Sermon in condemnation of Fatwas Givers

تَرِدُ عَلَى أَحَدِهِمُ الْقَضِيَّةُ فِي حُكْمٍ مِنَ الْأَحْكَامِ فَيَحْكُمُ فِيهَا بِرَأْيِهِ ثُمَّ تَرِدُ تِلْكَ الْقَضِيَّةُ بِعَيْنِهَا عَلَى غَيْرِهِ فَيَحْكُمُ فِيهَا بِخِلَافِ قَوْلِهِ ثُمَّ يَجْتَمِعُ الْقُضَاةُ بِذَلِكَ عِنْدَ الْإِمَامِ الَّذِي اسْتَقْضَاهُمْ‏ فَيُصَوِّبُ آرَاءَهُمْ جَمِيعاً وَ إِلَهُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَ نَبِيُّهُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَ كِتَابُهُمْ وَاحِدٌ

‘The case is referred to one of them regarding a judgment from the judgments, so he issues a judgment with regards to it by his opinion. Them that very case exactly is referred to someone else, and he issues a judgment regarding it opposite to his (the first one’s) word. Then the judges gather with that (case) in the presence of the leader who had appointed them as judges, so he approves both their judgments; and (although) their God is One, their Book is one.

– أَ فَأَمَرَهُمُ اللَّهُ [تَعَالَى‏] سُبْحَانَهُ بِالاخْتِلَافِ فَأَطَاعُوهُ أَمْ نَهَاهُمْ عَنْهُ فَعَصَوْهُ‏

Did Allah-azwj the Glorious Command them with the differing, so they are obeying Him-azwj, or did He-azwj Forbid them from it, so they are disobeying Him-azwj?

أَمْ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ دِيناً نَاقِصاً فَاسْتَعَانَ بِهِمْ عَلَى إِتْمَامِهِ

Or did Allah-azwj Send down a deficient Religion, so He-azwj now Seeks assistance with them upon completing it?

أَمْ كَانُوا شُرَكَاءَ لَهُ فَلَهُمْ أَنْ يَقُولُوا وَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَرْضَى

Or were they associates of His-azwj, so for them is that they should be saying, and upon Him‑azwj would be that He-azwj Agrees?

أَمْ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ دِيناً تَامّاً فَقَصَّرَ الرَّسُولُ ص عَنْ تَبْلِيغِهِ وَ أَدَائِهِ

Or did Allah-azwj Send down a complete Religion, but the Rasool-saww was deficient from delivering it and fulfilling it?

وَ اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ يَقُولُ‏ ما فَرَّطْنا فِي الْكِتابِ مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ

And Allah-azwj the Glorious is Saying: We have not neglected in the Book of anything [6:38]. And in it is clarification of all things [16:89].

وَ فِيهِ [تِبْيَانُ كُلِ‏] تِبْيَانٌ لِكُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ وَ ذَكَرَ أَنَّ الْكِتَابَ يُصَدِّقُ بَعْضُهُ بَعْضاً وَ أَنَّهُ لَا اخْتِلَافَ فِيهِ فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَهُ‏ وَ لَوْ كانَ مِنْ عِنْدِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلافاً كَثِيراً

And Allah-azwj Mentioned that the Book, part of it ratifies a part, and that there are no contradictions in it. So, the Glorious One Said: And if it was from anyone other than Allah, they would have found in it a lot of discrepancies [4:82].

وَ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ ظَاهِرُهُ أَنِيقٌ‏ وَ بَاطِنُهُ عَمِيقٌ لَا تَفْنَى عَجَائِبُهُ وَ لَا تَنْقَضِي غَرَائِبُهُ وَ لَا تُكْشَفُ الظُّلُمَاتُ إِلَّا بِهِ‏

And the Quran is such that its apparent is elegant and its esoteric is deep. Neither do its wonders end nor would its strangeness expire, nor can the darkness be removed except by it’.[1]

[1] Nahj Al Balagah – Sermon No. 18