكَ وَ مُهْلِكٌ مَنْ خَذَلَكَ وَ مُعَذِّبٌ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ

And I testify that Allah-azwj would Recompense to you-asws what He-azwj Promised you-asws, and Destroy the ones who abandoned you-asws, and Punish the ones who killed you-asws.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ وَفَيْتَ بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ وَ جَاهَدْتَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ حَتَّى أَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ

And I testify that you-asws fulfilled the Covenant of Allah-azwj and fought in the Way of Allah-azwj until the certainty came to you-asws.

فَلَعَنَ‏ اللَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ ظَلَمَكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً سَمِعَتْ بِذَلِكَ فَرَضِيَتْ بِهِ

So, may Allah-azwj Curse the ones who killed you-asws, and may Allah-azwj Curse the ones who oppressed you-asws, and may Allah-azwj Curse the community which heard of that, so it was pleased with it.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أُشْهِدُكَ أَنِّي وَلِيٌّ لِمَنْ وَالاهُ وَ عَدُوٌّ لِمَنْ عَادَاهُ

O Allah-azwj! I testify that I am a friend to the one who befriends him-asws and an enemy to the one who is his-asws enemy.

بِأَبِي أَنْتَ وَ أُمِّي يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ كُنْتَ نُوراً فِي الْأَصْلَابِ الشَّامِخَةِ وَ الْأَرْحَامِ الْمُطَهَّرَةِ لَمْ تُنَجِّسْكَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةُ بِأَنْجَاسِهَا وَ لَمْ تُلْبِسْكَ مِنْ مُدْلَهِمَّاتِ ثِيَابِهَا

By my father and my mother, O son-asws os Rasool-Allah-saww! I testify that you-asws were a light in the majestic spines and the purified wombs. The ignorance did not dirty you-asws with its dirt, and did not clothe you-asws with the darkness of its clothing.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ مِنْ دَعَائِمِ الدِّينِ وَ أَرْكَانِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَ مَعْقِلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

And I testify that you-asws are from the foundations of the Religion and the cornerstones of the Muslims, and the strongholds of the Momineen.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ الْإِمَامُ الْبَرُّ التَّقِيُّ الرَّضِيُّ الزَّكِيُّ الْهَادِي الْمَهْدِيُّ

And I testify that you-asws are the Imam-asws, the righteous, the pious, the pleased (with Allah-azwj), the pure, the guide, the Guided.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ الْأَئِمَّةَ مِنْ وُلْدِكَ كَلِمَةُ التَّقْوَى وَ أَعْلَامُ الْهُدَى وَ الْعُرْوَةُ الْوُثْقَى وَ الْحُجَّةُ عَلَى أَهْلِ الدُّنْيَا

And I testify that the Imams-asws from your-asws sons-asws are the pious words, and the banners of the Guidance, and the firmest handhold, and the Divine Authority upon the people of the world.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنِّي بِكُمْ مُؤْمِنٌ وَ بِإِيَابِكُمْ مُوقِنٌ بِشَرَائِعِ دِينِي وَ خَوَاتِيمِ عَمَلِي وَ قَلْبِي لِقَلْبِكُمْ سِلْمٌ وَ أَمْرِي لِأَمْرِكُمْ مُتَّبِعٌ وَ نُصْرَتِي لَكُمْ مُعَدَّةٌ حَتَّى يَأْذَنَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ فَمَعَكُمْ مَعَكُمْ لَا مَعَ عَدُوِّكُمْ

And I testify that I am a Momin with you-asws, and with your-asws forefathers-asws, certain with the Laws of my Religion and the accomplishment of my deeds, and my heart is submissive to your-asws hearts, and my matters are in following your-asws matters, and my assistance to you-asws is set until Allah-azwj Permits for you-asws, so I am with you-asws and would be with you-asws, not with your-asws enemies.

صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَ عَلَى أَرْوَاحِكُمْ وَ أَجْسَادِكُمْ وَ شَاهِدِكُمْ وَ غَائِبِكُمْ وَ ظَاهِرِكُمْ وَ بَاطِنِكُمْ آمِينَ رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ

May the Salawat of Allah-azwj be upon you-asws all, and upon your-asws souls, and upon your-asws bodies, and upon your-asws present ones and your-asws absent ones, and your apparent, and your hidden. Ameen! Lord-azwj of the worlds!.

وَ تُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَ تَدْعُو بِمَا أَحْبَبْتَ وَ تَنْصَرِفُ‏[114].

And you should pray two Rakats of Salat and supplicate with whatever you like to, and you should leave’’. [115]

Ziyarat-e-Arbaeen Method-2

أقول أورد المفيد و السيد[116] و الشهيد[117] و غيرهم رحمهم الله‏ هذه الزيارة في كتبهم مرسلا.و رواه السيد في الإقبال‏[118] بإسناده عن التلعكبري إلى آخر ما مر سندا و متنا ثم قال فيه و في مصباح الزائر[119] وجدت لهذه الزيارة وداعا يختص بها و هو أن تقف قدام الضريح و تقول

And it is reported by Al Seyyid in Al Iqbal, by his chain, from Al-Talakbary, up to the end of chain and subject, then he said in it, ‘And in (the book) Misbah Al Za’ir, I found for this Ziyarat, a supplication specialised with it, and it is, that you should be pausing in front of the shrine and you should be saying: –

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ عَلِيٍّ الْمُرْتَضَى وَصِيِّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ فَاطِمَةَ الزَّهْرَاءِ- سَيِّدَةِ نِسَاءِ الْعَالَمِينَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَارِثَ الْحَسَنِ الزَّكِيِّ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللَّهِ فِي أَرْضِهِ وَ شَاهِدَهُ عَلَى خَلْقِهِ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الشَّهِيدَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلَايَ وَ ابْنَ مَوْلَايَ

The greetings be upon you-asws O Son-asws of Rasool-Allah-saww! The greetings be upon you-asws O son-asws of Ali Al Murtaza-asws, successor-asws of Rasool-Allah-saww. The greetings be upon you-asws O son-asws of Fatima Al Zahra-asws, Chieftess of the women of the worlds. The greetings be upon you-asws of inheritor of Al Hassan-asws, the pure. The greetings be upon you-asws, O Divine Authority of Allah-azwj in His-azwj earth, and His-azwj witness upon His-azwj creatures. The greetings be upon you-asws, O Abu Abdullah-asws, the martyr. The greetings be upon you-asws, O my Master-asws and son-asws of my Master-asws!.

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ قَدْ أَقَمْتَ الصَّلَاةَ وَ آتَيْتَ الزَّكَاةَ وَ أَمَرْتَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَ نَهَيْتَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَ جَاهَدْتَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ حَتَّى أَتَاكَ الْيَقِينُ

I testify that you-asws has established the Salat, and gave the Zakat, and ordered with the goodness and forbade from the evil, and you-asws fought in the Way of Allah-azwj until the certainty came to you-asws.

وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ عَلَى بَيِّنَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكَ أَتَيْتُكَ

And I testify that you-asws are upon the evidence from your-asws Lord-azwj Given to you-asws.

يَا مَوْلَايَ زَائِراً وَافِداً رَاغِباً مُقِرّاً لَكَ بِالذُّنُوبِ هَارِباً إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْخَطَايَا لِتَشْفَعَ لِي عِنْدَ رَبِّكَ

O my Master-asws!  I am a visitor, a delegate, desiring, acknowledging to you-asws with the sins, fleeing to you-asws from the mistakes in order for you-asws to intercede for me in the Presence of your-asws Lord-azwj.

يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ حَيّاً وَ مَيِّتاً فَإِنَّ لَكَ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ مَقَاماً مَعْلُوماً وَ شَفَاعَةً مَقْبُولَةً

O son-asws of Rasool-Allah-saww! Upon you-asws is life and death, for there is a known position for you-asws in the Presence of Allah-azwj, and Acceptable interceding.

لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ ظَلَمَكَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ حَرَمَكَ وَ غَصَبَ حَقَّكَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ قَتَلَكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ خَذَلَكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ دَعَاكَ فَلَمْ يُجِبْكَ وَ لَمْ يُعِنْكَ

May Allah-azwj Curse the ones who oppressed you-asws. May Allah-azwj Curse the ones who deprived you-asws and usurped your-asws rights. May Allah-azwj Curse the ones who killed you-asws, and may Allah-azwj Curse the ones who abandoned you-asws, and may Allah-azwj Curse the ones who left you-asws, so they did not answer you-asws and did not support you-asws.

وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ مَنَعَكَ مِنْ حَرَمِ اللَّهِ وَ حَرَمِ رَسُولِهِ وَ حَرَمِ أَبِيكَ وَ أَخِيكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ مَنْ مَنَعَكَ مِنْ شُرْبِ مَاءِ الْفُرَاتِ لَعْناً كَثِيراً يَتْبَعُ بَعْضُهَا بَعْضاً

And may Allah-azwj Curse the ones who prevented you-asws from the Hurrum (Sanctuary) of Allah-azwj, and the Hurrum of His-azwj Rasool-saww, and Hurrum of your-asws father-asws and your-asws brother-asws, and may Allah-azwj Curse the ones who prevented you-asws from drinking the water of the Euphrates, numerous Curses, following each other.

اللَّهُمَّ فاطِرَ السَّماواتِ وَ الْأَرْضِ عالِمَ الْغَيْبِ وَ الشَّهادَةِ أَنْتَ تَحْكُمُ بَيْنَ عِبادِكَ فِي ما كانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ‏ وَ سَيَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَيَّ مُنْقَلَبٍ يَنْقَلِبُونَ‏

O Allah! Originator of the skies and the earth, Knower of the unseen and the seen! You Judge between Your servants regarding what they were differing in [39:46] and they would soon come to know, those who are unjust, which overturning they would be overturned with [26:227].

اللَّهُمَّ لَا تَجْعَلْهُ آخِرَ الْعَهْدِ مِنْ زِيَارَتِهِ وَ ارْزُقْنِيهِ أَبَداً مَا بَقِيتُ وَ حَيِيتُ يَا رَبِّ وَ إِنْ مِتُّ فَاحْشُرْنِي فِي زُمْرَتِهِ يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ.

O Allah-azwj! Do not Make it as the last of the covenants from his-asws Ziyarat, and Grace it to me for ever, as long as I remain alive. O Lord-azwj! And if I die, so Resurrect me in his-asws group, O most Merciful of the merciful ones!’’.[120]

The Month of Rabi’ul Awwal:

Rabi’ul Awwal 2 3 4 5

Shahadat Syeda Masoma Qum–asws

6 7
8

Shahadat Imam Hassan Askari–asws

9

Eid-e-Shujah

10

Shahadat Hazrat Abdul Mutlib–asws

 

11 12

 

13 14
15 16 17

Zahoor Prophet Mohammed–saww & Imam Jaffar Sadiq–asws

(Fasting on the 17th is like fasting for the 60 years (see Ahadith)

18 19 20

 

21
22 23 24 25

 

26

Shahadat Hazrat Abu Talib–asws

27 28
29 30

حَدِيثُ إِسْلَامِ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام )

HADEETH OF ISLAM OF ALI-asws

14983- ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ (عليه السلام) ابْنُ كَمْ كَانَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ (عليه السلام) يَوْمَ أَسْلَمَ فَقَالَ أَ وَ كَانَ كَافِراً قَطُّ إِنَّمَا كَانَ لِعَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) حَيْثُ بَعَثَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ رَسُولَهُ (صلى الله عليه وآله) عَشْرُ سِنِينَ وَ لَمْ يَكُنْ يَوْمَئِذٍ كَافِراً وَ لَقَدْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى وَ بِرَسُولِهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ سَبَقَ النَّاسَ كُلَّهُمْ إِلَى الْإِيمَانِ بِاللَّهِ وَ بِرَسُولِهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ بِثَلَاثِ سِنِينَ

H 14983 Ibn Mahboub, from Hisham Bin Salim, from Abu Hamza, from Saeed Bin Al-Musayyab who said:

I asked Ali-asws Bin Al-Husayn-asws, ‘How old was Ali-asws on the day he-asws became a Muslim?’ So he-asws said: ‘What? Was he-asws an infidel ever? But rather, when Allah-azwj Sent His-azwj Messenger-saww, Ali-asws was ten years old, and he-asws was never an infidel on that day, and he-asws had believed in Allah-azwj, and in His-azwj Messenger-saww, and preceded all of the people to the faith by Allah-azwj and by His-azwj Messenger-saww and to the Prayer by three years’.

وَ كَانَتْ أَوَّلُ صَلَاةٍ صَلَّاهَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) الظُّهْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَ كَذَلِكَ فَرَضَهَا اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَ تَعَالَى عَلَى مَنْ أَسْلَمَ بِمَكَّةَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) يُصَلِّيهَا بِمَكَّةَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَ يُصَلِّيهَا عَلِيٌّ ( عليه السلام ) مَعَهُ بِمَكَّةَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مُدَّةَ عَشْرِ سِنِينَ حَتَّى هَاجَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَ خَلَّفَ عَلِيّاً (عليه السلام) فِي أُمُورٍ لَمْ يَكُنْ يَقُومُ بِهَا أَحَدٌ غَيْرُهُ

And the first Prayer that he-asws Prayed with the Rasool Allah-saww was Al-Zohr (Midday) of two cycles and that is what Allah-azwj Blessed and High had Obligated it as upon the one who became a Muslim at Makkah – two cycles, two cycles, and the Rasool Allah-saww had Prayed two cycles at Makkah, and Ali-asws had Prayed it with him-saww as two cycles for a period of ten years until the Rasool Allah-saww migrated to Al-Medina, and left Ali-asws behind regarding the matters which no one part from him-asws could have dealt with.

وَ كَانَ خُرُوجُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) مِنْ مَكَّةَ فِي أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنْ رَبِيعٍ الْأَوَّلِ وَ ذَلِكَ يَوْمُ الْخَمِيسِ مِنْ سَنَةِ ثَلَاثَ عَشْرَةَ مِنَ الْمَبْعَثِ وَ قَدِمَ الْمَدِينَةَ لِاثْنَتَيْ عَشْرَةَ لَيْلَةً خَلَتْ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَبِيعٍ الْأَوَّلِ مَعَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ فَنَزَلَ بِقُبَا فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَ الْعَصْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَزَلْ مُقِيماً يَنْتَظِرُ عَلِيّاً (عليه السلام) يُصَلِّي الْخَمْسَ صَلَوَاتٍ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ

And the going out of the Rasool Allah-saww from Makkah was during the first of the Rabbi-ul-Awwal, and that was the day of Thursday on the thirteenth year from the Mab’as (Declaration of Prophet-hood), and journeyed to Al-Medina over twelve nights from the Month of Rabbi Ul-Awwal with the setting of the sun. So he-saww descended at Quba, so he-saww Prayed Al-Zohr two cycles, and Al-Asr two cycles. Then he-saww did not cease to stay there, awaiting Ali-asws. He-saww Prayed five Prayers of two cycles, two cycles.

وَ كَانَ نَازِلًا عَلَى عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَأَقَامَ عِنْدَهُمْ بِضْعَةَ عَشَرَ يَوْماً يَقُولُونَ لَهُ أَ تُقِيمُ عِنْدَنَا فَنَتَّخِذَ لَكَ مَنْزِلًا وَ مَسْجِداً فَيَقُولُ لَا إِنِّي أَنْتَظِرُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَ قَدْ أَمَرْتُهُ أَنْ يَلْحَقَنِي وَ لَسْتُ مُسْتَوْطِناً مَنْزِلًا حَتَّى يَقْدَمَ عَلِيٌّ وَ مَا أَسْرَعَهُ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ فَقَدِمَ عَلِيٌّ (عليه السلام) وَ النَّبِيُّ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فِي بَيْتِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَنَزَلَ مَعَهُ

And he-saww stayed at (the house of) Amro Bin Awf for about ten days. They were saying to him-saww, ‘Stay with us, so we will build for you-saww house and a Masjid’. So he-saww said; ‘No. I-saww am awaiting Ali-asws Bin Abu Talib-asws, and have ordered him-asws to meet me-saww, and will not settle in a house until Ali-asws comes, and he-asws will not be long, Allah-azwj Willing. So Ali-asws came to the Prophet-saww at the house of Amro Bin Awf and stayed with him-saww.

ثُمَّ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) لَمَّا قَدِمَ عَلَيْهِ عَلِيٌّ (عليه السلام) تَحَوَّلَ مِنْ قُبَا إِلَى بَنِي سَالِمِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ وَ عَلِيٌّ (عليه السلام) مَعَهُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ مَعَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ فَخَطَّ لَهُمْ مَسْجِداً وَ نَصَبَ قِبْلَتَهُ فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ فِيهِ الْجُمُعَةَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَ خَطَبَ خُطْبَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ رَاحَ مِنْ يَوْمِهِ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ عَلَى نَاقَتِهِ الَّتِي كَانَ قَدِمَ عَلَيْهَا وَ عَلِيٌّ (عليه السلام) مَعَهُ لَا يُفَارِقُهُ يَمْشِي بِمَشْيِهِ وَ لَيْسَ يَمُرُّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) بِبَطْنٍ مِنْ بُطُونِ الْأَنْصَارِ إِلَّا قَامُوا إِلَيْهِ يَسْأَلُونَهُ أَنْ يَنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَيَقُولُ لَهُمْ خَلُّوا سَبِيلَ النَّاقَةِ فَإِنَّهَا مَأْمُورَةٌ

Then the Rasool Allah-saww, when Ali-asws arrived to him-saww, transferred from Quba to the Clan of Saalim Bin Awf, and Ali-asws was with him-saww, on the Day of Friday at sunrise. So they drew a boundary for him-saww for a Masjid, and established its Qiblah (direction of Prayer). He-saww Prayed with them the Friday Prayer of two cycles, and preached them two sermons. Then he-saww went to Al-Medina upon the she-camel which he-saww had come upon, and Ali-asws was with him-saww, not separating from him-saww, walking with him-saww step by step. And there was no neighbourhood from the neighbourhoods of the Helpers which Rasool Allah-saww passed by except that they stood up for him-saww asking him-saww to descend to them. He-saww would say to them; ‘Make way for the she-camel for it is under instructions (of where to go).

فَانْطَلَقَتْ بِهِ وَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَاضِعٌ لَهَا زِمَامَهَا حَتَّى انْتَهَتْ إِلَى الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي تَرَى وَ أَشَارَ بِيَدِهِ إِلَى بَابِ مَسْجِدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) الَّذِي يُصَلَّى عِنْدَهُ بِالْجَنَائِزِ فَوَقَفَتْ عِنْدَهُ وَ بَرَكَتْ وَ وَضَعَتْ جِرَانَهَا عَلَى الْأَرْضِ فَنَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ أَقْبَلَ أَبُو أَيُّوبَ مُبَادِراً حَتَّى احْتَمَلَ رَحْلَهُ فَأَدْخَلَهُ مَنْزِلَهُ وَ نَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) وَ عَلِيٌّ (عليه السلام) مَعَهُ حَتَّى بُنِيَ لَهُ مَسْجِدُهُ بُنِيَتْ لَهُ مَسَاكِنُهُ وَ مَنْزِلُ عَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) فَتَحَوَّلَا إِلَى مَنَازِلِهِمَا

So it went and the Rasool Allah-saww had freed its reins until it ended up at the place which you see’, and he-asws gestured by his-asws hands to the door of the Masjid of the Rasool Allah-saww by which the funeral Prayers are performed. He-asws said: ‘So it paused at it and knelt, and placed itself upon the ground. So the Rasool Allah-saww descended, and Abu Ayub welcomed him-saww to the extent that he carried his-saww saddle bag and made him-saww to enter his house. And the Rasool Allah-saww and Ali-asws stayed with him until they built for him-saww, his-saww Masjid, and built for him-saww his-saww house, and a house for Ali-asws. So they two of them-asws transferred to their-asws houses’.

فَقَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عليه السلام) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ كَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) حِينَ أَقْبَلَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَأَيْنَ فَارَقَهُ فَقَالَ إِنَّ أَبَا بَكْرٍ لَمَّا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) إِلَى قُبَا فَنَزَلَ بِهِمْ يَنْتَظِرُ قُدُومَ عَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) فَقَالَ لَهُ أَبُو بَكْرٍ انْهَضْ بِنَا إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فَإِنَّ الْقَوْمَ قَدْ فَرِحُوا بِقُدُومِكَ وَ هُمْ يَسْتَرِيثُونَ إِقْبَالَكَ إِلَيْهِمْ فَانْطَلِقْ بِنَا وَ لَا تَقُمْ هَاهُنَا تَنْتَظِرُ عَلِيّاً فَمَا أَظُنُّهُ يَقْدَمُ عَلَيْكَ إِلَى شَهْرٍ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) كَلَّا مَا أَسْرَعَهُ وَ لَسْتُ أَرِيمُ حَتَّى يَقْدَمَ ابْنُ عَمِّي وَ أَخِي فِي اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ أَحَبُّ أَهْلِ بَيْتِي إِلَيَّ فَقَدْ وَقَانِي بِنَفْسِهِ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

So Saeed Bin Al-Musayyab (the narrator) said to Ali-asws Bin Al-Husayn-asws, ‘May I be sacrificed for you-asws, Abu Bakr was with the Rasool Allah-saww when he-saww arrived at Al-Medina. So when did he separate from him-saww?’ So he-asws said: ‘Abu Bakr was with him-saww when the Rasool Allah-saww proceeded to Quba, and he-saww decided to wait for Ali-asws. So Abu Bakr said to him-saww, ‘Come with us to Al-Medina, for the people would rejoice at your-saww arrival there and are eager to welcome you-saww. So come with us and do not stay over here waiting for Ali-asws, from what I can see, it would take him-asws a month to come to you-asws’. So the Rasool Allah-saww said to him: ‘Never! He-asws will not be long, and I-saww will not move until my-saww cousin-asws, and my-saww brother-asws for the sake of Allah-azwj Mighty and Majestic, and the most beloved to me-saww of my-saww Family comes over, for he-asws saved me-saww from the Polytheists by being in my-saww place’.

قَالَ فَغَضِبَ عِنْدَ ذَلِكَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَ اشْمَأَزَّ وَ دَاخَلَهُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ حَسَدٌ لِعَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) وَ كَانَ ذَلِكَ أَوَّلَ عَدَاوَةٍ بَدَتْ مِنْهُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فِي عَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) وَ أَوَّلَ خِلَافٍ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فَانْطَلَقَ حَتَّى دَخَلَ الْمَدِينَةَ وَ تَخَلَّفَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) بِقُبَا يَنْتَظِرُ عَلِيّاً (عليه السلام)

He-asws said; ‘So Abu Bakr was angry and was disgusted by it, and envy for Ali-asws entered into him due to that, and that was the first enmity initiated from him to the Rasool Allah-saww with regards to Ali-asws, and the first of his opposition to the Rasool Allah-saww. So he went until he entered Al-Medina, and left behind the Rasool Allah-saww at Quba waiting for Ali-asws’.

قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عليه السلام) فَمَتَى زَوَّجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) فَاطِمَةَ مِنْ عَلِيٍّ (عليه السلام) فَقَالَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ بَعْدَ الْهِجْرَةِ بِسَنَةٍ وَ كَانَ لَهَا يَوْمَئِذٍ تِسْعُ سِنِينَ قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عليه السلام) وَ لَمْ يُولَدْ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) مِنْ خَدِيجَةَ (عليها السلام) عَلَى فِطْرَةِ الْإِسْلَامِ إِلَّا فَاطِمَةُ (عليها السلام) وَ قَدْ كَانَتْ خَدِيجَةُ مَاتَتْ قَبْلَ الْهِجْرَةِ بِسَنَةٍ وَ مَاتَ أَبُو طَالِبٍ بَعْدَ مَوْتِ خَدِيجَةَ بِسَنَةٍ

(The narrator) said, ‘I said to Ali-asws Bin Al-Husayn-asws, ‘So when did the Messenger-saww get Fatima-asws married to Ali-asws?’ He-asws said: ‘At Al-Medina, a year after the Migration, and she was in her-asws ninth year’. Ali-asws Bin Al-Husayn-asws said: ‘And there was no birth to the Rasool Allah-saww from Khadija-as upon the nature of Al-Islam except for Fatima-asws, and Khadija-as had passed away a year before the Migration, and Abu Talib-as had passed away a year after her-as passing away.

فَلَمَّا فَقَدَهُمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله) سَئِمَ الْمُقَامَ بِمَكَّةَ وَ دَخَلَهُ حُز